Khustain Nuruu National Park, located in Töv Province, is a national park of Mongolia. It is also known as Hustai National Park, the Tuul River runs through the park. The Mongolian Government declared Hustai National Park as a Specially Protected Area in 1993, the HNP extends through the Khentii Mountains and includes the western edge of the Mongolian steppe at the boundaries of Altanbulag, Argalant and Bayankhangai Soums of Töv Province. The park is about 100 km from the city of Ulaanbaatar to the west. The HNP covers 50,600 ha land which is home to 459 species of plants,85 species of lichens,90 species of moss and 33 species of mushrooms. The 217 species of birds include golden eagle, lammergeier, great bustard, whooper swan, black stork, Daurian partridge, there are 16 species of fish,2 species of amphibians, and 385 species of insects. A new species of insect has been found in the Hustai. In 2002, the Man and the Biosphere Reserves organization of UNESCO certified the HNP as a member of the world biosphere network of natural reserves, the HNPT was enrolled as a member of IUCN in 2007. The HNP is one of the best-managed Specially Protected Areas in Mongolia and was the first park to be managed by a Non-governmental Organization specializing in nature, the park was managed by the Mongolian Association for the Conservation of Nature and the Environment during 1993-2003. A dedicated NGO, the Hustai National Park Trust, was established in 2003, the HNPT conducts operations in five main activity areas as follows, Conservation and protection of ecosystems and historical sites in the park. Reintroduction of the last species of wild horse – the Takhi –, Organization of international training courses and research. Development of the zone of the HNP
Image: Prez Horse Hustai
Panorama of Khustain Nuruu National Park. Photo by Alan Cordova.