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Jean-Jacques Goldman

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Jean-Jacques Goldman
Jean-Jacques Goldman - may 2002.jpg
Goldman in 2002 at Le Zénith in Paris
Background information
Born (1951-10-11) 11 October 1951 (age 67)
OriginParis, France
GenresPop rock, rock, progressive rock, new wave
Occupation(s)Singer-songwriter
InstrumentsVocalist, guitarist, pianist, violinist
Years active1975–present
Associated actsTaï Phong, Céline Dion, Les Enfoirés, Fredericks Goldman Jones, Grégoire

Jean-Jacques Goldman (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɑ̃.ʒak ɡɔldˈman]; born 11 October 1951) is French singer-songwriter. He is hugely popular in the French-speaking world.[1] Since the death of Johnny Hallyday in 2017 he has been the highest grossing French living pop rock singer. Born in Paris and active in the music scene since 1975, he had a highly successful solo career in the 1980s, and was part of the trio Fredericks Goldman Jones, releasing another string of hits in the 1990s.

He also wrote successful albums and songs for many artists, including D'eux for Céline Dion, which is the most successful french language record to date.[2]

He was also part of the Les Enfoirés charity collective from 1986 to 2016 and is best known in the English-speaking world for winning a Grammy Award for Album of the Year in 1997.

Despite a voluntary retirement from the music scene in the early 2000s, he remains very popular and influential.[3][4]

Biography[edit]

Born in Paris to an immigrant Polish Jewish father, Alter Mojze Goldman and a German Jewish mother, Ruth Ambrunn, Jean-Jacques Goldman was the third of four children. As a child, he began his music studies on the violin, then the piano. In 1968, he abandoned his classical music studies for "American Rock & Roll" as well as folk music, listening to The Beatles, Jimi Hendrix or Aretha Franklin, and emphasizing the guitar.[5] He also earned a business degree from the École Des Hautes Études Commerciales, commonly known as EDHEC, in Lille. In 1972, he met Catherine, his first wife, with whom he had three children. He first entered the French music scene as a member of a progressive rock group named Taï Phong ("great wind", "typhoon" in Vietnamese), which released its first album in 1975. Their first song to be a moderate hit was "Sister Jane". After three albums in English (on which he sang and played guitar as well as violin), Goldman was determined to write and sing in French, which led him to leave the band.

Marc Lumbroso saw his potential and managed to sign him a five-album contract with Epic Records. That same year he released his first album, which he wanted to call Démodé ("out of trend"), but the label refused so it was left untitled (although "Démodé" is now its unofficial title). "Il suffira d'un signe" was his first significant success. In 1982, he released a second album with no title – this time the intended title was Minoritaire, which was also refused as it was deemed un-commercial (and has likewise become its unofficial title). It featured several hits: "Quand la musique est bonne", "Comme toi" (inspired by a picture of a young jewish girl who died in a concentration camp), "Au bout de mes rêves", and was his breakthrough album, with about 900.000 units sold. His third album in 1984, the first with an official title, Positif (chosen as an ironic response to the refusal of the intended "negative" titles of his first two), contained new hits such as "Encore un matin" and "Envole-moi", and performed even better with about 1.000.000 units sold. His fourth album, Non homologué ("not approved", which continued his trend of ironically self-depreciative titles) garnered the hit songs "Je marche seul", "Je te donne" (a rock duet with Michael Jones – see below) and "Pas toi". In 1987, he recorded a double-album, Entre gris clair et gris foncé ("Between light grey and dark grey"), which launched a string of hits – "Elle a fait un bébé toute seule", "Puisque tu pars", "Là-bas" (a duet with Sirima), "Il changeait la vie" – and was a major success, with more than 2 million units sold. The critics were severe though, deriding his high-pitch voice and his perceived tame, innocuous style and demeanour, his soft songs marketed for teenage girls... In reaction, he purchased a full page in two major newspapers, displaying excerpts from his harshest reviews, with a message to his fans at the end, in his typically ironic and unassuming tone: "Thanks for coming anyway..."[6]

From 1990 to 1995, he went on to perform as a trio called Fredericks / Goldman / Jones with singer Carole Fredericks and guitarist Michael Jones (whom he knew from Taï Phong – actually Jones joined the band when Goldman decided to stop touring). Together they recorded two studio albums, Fredericks / Goldman / Jones in 1990 and Rouge in 1993 (inspired by the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of USSR, the title song features the Red Army Choir), one live album, Du New Morning au Zénith, and released several successful singles, such as "Nuit", "À nos actes manqués", "Né en 17 à Leidenstadt", "Juste après" and "Tu manques". Several of these songs were recorded in English, but did not find much success in England or the United States.

Michael Jones, is a Welsh singer who had settled in his mother's native France. He and Goldman scored a hit in the early 1980s with "Je te donne", a bilingual song with Jones singing the English verses and Goldman the French ones.

Carol Fredericks was an American singer, the sister of Taj Mahal who settled in France in the 1970s.

