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Katzenelnbogen

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Katzenelnbogen
Katzenelnbogen.jpg
Coat of arms of Katzenelnbogen
Coat of arms
Location of Katzenelnbogen within Rhein-Lahn-Kreis district
Katzenelnbogen in EMS.svg
Katzenelnbogen is located in Germany
Katzenelnbogen
Katzenelnbogen
Katzenelnbogen is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
Katzenelnbogen
Katzenelnbogen
Coordinates: 50°16′0″N 7°59′0″E / 50.26667°N 7.98333°E / 50.26667; 7.98333Coordinates: 50°16′0″N 7°59′0″E / 50.26667°N 7.98333°E / 50.26667; 7.98333
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictRhein-Lahn-Kreis
Municipal assoc.Aar-Einrich
Government
 • MayorHorst Klöppel
Area
 • Total9.20 km2 (3.55 sq mi)
Elevation
280 m (920 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total2,230
 • Density240/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
56368
Dialling codes06486
Vehicle registrationEMS
Websitehttp://www.vg-katzenelnbogen.de

Katzenelnbogen is the name of a castle and small town in the district of Rhein-Lahn-Kreis in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Katzenelnbogen is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") Aar-Einrich.

History[edit]

Katzenelnbogen originated as a castle built on a promontory over the river Lahn around 1095. The lords of the castle became important local magnates, acquiring during the centuries some key and highly lucrative customs rights on the Rhine. The Counts of Katzenelnbogen also built Burg Neukatzenelnbogen and Burg Rheinfels on the Rhine. The male line of the German family died out in 1479, while the Austrian lineage continued, and the county became disputed between Hesse and Nassau. In 1557, the former finally won, but when Hesse was split due to the testament of Philipp the Magnanimous, Katzenelnbogen was split as well, between Hesse-Darmstadt and the small new secondary principality of Hesse-Rheinfels. When the latter line expired in 1583, its property went to Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), which added the inherited part of Katzenelnbogen to its side-line principality of Hesse-Rotenburg. After the Congress of Vienna, this part of Katzenelnbogen was given to Nassau in exchange for property that had been taken away from it; after the War of 1866, with all Nassau, it became part of Prussia.

In 1945, Hesse-Darmstadt was united with most of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau, which included the former Hesse-Kassel along with Nassau and the formerly Free City of Frankfurt, to form the federal state of Hesse. Thus, Hesse now includes the larger part of former county of Katzenelnbogen. A smaller part of Nassau, including the old castle and village bearing the name of Katzenelnbogen, ended up as part of Rhineland-Palatinate (part of the Rhein-Lahn and Westerwaldkreis districts). William III of England a Prince of Orange had the title Katzenelnbogen in his reign from 1689-1702 and today one of the titles of the King of the Netherlands (the House of Orange-Nassau) is that of Count of Katzenelnbogen.

Etymology[edit]

In German, the name Katzenelnbogen literally translates to 'cat's elbow', arguably a later mondegreen. Historians speculated that the name derives from Cattimelibocus, a combination of two words: the ancient Germanic tribal name of the Chatti and Melibokus, a generic Roman name for "mountains"[clarification needed].,[2][3] The theory is based on the name Μηλίβοκον (Mēlíbokon) used by Ptolemy specifically for a mountain range farther to the east, either the Harz, the Thuringian Forest, or both. Melibokon in a Latinised form would then be Melibocus or Melibokus. The fact that the name, in any recognisable form, first appears in medieval documents also suggests that it has no older, i.e. Roman, origin.

History of wine[edit]

In the history of wine, Katzenelnbogen is famous for the first documentation of Riesling grapes in the world: this was in 1435, when the storage inventory of Count John IV of Katzenelnbogen, a member of the Holy Roman high nobility, lists the purchase of vines of "Rieslingen".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand 2018 - Gemeindeebene". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2019.
  2. ^ "Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888, Vol. 9, Page 623".
  3. ^ "Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888, Vol. 11, Page 449".

External links[edit]