Battle of Pasca

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Battle of Pasca (~1470)
Part of Muisca Confederation wars
Mapa del Territorio Muisca.svg
Map of Muisca territories
Pasca is located in the southwest of the zipa (green) territory
4°18′27″N 74°18′03″W / 4.30750°N 74.30083°W / 4.30750; -74.30083Coordinates: 4°18′27″N 74°18′03″W / 4.30750°N 74.30083°W / 4.30750; -74.30083
Result Zipazgo victory
Sutagao submitted to Muisca rule
Zipazgo of the southern Muisca Sutagao & Panche
Commanders and leaders
Saguamanchica cacique of Fusagasugá
~30,000[1] unknown
Casualties and losses
unknown unknown
Battle of Pasca is located in Colombia
Battle of Pasca
Battle of Pasca
Location of the battle

The Battle of Pasca was fought between southern Muisca Confederation, led by their zipa (ruler), Saguamanchica, and an alliance between the Panche and the Sutagao, led by the Cacique of Fusagasugá. The battle took place c. 1470 in the vicinity of Pasca, in modern-day Cundinamarca, Colombia, and resulted in a victory for Saguamanchica.[1]



Before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca the central highlands of the Colombian Andes (the Altiplano Cundiboyacense) were inhabited by a number of indigenous groups. The most numerous were the Muisca, who lived in the central valleys of the eastern ranges. The leader of the southern Muisca at the time was the freshly installed Saguamanchica, successor to his uncle Meicuchuca. Their neighbours to the northwest were the Muzo; south of them were the Muisca's traditional enemy the Panche; occupying the southeastern part of present-day Cundinamarca were the Sutagao.[2]


Sutagao warrior in Fusagasugá
Battle of Pasca and other battles around the Bogotá savanna

Shortly after taking power in 1470 Saguamanchica decided to attempt to conquer the Sutagao. He sent an advance force to reconnoiter the area and followed from Bacatá with an army of around 30,000 guecha warriors.[2] The Sutagao hid in the hills around the Pasca River, together with a number of their Panche allies, but Saguamanchica brought them to battle. After a struggle lasting 12 hours the Muisca captured Uzatama, an important cacique (leader) of the Sutagao, causing the Sutagao and Panche to rout.[3]

The Cacique of Tibacuy then negotiated the submission of the Sutagao to Saguamanchica.[2][3]


Some twenty years later Saguamanchica fought another major battle; this time against the northern Muisca led by Zaque Michuá: the Battle of Chocontá. Both Muisca rulers died in this battle.[2][4]

History of the Muisca
Sutagao peopleGuayupe peopleTegua peoplePanche peopleMuisca peopleAchagua peopleMuzo peopleGuane peopleU'wa peopleLache peopleBattle of TocaremaBattle of ChocontáBattle of PascaSagipaTisquesusaNemequeneSaguamanchicaMeicuchucaHistory of Bogotá#Pre-Columbian eraNencatacoaHuitaca (goddess)ChaquénCuchaviraChibchacumBochicaChía (goddess)SuéChiminigaguaSpanish conquest of the MuiscaAquiminzaqueQuemuenchatochaMichuáHunzahúaTunja#HistoryThomagataThomagataPacanchiqueGoranchachaMonster of Lake TotaEl DoradoSugamuxiNompanimIdacansásiracaTundamaDuitama#HistorySpanish EmpireMuisca Confederation
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Mapa del Territorio Muisca.svg

Muisca raft - detail - Museo del Oro, Bogotá.jpg

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Chía Bogotá May 2016.jpg


Guatavita desde el cielo.jpg

El Dorado
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See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b De Piedrahita, 1688, p.30
  2. ^ a b c d (in Spanish) Biography Saguamanchica – Pueblos Originarios
  3. ^ a b De Piedrahita, 1688, p.31
  4. ^ De Piedrahita, 1688, p.32