Bonne of Luxembourg
|Bonne of Luxembourg|
|Duchess of Normandy|
Bonne of Luxembourg with her husband
|Born||20 May 1315|
|Died||11 September 1349 (aged 34)|
Maubuisson Abbey, France
|Spouse||John II, King of France|
|Issue||Charles V, King of France|
Louis I, Duke of Anjou
John, Duke of Berry
Philip II, Duke of Burgundy
Joan, Queen of Navarre
Marie, Duchess of Bar
Isabella, Lady of Milan
|Father||John, King of Bohemia|
|Mother||Elizabeth of Bohemia|
Bonne of Luxemburg or Jutta of Luxemburg (20 May 1315 – 11 September 1349), was born Jutta (Judith), the second daughter of John the Blind, king of Bohemia, and his first wife, Elisabeth of Bohemia. She was the first wife of King John II of France; however, as she died a year prior to his accession, she was never a French queen. Jutta was referred to in French historiography as Bonne de Luxembourg. She was a member of the House of Luxembourg. Among her children were Charles V of France, Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and Joan, Queen of Navarre.
Jutta was married to John, Duke of Normandy on 28 July 1332 at the church of Notre-Dame in Melun. She was 17 years old, and the future king was 13. Her name Jutta (or Guta), translatable into English as Good (in the feminine case), was changed by the time of her marriage to Bonne (French) or Bona (Latin). Upon marriage, Bonne was the wife of the heir to the French throne, becoming Duchess of Normandy, and Countess of Anjou and of Maine. The wedding was celebrated in the presence of six thousand guests. The festivities were prolonged by a further two months when the young groom was finally knighted at the cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris. John was solemnly granted the arms of a knight in front of a prestigious audience bringing together the kings of Bohemia and Navarre, and the dukes of Burgundy, Lorraine and the Brabant.
Less than six months after Bonne's death, John married Joan I, Countess of Auvergne.
John and Bonne had the following children together:
- Charles V of France (21 January 1338 – 16 September 1380)
- Catherine (1338—1338) died young
- Louis I, Duke of Anjou (23 July 1339 – 20 September 1384)
- John, Duke of Berry (30 November 1340 – 15 June 1416)
- Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (17 January 1342 – 27 April 1404)
- Joan (24 June 1343 – 3 November 1373)
- Marie (12 September 1344 – October, 1404), married Robert, Duke of Bar in 1364
- Agnes (1345—1349), died young
- Margaret (1347—1352), died young
- Isabelle (1 October 1348 – 11 September 1372)
|Ancestors of Bonne of Luxembourg|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bonne of Luxembourg.|
- d'Arras, Jean (2012). Melusine;or The Noble History of Lusignan. Translated by Maddox, Donald; Sturm-Maddox, Sara. The Pennsylvania State University Press.
- Boehm, Barbara Drake; Fajt, Jiri, eds. (2005). Prague: The Crown of Bohemia, 1347-1437. Yale University Press.
- Hand, Joni M. (2013). Women, Manuscripts and Identity in Northern Europe, 1350-1550. Ashgate Publishing.
- Nicolle, David (2004). Poitiers 1356: The Capture of a King. Osprey.
- Perrot, G.; Reinach, S., eds. (1907). Revue archéologique Juillet-Decembre 1907 (in French). Vol. 4-Vol. 9. Ernest Leroux.
- Robertson, Anne Walters (2002). Guillaume de Machaut and Reims. Cambridge University Press.
- Vaughan, Richard (2005). Philip the Bold: The Formation of the Burgundian State. The Boydell Press.