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Anne Stuart (1637–1640)

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Princess Anne of England
Princess Anne - NPG D26443.jpg
Princess Anne in c. 1639.
Born17 March 1637
St. James's Palace, London
Died5 November 1640(1640-11-05) (aged 3)
Richmond Palace, London[1]
Burial8 December 1640[a]
HouseStuart
FatherCharles I
MotherHenrietta Maria of France

Anne Stuart (17 March 1637 – 5 November 1640)[1] was the daughter of King Charles I and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. She was one of the couple's three children to die in childhood.

Biography[edit]

Anne in 1637, by Anthony van Dyck

Life[edit]

Anne was born on 17 March 1637 at St. James's Palace, the seventh child and third daughter of King Charles I of England and his queen, Henrietta Maria of France.[1] Her siblings were, in order of birth: Charles James, Duke of Rothesay and Cornwall (13 May 1629); the future Charles II of England; Mary, Princess Royal and future Princess of Orange; the future James II of England and Elizabeth of England. Anne was baptised an Anglican at St. James's Palace on 30 March, by William Laud, the Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury.[2][3] Anne only lived to see the birth of two siblings: the stillborn Catherine (29 June 1639) and Henry Stuart, Duke of Gloucester. She died before the birth of her sister, Princess Henrietta of England, who married Philippe I, Duke of Orléans and had four children by him.

Anne was a sickly child, which is obvious in this engraving of her. She was frail and slightly deformed.

Death[edit]

Anne became ill with tuberculosis,[4] a disease which would later kill her more famous sister Elizabeth. Aged just three, Anne died at Richmond Palace. She was buried in Westminster Abbey, next to her brother Charles James.

Ancestors[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some sources place her death on this day, e.g. Chester, Joseph Lemuel (editor) (1876). The Marriage, Baptismal, and Burial Registers of the Collegiate Church or Abbey of St. Peter, Westminster. Page 134. London: Harleian Society.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Weir 1996, p. 253.
  2. ^ Anonymous (c. 1640). "The Effigies of Lady Anna". The British Museum. britishmuseum.org. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  3. ^ He also baptised all of her siblings.
  4. ^ "Princess Elizabeth, 1635 - 1650 and Princess Anne, 1637 - 1640. Daughters of Charles I". National Galleries of Scotland. nationalgalleries.org. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Louda & Maclagan 1999, p. 27.
  6. ^ a b Louda & Maclagan 1999, p. 50.
  7. ^ a b c d Louda & Maclagan 1999, p. 140.