|City of Calexico|
Top: City Hall; Bottom: Hotel de Anza.
The International Gateway City
Where California and Mexico Meet
Location of Calexico in Imperial County, California.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 16, 1908|
|• Type||Council–manager government|
|• Mayor||Lewis Pacheco|
|• Total||8.63 sq mi (22.36 km2)|
|• Land||8.63 sq mi (22.36 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||3 ft (0.9 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||4,660.80/sq mi (1,799.50/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652680, 2409958|
Calexico is a city in Imperial County, California. The population was 38,572 at the 2010 census, up from 27,109 at the 2000 census. Calexico is about 122 miles (196 km) east of San Diego and 62 miles (100 km) west of Yuma, Arizona. The name of the city is a portmanteau of California and Mexico, which, like that of its adjacent sister city of Mexicali, emphasizes its identity as a border city.
Major events every year are the Mariachi festival on March 25 followed by the SDSU "Perspective of the Latino Race" art exhibition on April 3.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Government
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Politics
- 6 Education
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable people
- 9 In popular culture
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, at the 2010 census, the city had a total area of 6.2 square miles (16 km2), all land. Calexico is located 230 miles (370 km) southeast of Los Angeles, 125 miles (201 km) east of San Diego, 260 miles (420 km) west of Phoenix, and adjacent to Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico.
Calexico is served by State Routes 98, 7 and 111, with direct connection to Interstate 8 (5 miles north) and State Route 86. There are eighteen regular and irregular common carriers for intrastate and interstate truck service to Calexico.
Within city limits is Calexico International Airport, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection check-point for private passenger and air-cargo flights entering the U.S. from Mexico. Private charter services are also available there.
General aviation facilities and scheduled passenger and air-cargo service to San Diego International Airport, Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, and other points are available at Imperial County Airport (Boley Field), located 17 miles (27 km) north.
Calexico has a subtropical hot-desert climate (BWh), according to the Köppen climate classification system. In December 1932, the city experienced a rare snowfall. Rainfall usually occurs in the winter months of December, January and February. Although Summer is extremely dry in Calexico, there are occasional thunderstorms. In 2008, during the months of July and August there were several heavy thunderstorms that let down large amounts of rain and hail. Summer rainfall in the city is infrequent. During winter time, Calexico is sometimes affected by winter rain showers.
The summer temperatures in Calexico are very hot, with most of those days having temperatures at or above 100 °F (38 °C). However, the hot desert climate seen in Calexico is actually not unusual for similar parallels, seen in Baghdad, Iraq for example.
The area has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure.
|Climate data for Calexico, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||90
|Average high °F (°C)||70
|Average low °F (°C)||41
|Record low °F (°C)||18
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.51
Calexico began as a tent city of the Imperial Land Company, was founded in 1899, and incorporated in 1908. The Imperial Land Company converted desert land into a fertile setting for year-round agriculture. The originally proposed names were Santo Tomas or Thomasville. The first post office in Calexico opened in 1902.
Hundreds of acres are now being devoted to industrial parks, and commercial incentives are offered to encourage industrial development. The name Calexico was coined from a combination of the words California and Mexico. Mexicali is a similarly named city directly across the international border from Calexico.
On April 4, 2010, the El Mayor earthquake caused moderate to heavy damage throughout Calexico and across the border in Mexicali. Measuring 7.2 on the moment magnitude scale, the quake was centered about 40 miles south of the U.S.-Mexico border near Mexicali. A state of emergency was declared and officials cordoned off First and Second streets between Paulin and Heber Avenues. Glass and debris littered the streets of downtown Calexico and two buildings partially collapsed. The Calexico water treatment plant sustained severe damage.
The City of Calexico operates under a City Council/City Manager form of government. The City Council consists of five Council Members, elected to overlapping four-year term. The Mayor and Mayor Pro-Tem are chosen from among the five council members and rotate on an annual basis.
The Mayor presides at council meetings, where all official policies and laws of the City are enacted. The members of the Calexico City Council set policy and appoint commissions and committees that study the present and future needs of Calexico.
The other two elected officials in the City of Calexico are the City Clerk and City Treasurer. Each of them is elected directly by the voters and serves a four-year term.
The Calexico branch of the Imperial County Superior Court system was officially renamed on Saturday, December 19, 1992 in honor of Legaspi family members Henry, Victor and Luis Legaspi as the Legaspi Municipal Court Complex.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Calexico had a population of 38,572. The population density was 4,596.7 people per square mile (1,774.8/km²). The makeup of Calexico was 23,150: White (60.0%), African American 204 (0.5%), Native American 504 (1.3%), Asian 21 (0.1%), Pacific Islander 12,920 (33.5%), and 1,639(4.2%).Hispanic 37,354 persons (96.8%).
The Census reported that 38,472 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 100 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 10,116 households, out of which 5,759 (56.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 5,767 (57.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,319 (22.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 595 (5.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 316 (3.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 61 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,200 households (11.9%) were made up of individuals and 675 (6.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.80. There were 8,681 families (85.8% of all households); the average family size was 4.09.
