José Antonio Meade

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José Antonio Meade
Mexican Foreign Minister (16295258100) (cropped).jpg
Secretary of Finance and Public Credit
In office
7 September 2016 – 27 November 2017
President Enrique Peña Nieto
Preceded by Luis Videgaray Caso
Succeeded by José Antonio González Anaya
In office
9 September 2011 – 30 November 2012
President Felipe Calderón
Preceded by Ernesto Cordero Arroyo
Succeeded by Luis Videgaray Caso
Secretary of Social Development
In office
27 August 2015 – 6 September 2016
President Enrique Peña Nieto
Preceded by Rosario Robles
Succeeded by Luis Enrique Miranda Nava
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
1 December 2012 – 26 August 2015
President Enrique Peña Nieto
Preceded by Patricia Espinosa
Succeeded by Claudia Ruiz Massieu
Secretary of Energy
In office
7 January 2011 – 9 September 2011
President Felipe Calderón
Preceded by Georgina Kessel
Succeeded by Jordy Herrera Flores
Undersecretary of Finance and Public Credit
In office
20 August 2010 – 6 January 2011
President Felipe Calderón
Preceded by Alejandro Werner Wainfeld
Succeeded by Gerardo Rodriguez Regordosa
Personal details
Born José Antonio Meade Kuribreña
(1969-02-27) 27 February 1969 (age 49)
Mexico City, Mexico
Political party Independent
Other political
Institutional Revolutionary Party (2017–present)
Alma mater Mexico Autonomous Institute of Technology
National Autonomous University of Mexico
Yale University
Website Government website

José Antonio Meade Kuribreña (Spanish pronunciation: [xoˌse anˈtonjo ˈmið kuɾiˈβɾeɲa]; born 27 February 1969)[1] is a Mexican politician, economist, lawyer, and diplomat who has served as Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Secretary of Social Development, Secretary of Energy and twice as Secretary of Finance and Public Credit. On 27 November 2017, he resigned his post as Secretary of Finance and Public Credit in order to seek the presidency as a candidate of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in the 2018 presidential election.[2]


Meade is the son of Dionisio Meade[3][4] and his wife Lucía, daughter of the lawyer and sculptor José Kuribreña.[5] The Meade Kuribreña family is a Mexican family of Irish[6] and Lebanese[7] descent.

Non-political activities[edit]

Mexican political activities[edit]

Meade served as Secretary of Energy (7 January to 9 September 2011),[12] then as Secretary of Finance in the cabinet of President Felipe Calderón (9 September 2011 to 30 November 2012).[13]

On 1 December 2012, Meade was named Secretary of Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Enrique Peña Nieto. On 27 August 2015, he was named the Secretary of Social Development. He stayed in that post until 7 September 2016, when he became Secretary of Finance and Public Credit.

In February 2016, the League of United Latin American Citizens Council No. 12 in Laredo, Texas, U.S., announced that Meade and George P. Bush, the Texas land commissioner, would both receive the titles of "Señor Internacional," a designation used since 1976 to honor distinguished figures in the border region as part of the annual Washington's Birthday Celebration.[14]

Presidential campaign 2018[edit]

On 9 August 2017, the PRI revised its requirements for presidential candidates, eliminating the requirement that candidates must have 10 years of party membership, and allowing "illustrious" non-party figures to lead the party.[15] This move was seen as benefitting Meade, as he is not a member of the PRI.[15][16] On 27 November 2017, Meade announced he would compete in the 2018 presidential election, representing the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). Before he entered the race, the PRI was facing a major loss of credibility as a result of corruption scandals, record-breaking violence and slow economic growth, with incumbent president Peña Nieto's approval rating falling to historic lows.[17] Meade was seen as the safest bet for the party, as his formal non-affiliation and clean public record could distance him from the party's scandals.[17] Meade's image has since received damage because much of the money was lost while he was Secretary of Social Development.[18] Meade was formally selected as the PRI's candidate at their convention of delegates on 18 February 2018.[19]

Shortly after the polls closed, Meade conceded defeat and wished victor Andrés Manuel López Obrador "every success".[20][21] Meade placed third with 16.41% of the vote. It was the worst result in the history of the PRI.

