Evelyn Leonora Almina Herbert
15 August 1901
|Died||31 January 1980 (aged 79)|
|Known for||Present at the opening of Tutankhamun's tomb|
(m. 1923; d. 1976)
Lady Evelyn Leonora Almina Beauchamp (née Herbert; 15 August 1901 – 31 January 1980) was the daughter of George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon. In November 1922, she, her father and the archaeologist Howard Carter were the first people in modern times to enter both the tomb and inner burial chamber of the Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamun. She later married Sir Brograve Beauchamp and had a daughter. Lady Evelyn died in 1980, at the age of 79.
Lady Evelyn Leonora Almina Herbert was born on 15 August 1901, the second child and only daughter of George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon and Almina Herbert, Countess of Carnarvon. Her older brother is Henry Herbert, 6th Earl of Carnarvon.
Lady Evelyn was launched as a debutante and presented at court in 1919. In the winters of 1921 and 1922, she accompanied her parents to Cairo where they attended receptions at the High Commission Residency during the Cairo seasons of 1921 and 1922. It was here that she met her future husband, Brograve Beauchamp, the son of the Liberal MP Sir Edward Beauchamp, who continued to visit her when they both returned to England.
Lord and Lady Carnarvon often spent the winter in Egypt, where they bought antiquities for their collection in England. In 1906 Lord Carnarvon obtained a concession to excavate a site near Luxor, and later one within the Valley of the Kings.
From 1907, Lord Carnarvon employed Howard Carter to supervise the excavation work. By 1922 little of significance had been found and Lord Carnarvon decided this would be the final year he would fund the work.
However on 4 November 1922, Carter was able to send a telegram to Lord Carnarvon, in England at the time, saying:
"At last have made wonderful discovery in Valley; a magnificent tomb with seals intact; re-covered same for your arrival; congratulations".
Lady Evelyn accompanied her father, and by 24 November 1922 both had arrived in Egypt and were present when the full extent of the stairway to the tomb was cleared and a seal containing the Pharaoh Tutankhamun’s cartouche was found over the doorway. This door was opened and the rubble filled corridor behind cleared, revealing the door to the main tomb. This door, and the main tomb, were to be officially opened under the supervision of the Egyptian Department of Antiquities on 29 November. However on the 26th and 27th, Carter, his assistant Arthur Challender, Lord Carnarvon and Lady Evelyn made one or more unauthorised visits inside the tomb, becoming the first people in modern times to enter it. Challender rigged up electric lighting, illuminating a jumble of items, including gilded couches, chests, thrones, and shrines. They also found two more sealed doorways, including one to the inner burial chamber, guarded by two life-size statues of Tutankhamun. A small hole was found in this doorway and Carter, Carnarvon and Lady Evelyn crawled through it into the inner burial chamber. The diary of Lord Carnarvon’s half-brother Mervyn Herbert, although not a first-hand account, notes that Lady Evelyn, being the smallest of the party, was the first person to enter the burial chamber.
Lady Evelyn and her father travelled to England in December 1922, the two returning in January 1923 to be present at the official opening of the inner burial chamber on 16 February. The same month Brograve Beauchamp visited with his parents, Howard Carter providing a tour of Tutankhamun’s Tomb. Soon afterwards Lord Carnarvon contracted blood poisoning and died in Cairo on 5 April 1923. Lady Evelyn left Egypt to return to England with her brother, Lady Carnarvon following with Lord Carnarvon's remains a week later. This was Lady Evelyn's last visit to Egypt. She did, however, maintain contact with Howard Carter and was present at his funeral at Putney Vale Cemetery in 1939.
Lady Evelyn attended the opening of the Tutankhamun 50th anniversary celebrations in 1972, including the Treasures of Tutankhamun exhibition at the British Museum, London, where she was presented to the Queen who was there to open the exhibition.
Marriage and later life
Brograve became a baronet on the death of his father in February 1925. He served as Conservative Member of Parliament for Walthamstow East from 1931 to 1945, and died 25 August 1976 at the age of 79.
In popular culture
Lady Evelyn Herbert has been portrayed in both films and television productions:
- By Angharad Rees in the 1980 Columbia Pictures Television production The Curse of King Tut's Tomb.
- By Alexandra Weaver in the 2005 BBC TV docudrama series Egypt, episode two: The Curse of Tutankhamun.
- By Amy Wren in the 2016 British ITV series Tutankhamun.
- In The Mummy the character Evelyn Carnahan is named in tribute to Lady Evelyn Carnarvon, whose father is described as one of Egyptology's "finest patrons", and a "famous explorer".
Notes and references
- "Burke's Peerage".
- William Cross. Carnarvon, Carter and Tutankhamun Revisited: The Hidden Truths and Doomed Relationships. p. 48-9 Published by author. 2016. ISBN 9781905914364.
- "Lady Evelyn Herbert : Debutante of 1920".
- Harry Burton’s photos of Tutankhamun’s Tomb, Griffith Institute Archive.
- Bill Price. Tutankhamun, Egypt's Most Famous Pharaoh. p. 119-128. Published Pocket Essentials, Hertfordshire. 2007. ISBN 9781842432402.
- H. V. F. Winstone (2006). Howard Carter and the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun (rev. ed.). Manchester: Barzan. ISBN 1-905521-04-9.
- Carnarvon, Fiona (2011). Highclere Castle. Highclere Enterprises. p. 59.
- "Howard Carter's diary entry for 25-27 November 1922".
- Reeves, C. N. (1990). Valley of the Kings: the decline of a royal necropolis. London: Kegan Paul. p. 63. ISBN 0-7103-0368-8.
- "Howard Carter's diaries 28 Oct-31 Dec 1922".
- "Burke's Peerage, 2003 page 699".
- Thomas Hoving. Tutankhamun: The Untold Story. p. Cooper Square Publishing, USA. 1978. ISBN 9780815411864.
- "Howard Carter's diaries 1 Jan- 31 May 1923".
- "Report of Carnarvon's death". New York Times. 5 April 1923. Retrieved 12 August 2008.
- "For example, Evelyn was the first person Carter visited on a 1923 trip to London, see his diary 30 May".
- William Cross. Carnarvon, Carter and Tutankhamun Revisited: The Hidden Truths and Doomed Relationships. p. 97 Published by author. 2016. ISBN 9781905914364.
- William Cross. Carnarvon, Carter and Tutankhamun Revisited: The Hidden Truths and Doomed Relationships. p. 55 Published by author. 2016. ISBN 9781905914364.
- "Burke's Peerage, 1970 page 206".
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Parliamentary Research Services. p. 468. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Birth and death records
- "The Guardian 22 July 2012 Angharad Rees obituary". Retrieved 6 November 2018.
- "BBC Genome: The Curse of Tutankhamun, 2005". Retrieved 6 November 2018.
- "Radio Times.com 23 Nov 2016 Did Howard Carter and Evelyn Carnarvon have a romantic relationship?". Retrieved 14 January 2018.
- "Catalogue of the Deutschen National Bibliothek". Retrieved 14 January 2018.
- "Bastei Luebbe, Publisher". Retrieved 14 January 2018.