This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Chartaq (Persian: چارطاق), chahartaq (چهارطاق), chartaqi (چارطاقی), or chahartaqi (چهارطاقی), literally meaning "having four arches" in Persian language, is an architectural unit consisted of four barrel vaults and a dome.
Chartaqi was a prominent element in Iranian architecture, having various functions and used in both secular and religious contexts for 1,500 years, with the first instance apparently being developed in Gor (Firuzabad), Pars, in 210s AD by Ardashir I. The biggest instance of chahartaq is that of the so-called Palace of Shapur I at Bishapur, also in Pars. Many pre-Islamic chahartaqs have been survived, but they are usually just the sole surviving structure of a much bigger complex. The structure was adopted in Islamic architecture.
A related concept is čahārqāpū (چهارقاپو).
Chahartaqi of Kheirabad, Sassanian period
A chahartaq as a small mausoleum: Tomb of Sheikh Yusef Sarvestani, Fars Province
"Kiosk-mosque" at Sultan Han caravanserai, Turkey (Seljuq period)
Saint Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral, Yerevan, Armenia
- Also transliterated with gh instead of q.
- Dietrich Huff, "ČAHĀRṬĀQ", Encyclopaedia Iranica, December 15, 1990
- "بنیادفرهنگی هنری رودکی". Bonyadroudaki.com. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Freedom Tower, the gateway to Iranian civilization and art". Chidaneh.com. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chahartaqs.|