Juan José Valle
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Aramburu's Revolución Libertadora of September 1955 had ended Juan Perón's second term of presidency. After the coup, José Valle was dismissed as part of the anti-Peronist policies of the new regime. He then headed a rebellion on 9 June 1956, which quickly spread through the country, but resulted only in seven combat fatalities. Aramburu's regime decided to make an example of José Valle by executing him by firing squad alongside other rebels, on 12 June, in the National Penitentiary of Buenos Aires. This site is currently Las Heras Park, where a plaque in his honor remains to be seen.
This execution led some sectors to name Aramburu's regime la Fusiladora (the verb fusilar meaning to execute by a firing-squad). This execution marked a turn in Argentina's history of insurrections, which were not used to such massive retaliation. Between June 9 and June 12, 1956, 27 civilians and military personnel were executed, some of them illegally during the León Suárez massacre (narrated in Rodolfo Walsh's classic non-fiction novel, Operación Masacre). This event lead to Aramburu's subsequent assassination by the Montoneros, a left-wing Peronist group, in June 1970.
Valle was posthumously promoted to Lieutenant-general.
- Patriotas: a medio siglo los fusilados hablan. 1956 - 9 de junio - 2006, Jefatura de Gabinete de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (in Spanish)
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