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Government Center station (Miami)

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Government Center
Metrorail metro station
Metromover people mover station
Miami Government Center from East.jpg
Government Center station is located at the base of the Stephen P. Clark Government Center building
Location101 NW 1st Street (Metrorail)
138 NW 3rd Street (Metromover)
Miami, Florida
Coordinates25°46′33″N 80°11′45″W / 25.77583°N 80.19583°W / 25.77583; -80.19583Coordinates: 25°46′33″N 80°11′45″W / 25.77583°N 80.19583°W / 25.77583; -80.19583
Owned byMiami-Dade County
Platforms
Tracks
  • 2 (Metrorail)
  • 2 (Metromover)
Connections
Construction
Structure typeElevated
Platform levels4
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeGVT
History
Opened
  • May 20, 1984 (Metrorail)
  • April 17, 1986 (Metromover)
Traffic
Passengers (2011)3.2 million[1] (Metrorail) Increase 3%
Passengers (Feb 2014)299,806[2] (Metrorail (Miami))
Passengers (Feb 2014)210,134[2] (Metromover)
Services
Preceding station Logo Miami-Dade County.svg Miami-Dade Transit Following station
Brickell Green Line Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre
toward Palmetto
Orange Line Historic Overtown/Lyric Theatre
Downtown Express Terminus
Third Street Omni Loop Wilkie D. Ferguson Jr.
One-way operation
Third Street Brickell Loop
Miami Avenue
One-way operation
Inner Loop Wilkie D. Ferguson Jr.
Next clockwise
Location
Government Center station is located in Central Miami
Government Center station
Government Center station
Location within Central Miami
Government Center station is located in Miami
Government Center station
Government Center station
Government Center station (Miami)

Government Center station is an intermodal transit hub in the Government Center district of Downtown Miami, Florida. It is operated by Miami-Dade Transit and serves as a transfer station for the Metrorail and Metromover rapid transit systems and as a bus station for Metrobus, Paratransit, and Broward County Transit buses. The station is located near the intersection of Northwest First Street and First Avenue, a part of the Stephen P. Clark Government Center Building. It opened to service May 20, 1984, next to the site of a former FEC railway station which is now Virgin MiamiCentral.

History[edit]

Metrorail and Metromover station[edit]

Schematic of 2018 rapid transit and passenger rail service in the Miami metropolitan area

Development of the civic center was reinvigorated during the 1970s and early 1980s during a Downtown building boom. The boom spurred the development and construction the Stephen P. Clark Government Center, Metrorail, Metromover, and the Miami-Dade Cultural Plaza, which currently includes the Miami Art Museum, the Historical Museum of Southern Florida and the Miami Main Library.

Construction on the present-day Government Center station began in June 1982. The station was primarily designed by the Cambridge Seven Associates in collaboration with Edward D. Stone. The station was built by the Frank J. Rooney Construction Company. Metrorail service, between Overtown and Kendall, following the precise route of the FEC, commenced service May 1984.

An unused, partially completed ghost platform for a future East-West Metrorail line is adjacent to the west side of the mezzanine level below the current Metrorail station and is easily visible to passengers transferring from Metromover to Metrorail. This platform was part of the original design concept which interfaced with the atrium of the Miami-Dade County Administration Building, and the people mover station.

Florida East Coast Railroad station[edit]

Next to Government Center station is the former site of a railroad station developed in April 1896 as the southern terminus of Henry Flagler's Florida East Coast Railway (FEC). The downtown passenger terminal was demolished by November 1963.[3] The FEC still owns the old station site, which was occupied by parking lots until 2014. It is now Virgin MiamiCentral, an intermodal transit hub. It has been served by Brightline (now Virgin Trains USA) higher-speed inter-city trains since 2018, and is planned to be served by Tri-Rail commuter trains starting in 2019. Government Center station is directly connected to Virgin MiamiCentral via a pedestrian bridge over NW 3rd Street.[4]

Station layout[edit]

A Metromover car waiting on the lower level of the Government Center station.
A Metrorail train is approaching the upper level of the Government Center station with the Dade County Courthouse in the background.

