View of Lake Fúquene
Lake Fúquene is shown in the south of Boyacá, bordering Cundinamarca
|Location||Fúquene, Boyacá & Cundinamarca|
|Primary outflows||Suárez River|
|Max. length||9.1 kilometres (5.7 mi) (1957)|
|Max. width||6.2 kilometres (3.9 mi) (1957)|
|Surface area||30 square kilometres (320,000,000 sq ft)|
|Average depth||2.5 metres (8.2 ft)|
|Max. depth||4 metres (13 ft) (1957)|
|Water volume||82.5 cubic megametres (2.91×1021 cu ft)|
|Surface elevation||2,540 metres (8,330 ft)|
|Islands||Formerly Isla grande or Chiguy/Chuiguí|
Lake Fúquene is a heart-shaped lake located in the Ubaté-Chiquinquirá Valley, part of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, in the north of Cundinamarca, Colombia, at the border with Boyacá. The Andean lake, at an average altitude of 2,540 metres (8,330 ft), was considered sacred in the religion of the Muisca who inhabited the area before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca in the 1530s.
In the Chibcha language of the Muisca Fúquene means "Place of swamps covered with fog", "Bed of the fox" or "Holy People", referring to the religious rituals of the Muisca. Muisca means "people" in Chibcha.
Lake Fúquene, the lake in the Ubaté-Chiquinquirá Valley, one of the four major valleys of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, was an important ritual lake in the culture of the Muisca. It formed the connection between the territories of the zipa in the south and zaque in the north and merchants between the two parts of the Muisca Confederation would pass the lake.
Since 1934 about 70% of the lake surface has been gone; from 100 square kilometres (1.1×109 sq ft) to 30 square kilometres (320,000,000 sq ft). In this time, the lake level has dropped by 1 metre (3.3 ft).
Flora, fauna and environmental issues
Around 47 bird species visit Lake Fúquene, among them Agelaius icterocephalus bogotensis and Fulica americana. in 1940, more than 80 fauna species were foraging around the lake, a number reduced to 58 in 2014.
In and around the lake 248 plant species have been identified. Some of the flora species are Scirpus californicus, Typha, Ixobrichus exilis bogotensis, and Alnus jorullensis. In recent years, 40% of the biodiversity has disappeared in the past 60 years.
- Cabrera Ortiz, 1957, p.8
- Hoeck, p.4
- Cabrera Ortiz, 1957, p.7
- Ocampo López, 2013, p.226
- (in Spanish) Etymology Fúquene
- (in Spanish) Official website Fúquene
- Cabrera Ortiz, 1957, p.5
- Cabrera Ortiz, 1957, p.3
- Hoeck, p.8
- Hoeck, p.7
- (in Spanish) En 30 años, agua en laguna de Fúquene descendió un metro - El Espectador
- Hoeck, p.6
- Hoeck, p.27
- Hoeck, p.19
- (in Spanish) La agonía de la laguna de Fúquene - El Tiempo
- Cabrera Ortiz, Wenceslao. 1957. La laguna de Fúquene - Lake Fúquene. Boletín de la Sociedad Geográfica de Colombia XV. 1–20. Accessed 2016-07-08.
- Hoeck, Hendrik. s.a.. Laguna de Fúquene, Colombia - Lake Fúquene, Colombia, 1–27. Accessed 2016-07-08.
- Ocampo López, Javier. 2013. Mitos y leyendas indígenas de Colombia - Indigenous myths and legends of Colombia, 1-219. Plaza & Janes Editores Colombia S.A..
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lake Fúquene.|
- (in Spanish) Tourism at Lake Fúquene
- (in Spanish) La laguna de Fúquene, escenario de concertación y acciones colectivas - WWF