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Burlington Arcade

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Burlington Arcade
Burlington Arcade, north entrance.jpg
North entrance to the Burlington Arcade, with beadle in attendance
LocationLondon
Opening dateMarch 20, 1819; 200 years ago (1819-03-20)
DeveloperGeorge Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington
OwnerDavid and Simon Reuben
No. of stores and services40
Websitewww.burlingtonarcade.com
Shop fronts inside the arcade
The Piccadilly entrance to the Burlington Arcade in 1827-28

Burlington Arcade is a covered shopping arcade in London that runs for 196 yards (179 m) behind Bond Street from Piccadilly through to Burlington Gardens. It is one of the precursors of the mid-19th-century European shopping gallery and the modern shopping mall. It is near the similar Piccadilly Arcade.

The arcade was built in 1818 to the order of George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington, younger brother of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, who had inherited the adjacent Burlington House, on what had been the side garden of the house and was reputedly to prevent passers-by throwing oyster shells and other rubbish over the wall of his home. It was designed by architect Samuel Ware.[1] Burlington Arcade was built "for the sale of jewellery and fancy articles of fashionable demand, for the gratification of the public".[1] However, it was also said to have been built so that the Lord's wife could shop safely amongst other genteel ladies and gentleman away from the busy, dirty, and crime ridden open streets of London.[2]

Burlington Arcade opened on 20 March 1819. From the outset, it positioned itself as an elegant and exclusive upmarket shopping venue, with shops offering luxury goods. It was one of London's earliest covered shopping arcades and one of several arcades that were constructed in Western Europe in the early 18th-century. Other examples of grand shopping arcades include: Covered passages of Paris, Palais Royal in Paris (opened in 1784); Passage de Feydeau in Paris (opened in 1791), Galeries Royales Saint-Hubert in Brussels and The Passage in St. Petersburg, the Galleria Umberto I in Naples, and the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan (1878).

The original arcade consisted of a single straight top-lit walkway lined with 72 small 2-storey units. Some of the units have been combined, reducing the number of shops to around 40. The Piccadilly façade, with sculptures carved by Benjamin Clemens, a professor of sculpture at the Royal College of Art, was added in 1911.

The arcade is patrolled by beadles in traditional uniforms including top hats and frockcoats. The original beadles were all former members of Lord George Cavendish's regiment, the 10th Royal Hussars. The arcade maintains Regency decorum by banning singling, humming, hurrying, and "behaving boisterously".[1]

Present tenants include a range of clothing, footwear and accessory shops, art and antique dealers and the jewellers and dealers in antique silver for which the Arcade is best known.

Historical events[edit]

The arcade was almost destroyed by fire in 1836, when several shops were destroyed, in 1871, and in 1936, when the arcade was subject to looting.[2]

Parts of the arcade were badly damaged in a bombing raid during World War II.[3]

In 1964, a Jaguar Mark X charged down the arcade, scattering pedestrians, and six masked men leapt out, smashed the windows of the Goldsmiths and Silversmiths Association shop and stole jewellery valued at £35,000. They were never caught. Gates were installed to prevent this from happening again.[2]

In 2010, Thor Equities and Meyer Bergman acquired the property for £104 million.[4] The ownership hired architect Michael Blair to restore the arcade.[5]

In May 2018, the property was sold to David and Simon Reuben for £300 million.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Cawthorne, Nigel (5 November 2015). The Strange Laws Of Old England. Little, Brown Book Group.
  2. ^ a b c OVERETT, ELEANA (10 July 2017). "Secrets Of Burlington Arcade". Gothamist.
  3. ^ Barrett, Claer (16 September 2011). "Burlington Arcade: a potted history". The Financial Times.
  4. ^ Lucking, Liz (10 July 2017). "Historic London shopping arcade seeks $500M buyer". The Real Deal.
  5. ^ "Burlington Arcade to be restored". Fashion United. 26 October 2011.
  6. ^ BROWN, HARRIET (18 May 2018). "Burlington Arcade sold in £300m deal". Drapers.
  7. ^ Lopez, Oscar (7 May 2018). "London's iconic Burlington Arcade sold to billionaire Reuben brothers for £300m". City A.M.

Coordinates: 51°30′32″N 0°08′25″W / 51.5090°N 0.1403°W / 51.5090; -0.1403