The first floor of the complex is on the ground level of the Stephen P. Clark Government Center and includes the platform for the Downtown Loop of Metromover. The second floor of the complex includes the main fare control for Metrorail and platforms for the Brickell and Omni Metromover loops, as well as the Metrofare Shops area. The third floor of the complex is a mezzanine for transfers between the two services. A ghost platform for a never-built east-west Metrorail line is located on this level. The fourth floor of the complex is the Metrorail platform. It is the highest transit platform of the Miami-Dade Transit system in height and can hold up to eight Metrorail cars.

4F Southbound      Downtown Express toward Dadeland South (Brickell)
     Green Line,      Orange Line toward Dadeland South (Brickell)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Northbound      Green Line toward Palmetto (Historic Overtown)
     Orange Line toward Miami International Airport (Historic Overtown)
     Downtown Express alighting passengers only →
3F Mezzanine Transfer between Metromover and Metrorail, site of ghost platforms
2F Side platform, doors will open on the right
Outer loop      Brickell Loop toward Financial District (Third Street)
Outer loop      Omni Loop toward School Board (Third Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Metrofare Shops, Metrorail fare control
Pedestrian bridge to Virgin MiamiCentral
1F Inner loop      Inner Loop clockwise (Wilkie D. Ferguson Jr.)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
G Street level Exit/entrance and buses

Places of interest[edit]

Transit connections[edit]

Government Center with the Dade County Courthouse in the background and the Historical Museum of Southern Florida in the foreground on the right

Metrobus[edit]

Route # Route Name Route Map Note
2 The Mall at 163rd Street via NW 2 Ave and North Miami Avenue Map Weekend service terminates at NE 84 St and 2 Ave
3 Aventura Mall via Biscayne Boulevard Map 24-hour service
7 Dolphin Mall via NW 7 St Map
9 Aventura Mall via NE 2 Ave Map
11 Downtown MiamiFlorida International University (FIU) Modesto Maidique Campus via Flagler Street and West 107 Ave (SR 985) Map 24-hour service; alternate terminus at Mall of the Americas
21 Northside station via West 12 Ave Map
51 Flagler MAX (Downtown Miami ↔ West Miami to West 137 Ave via Flagler St) Map Weekdays only; limited-stop
77 Downtown Miami ↔ Miami Gardens at Miami Gardens Drive/North 183 St or 199 St via NW 7 and NW 2 Ave. (US 441) Map
93 Biscayne MAX (Aventura via Biscayne Boulevard) Map Weekdays only; limited-stop
95 95 Express (Golden Glades Tri-Rail station and Park and Ride Lot via I-95) Map Afternoon rush hours only
S (119) Aventura Mall via Miami Beach and Collins Avenue Map 24 hour service
120 Beach MAX (Aventura Mall via Miami Beach and Collins Ave) Map Limited-stop
207 Little Havana Connection (Downtown Miami ↔ Little Havana via SW 7 St & 1 St) Map
208 Little Havana Connection (Downtown Miami ↔ Little Havana via Flagler Street & SW 8 St) Map
246 Night Owl (Downtown Miami ↔ The Mall at 163rd St via Civic Center) Map Overnight service only
277 NW 7th Ave MAX (Downtown Miami ↔ Golden Glades station via NW 7 Ave) Map Weekday rush hour only; limited-stop
500 Midnight OWL (Downtown Miami ↔ Dadeland South station) Map Overnight service only

BCT[edit]

Route # Route Name Route Map Note
95 95 Express (Downtown Miami ↔ Pines Boulevard (SR 820) at Flamingo Road (SR 823) via I-95 and Pines Blvd) Map Weekday rush hour only; limited-stop
595 595 Express (Sunrise BB&T Center ↔ Downtown Miami and Brickell via I-95) Map[permanent dead link] Weekday rush hour only; limited stop

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.miamidade.gov/transit/news_technical_reports_archive.asp[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b "RIDERSHIP TECHNICAL REPORT". Miami-Dade County Transit. Retrieved 2 June 2014.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Howe, Ward Allan (Nov 3, 1963). "THE FLORIDA RUN: Railroads Anticipating a Busy Winter—New Schedule Effective Dec. 13" (PDF). New York Times. p. XX13. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
  4. ^ "Connection Made: Pedestrian Bridge Installed Between MiamiCentral, Government Center Station". The Next Miami. October 8, 2018. Archived from the original on November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.

External links[edit]