Emperor Rokujō

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Emperor of Japan
ReignAugust 3, 1165 – April 9, 1168
BornDecember 28, 1164
DiedAugust 23, 1176(1176-08-23) (aged 11)
Seikanū-ji no Misasagi (Kyoto)
FatherEmperor Nijō

Emperor Rokujō (六条天皇 Rokujō-tennō) (December 28, 1164 – August 23, 1176) was the 79th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1165 through 1168.[1]


Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his imina)[2] was Nobuhito-shinnō.[3] He was as Yoshihito- or Toshihito-shinnō.[4]

He was the son of Emperor Nijō. He left no children.

Events of Rokujō's life[edit]

He was made Crown Prince before his first birthday, and was enthroned at the age of 8 months.

  • 1165 (Eiman 1): The infant son of Emperor Nijō was named heir apparent (and this Crown Prince will soon become Emperor Rokujō.[5]
  • 1165 (Eiman 1, 25th day of the 6th month): In the 7th year of Nijō-tennō 's reign (桓武天皇七年), the emperor fell so very ill that he abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by his son. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Rokujō is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).[6]
  • 1165 (Eiman 1, 27th–28th day of the 7th month): The former- Emperor Nijō died at age 22.[7]

He was pressured by the Taira clan to abdicate in favor of his uncle, who became Emperor Takakura.

  • 1168 (Nin'an 3, 19th day of the 2nd month): In the 3rd year of Rokujō-tennō 's reign (六条天皇三年), the emperor was deposed by his grandfather, and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his uncle, the seventh son of the retired-Emperor Go-Shirakawa.[8]
  • 1168 (Nin'an 3, 19th day of the 2nd month): Emperor Takakura is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’), and he is proclaimed emperor.[9]
  • 1168 (Nin'an 3, 20th day of the 3rd month): Takakura succeeds Rokujo on the Chrysanthemum Throne.[5]

Rokujō died at the age of eleven. Because of his youth, he had neither consorts nor children. Government affairs were run by his grandfather, Retired Emperor Go-Shirakawa as cloistered emperor. His imperial mausoleum is designated as Seikanji no misasagi (清閑寺陵), located in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto.


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Rokujō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Emperor Rokujō's reign[edit]

The years of Rokujō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[12]



See also[edit]


Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 194–195; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 329–330; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 212.
  2. ^ Brown, pp. 264; n.b., up until the time of Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors (their imina) were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 329; Varley, p. 212.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 194.
  5. ^ a b Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p.783.
  6. ^ Titsingh, p. 194; Brown, p. 329; Varley, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  7. ^ Brown, p. 328; Kitagawa, p.783.
  8. ^ Brown, p. 330; Varley, p. 44
  9. ^ Titsingh, p. 195; Varley, p. 44.
  10. ^ a b c d e Brown, p. 329.
  11. ^ a b c Brown, p. 330.
  12. ^ Titsingh, p. 194-195; Brown, p. 328.
  13. ^ "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 28 October 2018.


Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Nijō
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Takakura