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Kisshōten

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Śrīmahādevī (Buddhism)
Jyoruriji Kissyoten Srii.jpg
Sanskritश्रीमहादेवी
Śrīmahādevī
Chinese吉祥天
(Pinyin: Jíxiáng tiān)
Japanese吉祥天きっしょうてん or きちじょうてん
(romaji: Kichijōten)
Korean길상천
(RR: Gilsang Cheon)
Tibetanལྷ་མོ་ཆེན་མོ་དཔལ།་
Wylie: lha mo chen mo dpal
VietnameseCát Tường Thiên
Information
Venerated byMahāyāna, Vajrayāna
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Kisshōten (吉祥天, lit. "Auspicious Heavens"), also known as Kichijōten, Kisshoutennyo (吉祥天女), Kudokuten (功徳天) is a Japanese female deity. Adapted via Buddhism from the Hindu goddess Lakshmi. Kisshoutennyo is sometimes named as one of the Seven Gods of Fortune (fukujin), replacing either Jurōjin or Fukurokuju.[1] For example, in the 1783 edition of the Butsuzōzui compendium (reprinted in 1796), Kichijōten replaces Fukurokuju as one of the seven fukujin.[2] She is considered to be the goddess of happiness, fertility, and beauty.[1][3] Kisshoutennyo's iconography is distinguished by the Nyoihōju gem (如意宝珠) in her hand.

When Kisshoutennyo is counted among the seven fukujin[2] and fellow Fukujin Daikoku is regarded in feminine form,[4] all three of the Hindu Tridevi goddesses are represented in the Fukujin, with Daikoku representing Parvati.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wooden figure of Kichijōten". The British Museum. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Butsuzōzui (Illustrated Compendium of Buddhist Images)" (digital photos) (in Japanese). Ehime University Library. 1796. p. (077.jpg).
  3. ^ "Kisshōten (Kichijōten)". Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
  4. ^ "Butsuzōzui (Illustrated Compendium of Buddhist Images)" (digital photos) (in Japanese). Ehime University Library. 1796. p. (059.jpg).