Fake followers in social media[edit]

It has been reported that about 94% of the followers of Meade were bots.[22][23] These bots have been referred to as Peñabots, although since Meade started his campaign the term seems to be evolving towards Meadebot. When Antonio Meade presented himself as a candidate for the 2018 presidential election, his social media accounts such as "@MovimientoMEADE" (created by the PRI's official account @PRI_Nacional), obtained a huge quantity of followers far too quick. Some users noticed and brought it to attention, after investigations it was reported 94% of such followers were bots (702,000 out of 747,000), and the account was eliminated from Twitter after 20 hours. The fake accounts used the hashtags #YoConMeade and #Meade18, further revealed was that Meade's official account on Twitter, @JoseAMeadeK has 25% bots (216,000 fake followers out of the 981,000).[22][23] These numbers, however, are lower than the amount of fake followers other Mexican opinion leaders such as Carmen Aristegui (38% fake followers)[24] and Denise Dresser (48% fake followers)[25] have according to Twitter Audit.

The news magazine Proceso said that Mexico was among the 29 countries whose governments use fake social media accounts to simulate support.[26] According to investigations, the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) is rumored red to have a Bots department helping all the politicians from the political party, Antonio Meade among them. The boss of such department is Alejandra Lagunes, the old commercial director of Televisa Interactive Media, and actual National Coordinator of Digital Strategy Digital of PRI's presidency. The department also sends bots to attack news journalists accounts who question the government.[23]



  1. ^ "Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público Directorio". gob.mx. Retrieved 2017-11-22. 
  2. ^ "José Meade makes public speech as first presidential candidate - Riviera Maya News". 4 December 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 
  3. ^ "SIL :: Sistema de Información Legislativa-PopUp Legislador". sil.gobernacion.gob.mx. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 
  4. ^ "USC honors Mexico's Secretary of Foreign Affairs, José Antonio Meade Kuribreña - C. L. Max Nikias - USC". www.president.usc.edu. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 
  5. ^ taquia67 (25 April 2009). "El mundo interior en la escultura de José Kuri Breña". Retrieved 26 June 2018 – via YouTube. 
  6. ^ "Meade in Limerick: Mexican minister researching his Irish roots". Limerick Leader. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  7. ^ Presencia de México en el mundo libanés Archived 2014-12-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Board of Governors Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI).
  9. ^ Board of Governors European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
  10. ^ Board of Governors Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), World Bank Group.
  11. ^ Board of Governors World Bank.
  12. ^ SENER (in Spanish)
  13. ^ "José Antonio Meade Kuribreña". Presidencia de la República. 15 January 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013.  (in Spanish)
  14. ^ "40th annual Senor Internacional announced". Laredo Morning Times. February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Stargardter, Gabriel (10 August 2017). "Mexico ruling party's reform strengthens president ahead of 2018 vote". Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  16. ^ Webber, Jude (2 May 2018). "Mexico's embattled PRI replaces leader ahead of July election". Financial Times. 
  17. ^ a b Villegas, Paulina (27 November 2017). "Mexico's Finance Minister Says He'll Run for President". New York Times. 
  18. ^ "Los desvíos que Meade no vio en Sedesol - Proceso". 24 February 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 
  19. ^ "Mexico Picks its Presidential Candidates, AMLO in the Lead". Telesur. 18 February 2018. 
  20. ^ "Jose Antonio Meade of Mexico's ruling party concedes defeat to Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador in presidential vote". ABC News (USA). 1 July 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  21. ^ "Le deseo el mayor de los éxitos a AMLO: Meade". Excélsior. 1 July 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  22. ^ a b http://homozapping.com.mx/2017/12/meade-y-su-ejercito-de-bots-la-tradicion-del-fraude-virtual/
  23. ^ a b c "El PRI está creando un ejército de bots para apoyar a su candidato a la presidencia - BREAKING". 4 December 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 
  24. ^ TwitterAudit. "@AristeguiOnline's Audit | Twitter Audit | Audit your Twitter followers". TwitterAudit. Retrieved 2018-03-27. 
  25. ^ TwitterAudit. "@DeniseDresserG's Audit | Twitter Audit | Audit your Twitter followers". TwitterAudit. Retrieved 2018-03-27. 
  26. ^ "La guerra perdida de los bots de Peña Nieto - Proceso". 18 July 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 

External links[edit]

José Antonio Meade on Twitter Edit this at Wikidata

José Antonio Meade on Facebook

Political offices
Preceded by
Jordy Herrera Flores
Secretary of Energy
Succeeded by
Georgina Kessel
Preceded by
Ernesto Cordero Arroyo
Secretary of Finance and Public Credit
Succeeded by
Luis Videgaray Caso
Preceded by
Patricia Espinosa
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Claudia Ruiz Massieu
Preceded by
Rosario Robles
Secretary of Social Development
Succeeded by
Luis Enrique Miranda
Preceded by
Luis Videgaray Caso
Secretary of Finance and Public Credit
Succeeded by
José Antonio González Anaya