Kalanikaumakaowākea (or Kalanikaumaka-o-Wākea) was an Aliʻi nui of the island of Maui in ancient Hawaii. He was named after the god called Wākea, who is the Sky father in Hawaiian religion and mythology.
Kalanikaumakaowākea was the son of the Aliʻi Kauhiakama and his wife, Queen Kapukini III (daughter of Chief Makakaualiʻi); however, some accounts have him the piʻo (the sacred child of the siblings) son of Kauhiakama and his sister Piʻilanikapo. He was a member of the Paumakua dynasty.
These are the children of Kalanikaumakaowākea and Kekaikuihala:
- Piʻilaniwahine II, mother of Queen Lonomaʻaikanaka
- King Lonohonuakini of Maui, named after Lono
Kalanikaumakaowākea also had a second wife named Makakuwahine (wahine = "woman"), who was the daughter of Kanelaʻaukahi and Kamaka, of the Keaunui-a-Maweke-Laakona family. With Makaku, Kalanikaumakaowākea had a son named ʻUmi-a-Liloa II. Another son named Kauloaiwi has an unknown mother.
- Abraham Fornander (1880). An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origins and Migrations, and the Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I. Trubner & Company. p. 209.
- Patrick Vinton Kirch (2 December 2010). How Chiefs Became Kings: Divine Kingship and the Rise of Archaic States in Ancient Hawai'i. University of California Press. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-520-94784-9.
- Edith Kawelohea McKinzie (February 1986). Hawaiian Genealogies: Extracted from Hawaiian Language Newspapers. University of Hawaii Press. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-939154-37-1.
- Edith K. McKinzie and Ishmael W. Stagner (1986). Hawaiian Genealogies: Extracted from Hawaiian Language Newspapers. 2. University of Hawaii Press. p. 101. ISBN 0-939154-37-4.