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Demographics of Serbia and Montenegro

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Ethnic map of Serbia
Ethnic map of Montenegro

Demographics of Serbia and Montenegro refers to demographics of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006), previously known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1992-2003). In 1992, after the dissolution of former Yugoslavia, two remaining Yugoslav federal units, the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro, formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, that was transformed in 2003 into the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, lasting until its dissolution in 2006, when Serbia and Montenegro became independent states.

The total population of Serbia and Montenegro was 10,600,000 (Serbia - 9,981,929; Montenegro - 620,000).[when?] In 2000, in Serbia, 19.95% of the population was 14 and under (male 1,028,355; female 963,366); in Montenegro, it was 22.05% (male 77,582; female 72,395). 65.22% of Serbians (male 3,187,746; female 3,322,425) and 66.16% of Montenegrins (male 222,095; female 227,923) were between 15 and 64. 14.83% of Serbians (male 638,204; female 841,833) and 11.79% of Montenegrins (male 32,400; female 47,763) were 65 and over.

Estimates in 2000 placed Serbia's population growth rate at 0.739% and Montenegro's at -12.22%. The respective birth rates were 12.20/1000 (Serbia) and 14.9/1000 (Montenegro); death rates were 11.08/1000 (Serbia) and 7.9/1000 (Montenegro). The net migration rate was 6.29/1000 in Serbia and -29.18/1,000 in Montenegro. Total fertility rates were 1.7 children/woman in Serbia and 2.0 children/woman in Montenegro.

Demographics of Serbia and Montenegro, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

In 2000, Serbia's infant mortality rate was 20.13 deaths/1,000 live births; Montenegro's was 10.97 deaths/1,000 live births. Total life expectancy at birth was 72.39 years in Serbia (69.31 for males, 75.72 for females) and 75.46 in Montenegro (71.45 for males, 79.82 for females).

Ethnic groups in the region were represented as follows: Serb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Yugoslav 3.4%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 9.2% (as of 1001). In terms of religion, 65% of inhabitants were Eastern Orthodox, 19% Muslim, 4% Roman Catholic, 1% Protestant 1%, and 11% other. The main languages spoken in Serbia and Montenegro are Serbian, Albanian, Croatian, Bosnian and Hungarian.

In 2002, 96.4% of the population aged 15 and over could read and write (98.9% of males, 94.1% of females).

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1880 2,089,183—    
1890 2,642,142+26.5%
1900 3,204,240+21.3%
1910 3,826,034+19.4%
1921 5,337,714+39.5%
1931 6,048,272+13.3%
1948 6,727,766+11.2%
1953 7,244,433+7.7%
1961 8,114,121+12.0%
1971 9,276,125+14.3%
1981 10,014,936+8.0%
1991 10,532,601+5.2%
2002 10,402,186−1.2%
2011 10,625,593+2.1%
2015 10,729,223+1.0%

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References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.