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Grand Mosque of Paris

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Grande Mosquée de Paris
Grande Mosquée de Paris.JPG
The Paris Mosque, with its minaret on the left
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
LocationParis, France
Geographic coordinates48°50′31″N 2°21′18″E / 48.84194°N 2.35500°E / 48.84194; 2.35500
Architecture
Architectural typeMosque
Architectural styleMoorish style
Specifications
Minaret(s)1
Minaret height33 m
Website
www.mosqueedeparis.net

The Grande Mosquée de Paris (commonly known as The Paris Mosque or The Great Mosque of Paris in English), is located in the 5th arrondissement and is one of the largest mosques in France. There are prayer rooms, an outdoor garden, a small library, a gift shop, along with a cafe and restaurant. In all the mosque plays an important role in promoting the visibility of Islam and muslims in France. It is the oldest mosque in France metropolitan area.[1]

History[edit]

The construction of the mosque began in 1922 and was completed in 1926[2]. The mosque was conceived as a token of gratitude, after World War I, to the Muslim tirailleurs from France's colonial empire, of whom some 100,000[citation needed] died fighting against Germany. The mosque was built following the Moorish style,[3] and its minaret is 33 m high. It was inaugurated by President Gaston Doumergue on 15 July 1926. The Sufi Sheikh Ahmad al-Alawi led the first communal prayer to inaugurate the newly built mosque in the presence of the French president.[4]

During World War II (when France and Paris were occupied by Nazi Germany), the rector Si Kaddour Benghabrit managed the mosque to serve as a secret refuge for Algerian and European Jews. He ensured that they were provided shelter, safe passage, and fake Muslim birth certificates to protect them from German persecution.[5]

The mosque was assigned to Algeria in 1957 by the French Foreign Minister. The mosque is currently led by mufti Dalil Boubakeur.

Social Significance[edit]

The Grand Mosque of Paris plays an important role in French social society, promoting the visibility Islam and muslims. The rich history of the Grand Mosque serves as an example of the presence and significance of muslims in France throughout history. Furthermore, according to the Arab World's registry of mosques there are only about 121 mosques throughout France, many of which do not exist in permanent constructed spaces. Thus, the existence of the Grand Mosque of Paris carries a lot of meaning.[6]

Tourism[edit]

Today the Grand Mosque of Paris is the largest mosque in France and the third largest in Europe.[6] It is located in the 5th arrondissment in the Latin Quarter near the Jardin des Plantes and the Institut de Monde Arabe. The mosque a popular tourist destination as well as a place of prayer, offering guided tours in French of the building. There are also large Turkish marble baths that visitors can enjoy throughout the week.[6]

Controversies[edit]

In November 2012, a prayer room was set up in Paris by a member of the group 'Homosexual Muslims of France' Ludovic-Mohamed Zahed. The opening has been condemned by the Grand Mosque of Paris.[7]

Politics[edit]

The Grand Mosque of Paris urged voters to "follow the path of hope" by voting for Emmanuel Macron, instead of Marine Le Pen.[8]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ La-Croix.com (2009-11-30). "Mosquées et laïcité en France". La Croix (in French). Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  2. ^ Malek Chebel, "L’histoire de la mosquée de Paris", Au cœur de l'histoire in Europe 1, March 13th, 2012.
  3. ^ Renata Holod; Hasan-Uddin Khan; Kimberly Mims (15 October 1997). The contemporary mosque: architects, clients, and designs since the 1950s. Rizzoli. p. 228.
  4. ^ Mark Sedgwick (13 July 2009). Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century. Oxford University Press. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-19-539601-0.
  5. ^ Robert Satloff (October 8, 2006). "The Holocaust's Arab Heroes". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
  6. ^ a b c "The Great Mosque of Paris". Islami City. October 12, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2018.
  7. ^ Banerji, Robin (30 November 2012). "Gay-friendly 'mosque' opens in Paris". BBC News.
  8. ^ "Paris mosque urges Muslims to follow 'path of hope' by voting Macron". RT International. Retrieved 2017-06-25.

External links[edit]