The population was spread out with 12,011 people (31.1%) under the age of 18, 4,262 people (11.0%) aged 18 to 24, 9,332 people (24.2%) aged 25 to 44, 8,559 people (22.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 4,408 people (11.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.
There were 10,651 housing units at an average density of 1,269.3 per square mile (490.1/km²), of which 10,116 were occupied, of which 5,430 (53.7%) were owner-occupied, and 4,686 (46.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.1%. 22,155 people (57.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 16,317 people (42.3%) lived in rental housing units.
The current mayor is Mayor Lewis Pacheco, and the Mayor Pro Tem is Jesus Eduardo Escobar. The other council members are: Bill Hodge, Maritza Hurtado, and Armando G. Real.
Colleges and universities
Post-secondary education is available at the San Diego State University Imperial Valley Campus of San Diego State University, and at Imperial Valley College. In addition, there are more than 20 local agencies and programs providing vocational training which can be tailored to the specific needs of potential employers.
The Calexico Unified School District serves city residents.
- Grades K-6
- Kennedy Gardens Elementary – Home of the Eagles
- Allen and Helen Mains Elementary – Home of the Trojans
- Rockwood Elementary – Home of the Rockets
- Blanche Charles Elementary – Home of the Dolphins
- Jefferson Elementary – Home Of the Tigers
- Dool Elementary – Home of the Cougars
- Cesar Chavez Elementary – Home of the Lobos
Junior high schools
- Willam Moreno Jr. High – Home of the Aztecs
- Enrique Camarena Junior High School – Home of the Firebirds
- De Anza 9th Grade Academy – Home of the Bullpups (Now part of Calexico High School)
- Grades 10–12
- Calexico High School – Home of the Bulldogs
- Aurora High School – Home of the Eagles
Public charter school (Independent Study)
RAI Online Charter School—raicharter.net (K-12, tuition-free)
Adult education schools
- Robert F. Morales Adult Education Center
- Independent Studies Office
Our Lady of Guadalupe Academy (Home to the Bees), and Vincent Memorial Catholic High School (Home to the Scots), Roman Catholic schools operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Diego, are also in Calexico.
Calexico is served by the privately owned Calexico Transit, LA Shuttle and Numero Uno Shuttle and the publicly owned Imperial Valley Transit for local transit. Calexico is also served by Greyhound Lines.
Freight rail service is provided by Union Pacific Railroad's Calexico Subdivision.
- Enrique Camarena, DEA agent, graduated from Calexico High School in 1966
- Enrique Castillo, actor
- Emilio Delgado, actor
- Bob Huff, California senator
- Ruben Niebla, baseball player
- Danny Villanueva, former NFL placekicker and punter, graduated from Calexico High school
- Eugenio Elorduy Walther, Governor of Baja California
- Bob Wilson, US Congressman
In popular culture
- Curtis Hanson's Losin' It was filmed in Calexico.
- The band Calexico is named after the town.
- A narcotics officer in Michael Connelly's The Black Ice is named after the town.
- On ABC's hit show Modern Family, characters Cameron and Mitchell said to having adopted their second child, a Latino boy, from Calexico.
- In the episode of Defiance, "The Serpent's Egg", the lawkeeper travels to Calexico.
- 1997 film The Game starring Michael Douglas; some scenes in Mexicali were shot through the chain link fence (camera and crew in Calexico) between the US and Mexico.
- Rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers sing about Calexico on their song "Encore" from their 2016 album, The Getaway
- The town is featured in the Knightrider TV Series during the episode "The Mouth of The Snake". Michael Knight travels there to meet with the widow of a murdered federal lawyer.
- The town in Bordertown, Mexifornia is a parody of Calexico.
- The town is mentioned in first episode of Narcos: Mexico (which was originally intended to be the fourth season of the Netflix original series Narcos). The TV series Narcos: Mexico portrays Enrique Camarena, DEA agent and Calexico High School alumnus, amongst its main characters.
- "Calexico". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "About the City Council". City of Calexico. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
- "Mayor and City Council". City of Calexico, California. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Historical Averages for Calexico, CA". Intellicast. Retrieved May 8, 2015.
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1401. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2017-08-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Imperial Valley Press blog Archived 2010-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
- “Calexico Chronicle” Vol. 90, No. 21, December 24, 1992.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Calexico city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "Senators". State of California. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "California's 51st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- Huitt-Zollars, Inc.; PRM Consulting, Inc. CALEXICO BORDER INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION CENTER FEASIBILITY STUDY (PDF).
- "Kiki and the History of Red Ribbon Week". Drug Enforcement Administration. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "Actor Enrique Castillo To Receive Distinguished Award From Arts Council". Latin Heat Entertainment. 4 November 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "People in your neighborhood". Sesame Street Workshop. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "Sen. Robert 'Bob' S. Huff's biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "Danny Villanueva, co-founder of Univision, dies at 77". Los Angeles Times. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- Dibble, Sandra (20 February 2007). "Newly sworn in acting mayor embodies this binational city". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "Wilson, Robert Carlton (Bob), (1916–1999)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
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