Government of Russia

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Government of Russia
Прави́тельство Росси́йской Федера́ции
Government.ru logo.svg
Established25 December 1993
StateRussian Federation
LeaderPrime Minister
Appointed byPresident
Main organCouncil of Ministers
Responsible toState Duma

The government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation. The members of the government are the Prime Minister, the deputy prime ministers, and the federal ministers. It has its legal basis in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the federal constitutional law "On the Government the Russian Federation".[1]

According to the 1991 amendment to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the President of Russia was the head of the executive branch and headed the Council of Ministers of Russia. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the President is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power. But, the President does appoint the Prime Minister. The Chapter 6 of the Constitution of Russia says, that "The Government of the Russian Federation consists of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (Prime Minister), Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministries".


After the fall of the Soviet Union, the Russian Council of Ministers had become the main executive body. At some points it contained over 69 state committees, 16–17 ministers, 5 federal services, and over 46 governmental agencies. After the 2004 reform, government duties were split between 17 ministries, 5 federal services, and over 30 governmental agencies. The Russian Federation practices asymmetrical federalism. This means that not all regions are treated equally and that some regions have been given more autonomy than others. There are 7 super regions (federal districts) with a super governor that answers to the President. Those super regions include the South, Central, North-West, Far East, Siberia, Ural, Volga, and North Caucasus. They were established in May 2000.

The prime minister, currently Dmitry Medvedev, is appointed by the president (currently Vladimir Putin), and confirmed by the State Eliza. He or she succeeds to the presidency if the current president dies, is incapacitated, or resigns.

Corruption is common and widespread in the government. According to 2018 results of Corruption Perception Index of Transparency International, Russia ranked 138th place out of 180 countries with a score of 28 out of 100. Multiple anti biggest stances taken against corruption is the formation of the Anti-Corruption Council in 2008.


The large body was preceded by Government of the Soviet Union. Since the Russian Federation emerged in 1991 to 1992, the government's structure has undergone several major changes. In the initial years, a large number of government bodies, primarily the different ministries, underwent massive reorganization as the old Soviet governing networks were adapted to the new state. Many reshuffles and renamings occurred.

On 28 November 1991, President of the RSFSR Boris Yeltsin signed presidential decree No.242 "On reorganization of the government bodies of the RSFSR". Yeltsin officially declared the end of the Soviet Union and became the President of the Russian Federation. Yeltsin was a reformer and promised Western-styled democracy.

In 1993 the new Russian Constitution was adopted. The new Constitution gained legitimacy through its bicameral legislature, independent judiciary, the position of the president and the prime minister, and democratic features. These democratic features included competitive multi-party elections, separation of powers, federalism, and protection of civil liberties.

In 1999, Yeltsin appointed Vladimir Putin as the Prime Minister. Later in that year, Yeltsin resigned from the presidency and Putin took over. In 2000 Putin won the presidential election.

The most recent change took place on 18 May 2018, when President Vladimir Putin signed a presidential decree on forming Dmitry Medvedev's Second Cabinet.[2]

Responsibilities and power[edit]

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The Government is the subject of the 6th chapter of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. According to the constitution, the government of the Russian Federation must:

  1. draft and submit the federal budget to the State Duma; ensure the implementation of the budget and report on its implementation to the State Duma;
  2. ensure the implementation of a uniform financial, credit and monetary policy in the Russian Federation ;
  3. ensure the implementation of a uniform state policy in the areas of culture, science, education, health protection, social security and ecology;
  4. manage federal property;
  5. adopt measures to ensure the country's defense, state security, and the implementation of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation;
  6. implement measures to ensure the rule of law, human rights and freedoms, the protection of property and public order, and crime control;
  7. exercise any other powers vested in it by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and presidential decrees.[3]

The government issues its acts in the way of decisions (Постановления) and orders (Распоряжения). These must not contradict the constitution, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, and Presidential decrees, and are signed by the Prime Minister.

The Government, also assists the Prime Minister, in faithfully carrying out the country's domestic and foreign policy as determined by the President, in general.

Current Cabinet[edit]

The cabinet consists of the following members:[4]

Federal Cabinet of Russia
Office Name Political party
Chairman of the Government Dmitry Medvedev United Russia
Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov United Russia
Minister of Internal Affairs Vladimir Kolokoltsev United Russia
Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov United Russia
Minister of Defense Sergei Shoygu United Russia
Minister of Emergency Situations Yevgeny Zinichev
Minister of Justice Aleksandr Konovalov United Russia
Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov United Russia
Minister for Economic Development Maxim Oreshkin
Minister of Health Veronika Skvortsova
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Maxim Topilin United Russia
Minister of Enlightenment Olga Vasilyeva
Minister of Science and Higher Education Mikhail Kotyukov
Minister of Transportation Yevgeny Dietrich
Minister of Construction Industry, Housing and Utilities Sector Vladimir Yakushev United Russia
Minister for Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Dmitry Kobylkin United Russia
Minister of Energy Alexander Novak United Russia
Minister of Culture Vladimir Medinsky United Russia
Minister of Sports Pavel Kolobkov
Minister of Digital Development, Telecom and Mass Communications Konstantin Noskov
Minister of Agriculture Dmitry Patrushev
Minister for Russian Far East Affairs Alexander Kozlov United Russia
Minister for North Caucasus Affairs Sergey Chebotarev
Offices with the status of Minister
First Deputy Chairman Anton Siluanov United Russia
Deputy Chairman and Head of the Government Administration Konstantin Chuychenko United Russia
Deputy Chairman and Presidential Plenipotentiary Envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev United Russia
Deputy Chairman for Culture and Sport Olga Golodets
Deputy Chairman for Social Affairs Tatyana Golikova
Deputy Chairman for Construction Industry Vitaly Mutko United Russia
Deputy Chairman for Digital Economy, Transportation and Telecom Maxim Akimov United Russia
Deputy Chairman for Defense Industry Yury Borisov
Deputy Chairman for Agriculture Industry Alexey Gordeyev United Russia

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Russian Government web portal – Text of 1997 Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of the Russian Federation" (in Russian)
  2. ^ "Putin Leaves Russian Cabinet Little-Changed, Brings In Close Ally's Son". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved May 18, 2018.
  3. ^ The Constitution of the Russian Federation: Chapter 6 Archived October 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Governmental Structure

External links[edit]