Apollo of Mantua
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The Apollo of Mantua and its variants are early forms of the Apollo Citharoedus statue type, in which the god holds the cithara in his left arm. The type-piece, the first example discovered, is named for its location at Mantua; the type is represented by neo-Attic Imperial Roman copies of the late 1st or early 2nd century, modelled upon a supposed Greek bronze original made in the second quarter of the 5th century BCE, in a style similar to works of Polyclitus but more archaic. The Apollo held the cythara against his extended left arm, of which in the Louvre example (illustration) a fragment of one twisting scrolling horn upright remains against his biceps.
- The Naples Apollo of Mantua, a bronze found at Pompeii, in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples (inv. 5630).
- The Louvre Apollo of Mantua, formerly in the Bibliothèque Mazarine, entered the museum in 1871.
- The Fogg Art Museum Apollo of Mantua, a Roman bronze head of the Apollo of Mantua type, originally about one-third lifesize.
- Spectroscopy revealed the alloy in fact to be brass (Congdon 1963).
- Congdon, Lenore O. Keene Congdon, 1963. "The Mantua Apollo of the Fogg Art Museum", American Journal of Archaeology 67.1 (January 1963), pp. 7–13.
- Louvre catalogue