Adolfo de la Huerta

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Adolfo de la Huerta
Adolfo de la Huerta.jpg
38th President of Mexico
In office
June 1, 1920 – November 30, 1920
Preceded by Venustiano Carranza
Succeeded by Álvaro Obregón
Personal details
Born Felipe Adolfo de la Huerta Marcor
(1881-05-26)May 26, 1881[1]
Guaymas, Sonora
Died July 9, 1955(1955-07-09) (aged 74)
Mexico, DF
Nationality Mexican
Political party Liberal Constitutionalist Party (PLC), later National Cooperativist Party (PNC)
Spouse(s) Clara Oriol

Felipe Adolfo de la Huerta Marcor (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈðolfo ðelaˈweɾta]; May 26, 1881 – July 9, 1955), known as Adolfo de la Huerta, was a Mexican politician and 38th President of Mexico from June 1 to November 30, 1920, following the overthrow of Mexican president Venustiano Carranza.


He was born on May 26, 1881.

As Governor of the northern state of Sonora, he led the Revolution of Agua Prieta, which put an end to the presidency of Venustiano Carranza, who was killed during the revolt. It was then that de la Huerta was appointed interim President by Congress.[2]

Pancho Villa and his army surrendered during de la Huerta's presidency. When Álvaro Obregón was declared the victor of the 1920 presidential election, de la Huerta stepped down and became the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit,[3] and in that role, negotiated the De la Huerta–Lamont Treaty.

De la Huerta started a failed revolt in 1923 against fellow Sonoran president Obregón, whom he denounced as corrupt, [4] after Obregón endorsed Plutarco Calles as his successor.[5] Catholics, conservatives and a considerable portion of the army officers, who felt Obregón had reversed Carranza's policy of favoring the army at the expense of the farmer-labor sector, supported de la Huerta.[5] With his superb organizing ability and popular support, Obregón crushed the rebellion and forced de la Huerta into exile.[5] On March 7, 1924, de la Huerta fled to Los Angeles and Obregón ordered the execution of every rebel officer with a rank higher than a major.[5]

He was later invited to return to Mexico by President Lázaro Cárdenas in 1935 and died on July 9, 1955 in Mexico City.[1]

See also[edit]


Political offices
Preceded by
Venustiano Carranza
President of Mexico
June 1 – November 30, 1920
Succeeded by
Álvaro Obregón