Galindo Mellado Cruz
Galindo Mellado Cruz
|Died||9 May 2014 (aged 41)|
|Cause of death||Multiple gunshot wounds|
Galdino Mellado Cruz
|Organization||Los Zetas |
Galdino or Galindo Mellado Cruz (18 April 1973 – 9 May 2014), commonly referred to by his alias El Mellado and/or Z-9, was a Mexican suspected drug lord and one of the founders of Los Zetas, a criminal organization originally formed by ex-commandos from the Mexican Armed Forces. He joined the Mexican Army in 1992 and was part of the Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales (GAFE), an elite special forces unit of the Army. In 1999, he withdrew from the military and was recruited by the Gulf Cartel, a drug trafficking organization, shortly thereafter.
With other ex-commandos, he formed Los Zetas, a group that worked as the Gulf Cartel's military wing. In 2010, the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas broke relations and Mellado Cruz sided with the former to maintain a low profile status. He was killed in a gunfight against Mexican security forces in Reynosa, Tamaulipas, on 9 May 2014.
Early life and career
Galindo Mellado Cruz (also Galdino) was born in Tampico Alto, Veracruz, Mexico on 18 April 1973.[A 1] According to the Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA), Mellado Cruz joined the Mexican Armed Forces as a soldier in the Mexican Army on 1 September 1992. During his tenure in the military, he was part of the Grupo Aeromóvil de Fuerzas Especiales (GAFE), an elite special forces unit of the Army, where he received top military training. On 1 May 1999, however, he applied to be discharged from the Army. Shortly thereafter, he was recruited by the Gulf Cartel, a Mexican drug trafficking organization, and began working for the drug kingpin Osiel Cárdenas Guillén along with several other ex-commandos from the Army.
The group of former soldiers recruited by the Gulf Cartel became known as Los Zetas, and Mellado Cruz was part of the original fourteen founders of the group. The group's members were Arturo Guzmán Decena (alias "Z-1"), the leader; Alejandro Lucio Morales Betancourt (alias "Z-2"); Heriberto Lazcano Lazcano (alias "El Lazca"), Mateo Díaz López (alias "Z-6"); Jesús Enrique Rejón Aguilar (alias "El Mamito"); Óscar Guerrero Silva (alias "Z-8"); Omar Lorméndez Pitalúa (alias "Z-9"); Efraín Teodoro Torres (alias "Z-14"); Mellado Cruz (also known by his alias "Z-6" and "El Mellado"), among other ex-commandos. Throughout the late 1990s and early 2000s, Los Zetas were the Gulf Cartel's military wing and had the task of protecting Cárdenas Guillén and killing rival cartel members.
When Cárdenas Guillén was arrested by Mexican security forces in Matamoros, Tamaulipas, on 14 March 2003, the leadership of the Gulf Cartel was handed over to his brother Antonio Cárdenas Guillén (alias "Tony Tormenta") and Jorge Eduardo Costilla Sánchez (alias "El Coss"). The leadership of Los Zetas, on the other hand, was kept under the control of Lazcano Lazcano. However, Cárdenas Guillén allegedly continued to command the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas behind bars; with his extradition to the United States in 2007, Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel kept their alliance under a loose relationship, but each of their respective leaders attempted to fill the leadership void. Following several disagreements and internal power struggles, both criminal organizations broke their alliance and declared war at each other in early 2010.
According to information from U.S. law enforcement, Mellado Cruz sided with the Gulf Cartel after the split in order to maintain a low-profile status and avoid public attention. Under the Gulf Cartel, he allegedly oversaw organized crime activities at the U.S.-Mexico border area known as La Ribereña, which encompasses the municipalities of Camargo and Miguel Alemán in Tamaulipas. Sometime between 2010 and 2014, Mellado Cruz escaped from two prisons in Tamaulipas after being imprisoned for rape, armed robbery, homicide, and drug trafficking. He also had thirteen pending criminal investigations for homicide, kidnapping, extortion, and drug trafficking accusations.
Kingpin Act sanction
On 24 March 2010, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Mellado Cruz under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (sometimes referred to simply as the "Kingpin Act"), for his involvement in drug trafficking along with fifty-three other international criminals and ten foreign entities. The act prohibited U.S. citizens and companies from doing any kind of business activity with him, and virtually froze all his assets in the U.S.
On 9 May 2014, Mellado Cruz was killed in a shootout against Mexican federal security forces at a domicile in Las Fuentes neighborhood in Reynosa, Tamaulipas. During the firefight, grenades detonated and shots were exchanged between law enforcement and Mellado Cruz's aides. Gulf Cartel gunmen set roadblocks and threw road spikes throughout Reynosa's streets to prevent the mobilization of reinforcements from the military. Reinforcements from organized crime arrived at the scene in an attempt to save his life, but he was shot dead inside the property. Following his death, the gunmen left the premises. The firefight left five more gunmen associated with him dead, along with a Mexican Army soldier.
