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Joint Force Command Norfolk

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Joint Force Command Norfolk
Active2018-present
AllegianceNATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Part ofAllied Command Operations
HeadquartersNorfolk, Virginia, United States[1]
Commanders
Current
commander
Vice Admiral Andrew L. Lewis, USN

Joint Force Command - Norfolk (JFC-NF) is a combined, joint military command, part of the NATO Military Command Structure. Its headquarters is located in Norfolk, Virginia, in the United States, but it is part of Allied Command Operations at Casteau, Belgium.

Background[edit]

In late 2017-early 2018, NATO approved two new commands, a rear area transit command which was finally announced as the Joint Support and Enabling Command, to be located at Ulm, Germany, and a new command for the Atlantic.[2] Pentagon spokesman Johnny Michael remarked that "NATO is refocusing on the Atlantic in recognition of the great power competition prompted by a resurgent Russia."[3]

In March 2018 Chair of the Military Committee General Petr Pavel announced that the new Atlantic command would become part of the NATO Force Structure at the level of a Joint Force Command, similar to the two that exist at Brunssum and Naples. On 7 June 2018 the Secretary-General said the new JFC would have its headquarters in Norfolk, Virginia, in the United States.[4] The name was confirmed as Joint Force Command Norfolk at the NATO Summit in July. It was to be commanded by the Vice Admiral who leads the U.S. national United States Second Fleet.[5]

Establishment[edit]

Joint Force Command Norfolk was established due to the rising Russian threat, making the Atlantic sea routes a critical domain. Its counterpart 2nd Fleet was established because the United States Navy "needed a commander to direct sustained combat operations in the Atlantic".[6] JFCNF will aim to works seamlessly with allies and NATO partners in all domains and to provide awareness and synchronization with allies, while ensuring readiness and contributing to NATO objectives and core tasks. In this role, the command will contribute to enhance NATO’s warfighting capability.[7]

The first JFCNF commander is Vice Admiral Andrew L. Lewis, USN who also commands the recently re-established United States Second Fleet also headquartered in Norfolk, Virginia.[8][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NATO Secretary General Annual Report 2018" (PDF). nato.int. NATO. 2019-03-14. Retrieved 2019-03-18.
  2. ^ Mehta, Aaron (14 February 2018). "US, Germany likely home to new NATO commands".
  3. ^ CNN, Ryan Browne,. "US Navy re-establishes Second Fleet amid Russia tensions". CNN. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ Babb, Carla (2018-08-06). "US Navy's Top Admiral Cites Increased Threat in Ocean Nearest Washington". voanews.com. Retrieved 2018-08-12.
  6. ^ Rear Adm. Doug Perry, director of joint and fleet operations at Fleet Forces Command, quoted in "2nd Fleet Functions, AOR Still to Be Determined". United States Naval Institute. 2018-11-14.
  7. ^ "Joint Force Command Norfolk Conducts Trans-Atlantic Security Seminar". Joint Force Command Norfolk Public Affairs. 2019-01-15.
  8. ^ Babb, Carla (2018-08-06). "US Navy's Top Admiral Cites Increased Threat in Ocean Nearest Washington". voanews.com. Retrieved 2018-08-12.
  9. ^ LaGrone, Sam (2018-11-29). "U.S. 2nd Fleet Racing Toward a 2019 Operational Capability". USNI News. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  10. ^ "Joint Force Command Norfolk holds seminar". NATO SHAPE. 2018-11-29. Retrieved 2019-03-12.