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Ashikaga Ujinohime

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Ashikaga Ujinohime
足利 氏姫
Ashikaga mon.svg
6th Koga Kubō
In office
1583–1590
Preceded byAshikaga Yoshiuji
Castellan of Kōnosu Palace
In office
1590–1620
Personal details
Spouse(s)Ashikaga Kunitomo
Ashikaga Yoriuji
MotherJōkō-in
FatherAshikaga Yoshiuji
RelativesHōjō Ujiyasu (grandfather)
Lady Hayakawa (aunt)
Hōjō Ujimasa (uncle)
Hōjō Ujiteru (uncle)
Hōjō Ujikuni (uncle)
Hōjō Ujinori (uncle)
Military service
AllegianceAshikaga mon.svg Ashikaga shogunate
Goshichi no kiri inverted.svg Toyotomi clan
Ashikaga mon.svg Kitsuregawa clan
UnitAshikaga mon.svg Koga Kubō

Ashikaga Ujihime (足利 氏姫, 1574 – June 6, 1620), or Ashikaga no Ujihime[1], Ashikaga Ujinohime[2] was the 6th Koga kubō in Sengoku period. She was the daughter of 5th Koga kubō Ashikaga Yoshiuji and Jōkō-in (a daughter of Hōjō Ujiyasu). She was a woman trained in martial arts and received education from the highest court. In 1583 when Yoshiuji died without a male heir, Ujihime succeeded her father at the young age of nine, she took the title Koga kubō (title equivalent to shōgun in Kantō region) and inherited a area equivalent the Koga domain.[1]

Life[edit]

She was de facto the Koga Kubo and the castellan in Koga Castle. Even the Ashikaga shogunate lost its sovereignty, Ujinohime was vital to the administration of the Kantō region, she worked together with the Later Hōjō clan and had her lands protected by her uncle Hōjō Ujimasa.[2]

In 1590, Toyotomi Hideyoshi initiated a campaign to eliminate the Hōjō clan, the last obstacle for Japan to be unified under the name of Hideyoshi. The Toyotomi clan wins in the Siege of Odawara and the Hōjō clan has been banished, Ujimasa is ordered to commit seppuku along with his brother Hōjō Ujiteru. The area was awarded to Tokugawa Ieyasu after the defeat of the Hōjō at the Siege of Odawara.[3]

After this in the same year, Ujinohime was moved to Kōnosu Palace [ja] in currently Ibaraki Prefecture and she became the owner of the palace. In 1591 Toyotomi Hideyoshi ordered her married to Ashikaga Kunitomo. When Kunitomo died in 1593, she was then married to his younger brother Ashikaga Yoriuji (Later known as Kitsuregawa Yoriuji) and give birth to a son. The marriage between Ujinohime and Yoriuji began the formation of a new clan, the Kitsuregawa clan. Yoriuji received a new domain, but Ujinohime declined to change domain. So she continued commanding the Konosu palace and Yoriuji went to another castle.

She and Yoriuji ran the Kitsuregawa clan until the day of her death on June 6, 1620. The clan Ujinohime founded prospered for years and became a fudai daimyo in the Edo period.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b kotobank.jp
  2. ^ a b "JLogos | | > > 辞書・辞典・百科事典一括検索JLogos". premium.jlogos.com. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  3. ^ "古河藩". www.asahi-net.or.jp. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  4. ^ Jansen, Marius (1995-09-29). Warrior Rule in Japan. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521484046.