Inside the house, authorities discovered several assault rifles, including a Barrett 50 rifle and AK-47s, along with grenades, cartridges, and other weapons the criminals used to combat law enforcement. Mellado Cruz's death came amid an internal power struggle within the Gulf Cartel, as rival factions within the organization fight for the control of Reynosa and the rest of Tamaulipas with each other and Los Zetas, their former allies. Days prior to his death, gunfights in Reynosa had left a total of at least 23 dead, including two innocent bystanders, a couple of federal policemen, a soldier, and eighteen suspected criminals.
In order to confirm the drug lord's identity, the Mexican government carried out forensic anthropology studies, where they analyzed the corpse's pictures with the photos from Mellado Cruz's time in the military. They also compared the corpse's fingerprints and DNA samples with the ones they had on file in the Mexican Armed Forces database. The following day, authorities apprehended Ricardo Flores López (also known as Pedro Luis Hernández Campos), the alleged second-in-command behind Mellado Cruz and the cartel's chief in Miguel Alemán, Tamaulipas.
- "Recent OFAC Actions". United States Department of the Treasury. 2010. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Ley Transparencia (SEDENA)" (in Spanish). Secretariat of National Defense (Mexico). 2006. Archived from the original on 11 March 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Mensaje a medios del Comisionado Nacional de Seguridad, Monte Alejandro Rubidio García" (in Spanish). Los Pinos: Government of Mexico. 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "Matan al fundador del cártel más sanguinario de México" (in Spanish). Clarín. 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- Badillo, Jesús (12 May 2014). "El líder Zeta entrenado en la élite del Ejército" (in Spanish). Milenio. Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "¿Quién era el Z-9, el ex militar fundador de Los Zetas?" (in Spanish). Red Política. El Universal (Mexico City). 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- Logan, Samuel (16 February 2012). "A Profile of Los Zetas: Mexico's Second Most Powerful Drug Cartel". Combating Terrorism Center. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- "Drug boss captured in Mexico". BBC News. 15 March 2003. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- Gómez, Francisco (8 November 2010). "El Coss, nuevo "amo" del grupo". El Universal (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- Aponte, David (5 January 2005). "Líderes narcos pactan en La Palma trasriego de droga". El Universal (Mexico City) (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- Roebuck, Jeremy (February 2013). "Indictment describes shifts in Gulf-Zeta relationship". The Brownsville Herald. Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
- Ortiz, Ildefonso (18 March 2013). "Gulf Cartel infighting reignites with Reynosa firefights". The Monitor (Texas). Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Ortiz, Ildefonso (11 May 2014). "Original Zeta member believed to be among dead in Reynosa firefight". The Monitor (Texas). Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- Ortiz, Ildefonso (1 May 2014). "Authorities: 16 dead amid Gulf Cartel infighting in Reynosa". The Brownsville Herald. Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- Redacción AN (12 May 2014). "Abaten al 'Z-9' en Reynosa, confirma el gobierno federal" (in Spanish). Aristegui Noticias. Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "DESIGNATIONS PURSUANT TO THE FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN DESIGNATION ACT" (PDF). United States Department of the Treasury. 15 May 2014. p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "An overview of the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act" (PDF). United States Department of the Treasury. 2009. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "Mexico: A Zetas founder among 6 dead in shootout". USA Today. The Associated Press. 11 May 2014. Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- "Reynosa: Habría muerto el Z-9" (in Spanish). El Nuevo Heraldo. 2014. Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- Wilson, Steve (13 May 2014). "Founder of ultra-violent Zetas drug cartel killed in Mexico". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "Confirman el abatimiento de El Mellado, fundador de Los Zetas" (in Spanish). Proceso. 12 May 2014. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- Pérez Silva, Ciro (15 May 2014). "Confirma Rubido García muerte del fundador de los 'zetas', Galindo Mellado" (in Spanish). La Jornada. Archived from the original on 4 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- Lohmuller, Michael (12 May 2014). "Mexico Kills Zetas Founder As Cartel's Decline Continues". InSight Crime. Archived from the original on 19 May 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- Vicenteño, David (12 May 2014). "Confirma Segob la muerte de 'El Mellado', fundador de Los Zetas" (in Spanish). Excélsior. Archived from the original on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- Grayson, George W.; Logan, Samuel (2012). The Executioner's Men: Los Zetas, Rogue Soldiers, Criminal Entrepreneurs, and the Shadow State They Created. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 1412846641.