David di Donatello
|David di Donatello Awards|
A David di Donatello awarded in 2014
|Awarded for||The best of Italian and foreign motion picture productions|
|Presented by||Accademia del Cinema Italiano (Academy of Italian Cinema)|
|First awarded||5 June 1956|
The David di Donatello Awards, named after Donatello's David, are film awards presented each year for cinematic performances and production by L'Accademia del Cinema Italiano (The Academy of Italian Cinema; ACI). There are 24 award categories as of 2006.
It is the Italian equivalent to the American Academy Awards and ranks among top-tier awards such as the Premio Regia Televisiva for television; the Premio Ubu for stage performances; the Sanremo Music Festival for music and the annual Venice Film Festival.
Following the same criteria of the Academy Awards, the David di Donatello Awards (known by the moniker "Donatellos") were established in 1955 and first awarded in Rome on July 5, 1956. Created by a cultural club (then called The Open Gate), the aim was to honour the best of each year's Italian and foreign films.
Similar prizes had already existed in Italy for about a decade (for example, the Silver Ribbons), but these were voted for by film critics and journalists. However, the Donatellos have been and are awarded by the people in the industry: screenwriters, performers, technicians, producers and so on.
After Rome, from 1957 to 1980, the ceremonies were held at the Greek Theatre in Taormina, during Taormina Film Fest, then twice in Florence, and finally returned to Rome, always with the support of the President of the Republic and now with the collaboration of the Rome City Council Cultural Policies Department. During the years the ceremony was held in Taormina during the 1950s, it was organized by journalist and film producer Michael Stern who later went on to found The Michael Stern Parkinson's Research Foundation in New York City.
The founding organization, now called the David di Donatello Organization is fully functional and works in concert with and thanks to the contribution of the Italian Ministry of the Performing Arts and the Ministry for Cultural Properties and Activities.
The presidents have successively been Italo Gemini (the founder), Eitel Monaco and Paolo Grassi. Currently, it is presided over by Gian Luigi Rondi who has worked with the organization since its inception.
The prizes are awarded primarily to Italian films, with a category dedicated to foreign language films.
Here is a list of presidents of The Academy of Italian Cinema:
|Gian Luigi Rondi||1981||2016†||President for Life since 2009|
|Piera Detassis||2018||now||First female to hold the office|
† Died in office.
The trophy is in the form of a gold David statuette replica of Donatello's famous sculpture, on a square malachite base with a gold plaque recording the award category, year and winner.
- David di Donatello for Best Film
- David di Donatello for Best Director
- David di Donatello for Best New Director
- David di Donatello for Best Screenplay
- David di Donatello for Best Producer
- David di Donatello for Best Actress
- David di Donatello for Best Actor
- David di Donatello for Best Supporting Actress
- David di Donatello for Best Supporting Actor
- David di Donatello for Best Cinematography
- David di Donatello for Best Score
- David di Donatello for Best Original Song
- David di Donatello for Best Set Designer
- David di Donatello for Best Costumes
- David di Donatello for Best Makeup
- David di Donatello for Best Hair Design
- David di Donatello for Best Editing
- David di Donatello for Best Sound
- David di Donatello for Best Digital Effects
- David di Donatello for Best Documentary Feature
- David di Donatello for Best Foreign Film
- David di Donatello for Best Short Film
- David Giovani Award
- David di Donatello for Best Foreign Director
- David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor
- David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actress
- David di Donatello for Best European Film
Multiple prize winning actors
- "Oscar's Foreign Cousins". Variety. Variety Media. December 9, 1998. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
- Laviosa, Flavia (January 29, 2015). "David di Donatello 1956–2016: Sixty Years of Awards" [Call for Papers] (PDF). Journal of Italian Cinema and Media Studies. Intellect. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- "Gold and malachite 'David'". Sotheby's.
- "DAVID DI DONATELLO: LA STORIA" (in Italian). rai.it. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
- "David di Donatello 2018, 63 anni di Oscar del Cinema italiano" (in Italian). altrospettacolo.it. 18 March 2018. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
Tra gli attori più premiati di sempre troneggiano Alberto Sordi e Vittorio Gassman, entrambi a quota 7 David, vinti sempre come migliori attori protagonisti. La Meryl Streep del Cinema italiano è invece Margherita Buy, che ne ha vinti altrettanti (su 16 candidature)
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