From 1997 to 2003, he went back to performing as a solo act, releasing two albums, En passant in 1997 and Chansons pour les pieds in 2001, as well as two live albums, Tournée 98 En passant and Un tour ensemble, with new hit songs like "On ira", "Quand tu danses", "Sache que je", "Bonne idée", "Tournent les violons", "Ensemble", "Les choses", "Et l'on n'y peut rien". After a last concert in 2004, he suddenly stopped performing and recording, wanting to spend more time with his family (he remaried in 2001, with a young fan who studied mathematics and later got a PhD in pure mathematics[7]). In 2011, to shut down rumors about a comeback, he has denied any plan of a new album or tour in the foreseeable future, and remains elusive in the media.[8]

He continued to compose a few songs for other artists, though, and sometimes lends his voice as part of a collaboration. For instance, in 2007, he recorded "4 Mots sur un piano" with Patrick Fiori and Christine Ricol, which was a significant hit.

Jean-Jacques Goldman also had a prominent role in french charity acts from the middle of the 1980s, when in 1985 famous comedian Coluche asked him to write a song in order to promote the initiative he just created, Les restos du coeur, meant to provide food to poor people during the winter months; Goldman crafted and produced the eponymous song (reportedly written/composed in three days), then with Coluche they brought in other french celebrities (actors Yves Montand, Catherine Deneuve, Nathalie Baye, soccer player Michel Platini, TV host Michel Drucker) to perform it as an extended troup (each singing a verse, akin to "We are the world"), called Les Enfoirés (originally a very crude word, literally translatable as "The Buttfucked", but which was a gimmick of Coluche in his shows and has been somewhat watered down over the years). After Coluche's death in 1986, he took over and became the main organizer of the annual charity concert, a role he kept fulfilling until 2016, when he decided to quit, after a song he wrote for that year's charity album, "Toute la vie", sparked controversy for its lyrics, which were deemed "reactionary", with an unfair portrayal of current youth and a pointless opposition of "young" and "old" generations[9].

Throughout his career, Goldman has frequently composed for other singers (sometimes using pseudonyms), most notably Johnny Hallyday (the Gang album in 1985, one of his most successful) and Céline Dion. He wrote and produced two full albums for her: D'eux in 1995 (released in the US as The French Album), which is still the best selling French album in history with 10 million copies sold worldwide, and S'il suffisait d'aimer in 1998. He also worked with her on the album 1 fille & 4 types along with Gildas Arzel, Jacques Veneruso and Erick Benzi. The songs "If That's What It Takes", "I Don't Know" and "Fly" from her album Falling into You are English adaptations of songs Goldman wrote for Céline.[10] Also, her song "Let's Talk About Love" from the album of the same name is an English adaption of Goldman's 1987 solo song "Puisque tu pars". He has also collaborated with Patricia Kaas, Garou, Marc Lavoine, Gérald De Palmas, Patrick Fiori, Khaled ("Aïcha"), Lorie and Florent Pagny, as well as famous jazzman Chet Baker, Supertramp's saxophonist John Helliwell[citation needed], Joe Cocker, "king of soul" Ray Charles[citation needed] and North-American songwriter Diane Warren.

On 19 November 2012, Génération Goldman, a tribute album to Goldman was released on My Major Company France and M6 Music label, with a number of artists interpreting Goldman's songs.

Personal life[edit]

His half-brother Pierre Goldman, a left-wing intellectual and convicted (though later acquitted) robber, was murdered in mysterious circumstances in 1979 in Paris.[11]

His younger brother Robert Goldman is also a songwriter (often known as J. Kapler). His son Michaël Goldman is one of the co-founders of My Major Company France, a major fan-funded music label.

Philanthropy[edit]

Goldman was the leader of the Les Enfoirés charity ensemble from 1986 to 2016.[12]

Discography[edit]

[13]

Studio albums[edit]

Solo
Year Album
1977 Alpha Ralpha - Vocals
  • Record label: Warner
1981 Jean-Jacques Goldman (a/k/a Démodé)
  • Record label: Epic
1982 Jean-Jacques Goldman (a/k/a Minoritaire)
  • Record label: Epic
1984 Positif
  • Record label: Epic
1985 Non homologué
  • Record label: Epic
1987 Entre gris clair et gris foncé
  • Record label: Epic
1997 En passant
  • Record label: Columbia/Sony BMG
2001 Chansons pour les pieds
  • Record label: Columbia/Sony BMG
as Fredericks Goldman Jones
Year Album
1990 Fredericks Goldman Jones
  • Record label: CBS
1993 Rouge with Red Army Choir, Carole Fredericks and Michael Jones
  • Record label: Columbia
Solo
Year Album Peak positions Certifications
FRA
[14]
BEL
(Vl)

[15]
BEL
(Wa)

[16]
SUI
[17]

1997 En passant
  • Record label: Columbia
1 38 1 10
2001 Chansons pour les pieds
  • Record label: Columbia
1 1 2

Live albums[edit]

Year Album Peak positions Certifications
FRA
[14]
BEL
(Wa)

