Geography of Martinique

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Coordinates: 14°40′N 61°00′W / 14.667°N 61.000°W / 14.667; -61.000

Nickname: Island of Flowers
Martinique relief location map.jpg
Map of Martinique
LocationCaribbean Sea
Coordinates14°40′N 61°00′W / 14.667°N 61.000°W / 14.667; -61.000
ArchipelagoWindward Islands
Area1,060 km2 (410 sq mi)
Coastline350 km (217 mi)
Highest elevation1,397 m (4,583 ft)
Highest pointMontagne Pelee
Overseas departmentMartinique
Largest settlementFort-de-France (pop. 134,727)
Population429,510 (2008)
Pop. density405.2 /km2 (1,049.5 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsAfrican and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, Indian Tamil or East Indian, Chinese less than 5%

Martinique is an island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Cuba and north of Trinidad and Tobago. It is part of the French West Indies.


total: 1,100 km²
land: 1,060 km²
water: 40 km²

Area - comparative: slightly more than six times the size of the City of Washington, D.C.

Land boundaries: 0 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)
territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating hurricanes every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees Celsius; humid

Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land

Land use:
arable land: 8%
permanent crops: 8%
permanent pastures: 17%
forests and woodland: 44%
other: 23% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 40 km² (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)

Extreme points[edit]


Martinique can be separated by the north, central, and southern portions of the island. The north contains mountainous terrain and a volcano, Mt. Pelee. Black sand beaches exist in this region due to volcanism. The central zone is covered by the Pitons du Carbet- a mountain chain that reaches 1,207 meters (3,960 ft). Fields and pastures occupy the south along with numerous beaches. [1]

See also[edit]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

  1. ^ "Geography of Martinique, Caribbean island - MartinicaOnline". martinicaonline.com. Retrieved 2019-05-20.

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