Haj Fadel Government

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Haj Fadel Government
حكومة الحاج فاضل
Established6 November 1918 (1918-11-06)
Dissolved25 December 1918 (1918-12-25)
CountrySyria, Ottoman Empire  Ottoman Empire.
LeaderHaj Fadel Al-Aboud
Appointed byTribal Coalition
HeadquartersDeir al-Zour.

Haj Fadel Government (Arabic: حكومة الحاج فاضل‎) was a government formed during the Occupation of Zor in the eastern region of Syria and based in Deir al-Zour`s city after the departure of the Ottomans in 1918, headed by Haj Fadel Al-Aboud and named after him.[1][2]

Haj Fadel Aboud[edit]

Fadel Aboud Hassan was born in Deir al-Zour in 1872,[3][4] and his leadership traits had been evident since his early childhood, He was successful in leadership after he received it, although he did not receive an education, He also had a prominent social status in the city of Deir al-Zour, which enabled him to take over the leadership, inherited this status from his father Aboud Hassan. Haj Fadel worked in trade and had extensive commercial relations with the Turkish merchants and Halbians and with his cousins Najjar and Tayfur in the city of Hama.

Haj Fadel Al-Aboud was arrested several times for his support of national issues and revolutions, He was sentenced to exile to the city of Jisr al-Shughour after he was accused of preparing a popular revolt against French colonialism in protest against the military campaign by the French army against the Bukhabur tribes that refused to pay taxes to the French colonizer. As well as insulting Wali Deir al-Zour Khalil Isaac, who was cooperating with the French.[5][6]

Haj Fadel Al-Aboud represented the Euphrates region at the Syrian National Congress held in late June 1919, which proclaimed on March 8, 1920, the independence of Syria and establishment of the Syrian Arab Kingdom and inauguration of Faisal bin Sharif Hussein as its king.[7] Fadel Al-Aboud participated in the inauguration ceremony of Faisal King of Iraq on August 23, 1921, and was supporting to his inauguration.[8]

Haj Fadel Al-Aboud was died in 1936 in the city of Deir al-Zour and buried there.

King Faisal in 1920.

Formation of the first government[edit]

Chaos broke out in the city of Deir al-Zour after the Ottomans had left on November 6, 1918 due to the absence of government authority, and increased fear of the people in Deir al-Zour from the tribal environment surrounding their city, Which the clans used to invade loot and steal from each other, or enter towns and loot houses, so It was necessary to have a strong authority to protect the city and its people, which led the Haj Fadel Al-Aboud, who was the mayor to form his first government in the city and asked the clans in the villages and neighboring areas to loyal and stand with him, so all the clans were loyal to him, One of the priorities of this government was to control security in the city and this government was later known as the "Haj Fadhil government". [9][10]

The government continued until the arrival of Sharif Nasser, the cousin of Prince Faisal Bin Al-Hussein on December 1, 1918, and the arrival of Mari Basha Al-Mallah on December 7, 1918.[11]

Formation of the second government[edit]

After the events of the Battle of Maysalun on July 24, 1920 and The occupation of Damascus by the French forces, Deir al-Zour was in a state of chaos and insecurity, This is what prompted Haj Fadel Al-Aboud to form his second government, Which provided great services to the city in protecting and preserving the safety of its people despite its limited potential. Until November 23, 1920, when it was dissolved by a decision of the French occupation authorities. [12][13]

See also[edit]