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HMS Thunderer (1760)

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Ship of 74-gun model 1760.jpg
Model of a 74-gun ship, 3rd rate, circa 1760. Thought to be either HMS Hercules or HMS Thunderer from 1760.
History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: Thunderer
Ordered: 15 July 1756
Builder: Woolwich Dockyard
Launched: 19 March 1760
Fate: Wrecked, 1780
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Hercules-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 16093394 (bm)
Length: 166 ft 6 in (50.75 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 46 ft 6 in (14.17 m)
Depth of hold: 19 ft 9 in (6.02 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • 74 guns:
  • Lower gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarter deck: 14 × 9 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 4 × 9 pdrs
One of two cannons attributed to HMS Thunderer (1760), displayed at a rum cake factory on Grand Cayman Island.
Descriptive plaque at a cannon attributed to HMS Thunderer (1760).

HMS Thunderer was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 19 March 1760 at Woolwich.[1] She earned a battle honour in a single-ship action off Cadiz with the French ship Achille (64 guns) in 1761, during the Seven Years' War.

She foundered in the great hurricane in the West Indies in 1780,[1] reportedly 90 miles east of Jamaica on the Formigas Banks with the loss of all 617 on board.[2]

Among the lost sailors were Captain Robert Boyle Nicholas,[3] son of William Nicholas of Froyle, Hants, and Midshipman Nathaniel Cook (1764–1780), the second child of Captain James Cook.

Two cannons attributed to the ship are displayed at a rum cake factory on Grand Cayman Island. A plaque states that they were recovered in 1984 by the research vessel Beacon.[2]

External links[edit]

Media related to HMS Thunderer (ship, 1760) at Wikimedia Commons

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p176.
  2. ^ a b Tippin, pp. 45–50
  3. ^ Pedigree of Nicholas, of Winterbourne Earls. p. 96.

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003). The Ship of the Line – Volume 1: The Development of the Battlefleet 1650–1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Tippin, G. Lee; Humphreys, Jr., Herbert (1989). In search of the Golden Madonna: the treasure finders of the RV Beacon. Daring Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-93893-686-2.