[16]
SUI
[17]
1986 En public
  • Record label: Epic
N/A N/A N/A
1989 Traces
  • Record label: Epic
N/A N/A N/A
1999 En passant - Tournée 1998
  • Record label: Columbia
1 1
2003 Un tour ensemble
  • Record label: Columbia
1 1 7
as Fredericks Goldman Jones
Year Album
1992 Sur scène
  • Record label: Columbia
1995 Du New Morning au Zénith
  • Record label: Columbia

Compilations[edit]

Year Album
1991 L'Intégrale 81/91
1996 Singulier 81/89
1996 Pluriel 90/96
(with Carole Fredericks and Michael Jones)
2000 L'Intégrale 90/00
2008 La collection 81-89
Year Album Peak positions Certifications
FRA
[14]
BEL
(Vl)

[15]
BEL
(Wa)

[16]
SUI
[17]
2011 Singulier 81/89 11 14 1 91
La Collections 81-89 113 142
La Collections 1990-2001 74 76

Tribute albums to Jean-Jacques Goldman[edit]

(For peak positions, see Génération Goldman page)

Year Album
2012 Génération Goldman
2013 Génération Goldman Volume 2

Singles[edit]

Solo (first phase)
Year Album Peak positions Certifications
FRA
[14]
1984 "Envole-moi"
"Long Is the Road (Américain)" 6
1985 "Je marche seul" 2
"Je te donne" (Goldman / Jones) 1
1986 "Pas toi" 5
"La vie par procuration" [in public] 2
1987 "Elle a fait un bébé toute seule" 4
1988 "C'est ta chance" 16
"Puisque tu pars" 3
"Il changeait la vie" (live) 14
1989 "Peur de rien blues" 17
As Fredericks, Goldman & Jones
Year Album Peak positions Certifications
FRA
[14]
1990 "Nuit" 6
"À nos actes manqués" 2
1991 "Né en 17 à Leidenstadt" 11
"C'est pas d'l'amour" 11
1992 "Un, deux, trois" 8
"Tu manques" 12
"Il suffira d'un signe" (Live) 14
1993 "Rouge" 18
1993 "Juste après" 32
1993 "Fermer les yeux" 33
Solo (2nd phase)
Year Album Peak positions Certifications
FRA
[14]
BEL
(Wa)

[16]
SUI
[17]
1997 "Sache que je" 19 18
1998 "Quand tu danses" 66
1999 "Bonne idée" 68
1999 "Et l'on n'y peut rien" 7 37 61
Others
Year Album Peak positions Certifications
FRA
[14]
BEL
(Wa)

[16]
SUI
[17]
1986 "Les Restos du cœur"
(Jean-Jacques Goldman / Coluche / Yves Montand / Nathalie Baye / Michel Drucker / Michel Platini, Catherine Deneuve)
2
1987 "Là-bas"
(Jean-Jacques Goldman and Sirima)
2
2007 "4 Mots sur un piano"
(Patrick Fiori / Jean-Jacques Goldman & Christine Ricol)
1 7 40

Soundtracks[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jean-Jacques Goldman, personnalité préférée des Français". L'Obs (in French). Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  2. ^ "Céline Dion a "envie" de retravailler avec Jean-Jacques Goldman". chartsinfrance.net. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  3. ^ "Jean-Jacques Goldman, personnalité préférée des Français" (in French). 2013-08-03. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  4. ^ "Jean-Jacques Goldman, personnalité préférée des Français pour la 6e fois consécutive". Europe 1. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  5. ^ His "conversion" is loosely chronicled in the song Un, deux, trois
  6. ^ Yves Bigot, Je t'aime, moi non plus. Les amours de la chanson, Don Quichotte, 2016, p. 179
  7. ^ "Lagier, Nathalie Goldman".
  8. ^ "Info 20minutes.fr: Jean-Jacques Goldman dément tout projet d'album". www.20minutes.fr (in French). Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  9. ^ Rubin, Alissa J.; Breeden, Aurelien (2015-03-03). ""Toute la vie": Song for French charity strikes discordant note". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  10. ^ Benjamin Jacquot (30 September 2013). "Céline Dion et Jean-Jacques Goldman : 20 ans d'amitié" (in French). France Bleu. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  11. ^ Yair Auron, Les juifs d'extrême-gauche en mai 68: une génération révolutionnaire marquée par la Shoah, Albin Michel, 1998, p. 81
  12. ^ "Jean-Jacques Goldman" (in French). Enfoires.com. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  13. ^ LesCharts.com Jean-Jacques Goldman discography
  14. ^ a b c d e f g LesCharts.com: Jean-Jacques Goldman discography
  15. ^ a b Ultratop.be/fr/ Jean-Jacques Goldman discography
  16. ^ a b c d e Ultratop.be/nl/ Jean-Jacques Goldman discography
  17. ^ a b c d e Jean-Jacques Goldman discography

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Michel Jonasz
Victoires de la Musique
Male artist of the year

1986
Succeeded by
Johnny Hallyday