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Las Anod

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Las Anod

Laascaanood

لاس عانود
City
Las anod city.jpeg
Nickname(s): 
Laaska, L.A.
Las Anod is located in Somaliland
Las Anod
Las Anod
Location in Somaliland
Las Anod is located in Somalia
Las Anod
Las Anod
Las Anod (Somalia)
Coordinates: 8°28′34″N 47°21′25″E / 8.476°N 47.357°E / 8.476; 47.357Coordinates: 8°28′34″N 47°21′25″E / 8.476°N 47.357°E / 8.476; 47.357
Country Somaliland
RegionSool
DistrictLas Anod
Government
 • TypeDistrict Council
 • MayorAbdiaziz Hussain Taarwale
Elevation
691 m (2,267 ft)
Population
 (2005)[1]
 • City75,436
 • Urban
24,830
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Las Anod (Somali: Laascaanood; Arabic: لاس عانود‎) is the administrative capital of the Sool region of the self-declared Republic of Somaliland.[2] The city is also claimed by Puntland, a member state of Somalia.[3][4][5]

History

During the pre-independence period, Las Anod served as an early center for Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish resistance.

Shops in Las Anod.

On October 15, 1969, while paying a visit to the city, Somalia's then President Abdirashid Ali Shermarke was shot dead by one of his own bodyguards. His assassination was quickly followed by a military coup d'état on October 21, 1969 (the day after his funeral), in which the Somali Army seized power without encountering armed opposition — essentially a bloodless takeover. The putsch was spearheaded by Major General Mohamed Siad Barre, who at the time commanded the army.[6][7] Large protests have also been staged in the city against visiting delegations from Somaliland.[8] Additionally, the Khaatumo authorities have condemned the occupation and demanded that Somaliland withdraw its troops.[9]

Territorial dispute

The city is disputed by Puntland and Somaliland. The former bases its claim due to the kinship ties between the Dhulbahante clan and the dominant clan in Puntland, the Majerteen. Whilst the later's claim is grounded on the border of the former British Somaliland Protectorate.[10]

In 2018, there were clashes between Puntland and Somaliland in the town of Tukaraq in which the Puntland vowed to recapture Las Anod. The residents of the city demonstrated their loyalty to Puntland via widespread protests.[11][12][13]

Geography

Las Anod is strategically positioned along the trade routes in Somaliland. The city is almost surrounded by hills and has considerable water resources, the latter of which makes it a prime destination for peoples from other parts of generally arid Somaliland as well as from neighboring countries such as Somalia, Djibouti and Ethiopia.

Demographics

According to the UNDP Las Anod has a population of around 75,436 inhabitants.[1] The city is primarily inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Dhulbahante sub-clan of the Darod well-represented.[14]

Education

Las Anod has various primary schools which are private and Public. Currently there are 6 Primary Schools in the city of Las Anod; Golkhatumo, Gateway, Abyan, Ilays, Imamu Shafi and Sool primary schools.

Secondary school education is provided by Ilays Educational Academy, Muse Yusuf and Nugaal High Schools.[15] Founded in 2004, Nugaal University (NU) is the first post-secondary institution of higher learning to be established in the area. The first group of four-year Nugaal University students graduated in September 2009. Also there are Ilays National University and Gollis University both established in Las Anod in 2015.

Manhal Hospital

There are also a number of academic institutions in Las Anod which provide diverse education services such as Sool Institute of Heath Sciences (SIHS), Al-Furqan Islamic Institute, Sahal Software College, Future Technology Center etc.

Economy

Las Anod's economy is mainly centered on pastoralism and communications, with some additional retail trade. The area around the city is rich in livestock, while mobile phone and money transfer services provide almost 40% of tax revenues.

The main telecommunication services available in Las Anod are operated by Telesom, Somtel and Golis Telecom Somaliland, among other companies. Several Somali banks also have branches in Las Anod such as Salaam Bank, Amal Bank, Dara-Salaam Bank and Dahabshiil Bank.

Landmarks and services

Las Anod Airport offers air transportation to local residents. The city also has a general hospital, the Las Anod Hospital, which was opened in 1958. There is also a privately operated hospital called Manhal, established in 2010.

In addition, the Las Anod features several landmarks. Among these sites are Goolad, Dhiif Hotel, Laba Qow, Geedka Jacaylka, Masjid Jama, Ataash Hotel, Royal, Hotel Hamdi, Durdurka, Darayda, Abdi Bille Football Stadium, Hills of Hilble, and Hills of Sayidka.

Masjid Jama

Climate

Las Anod has a hot desert climate (BWh) in Köppen-Geiger system.

Climate data for Las Anod
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
30.1
(86.2)
30.8
(87.4)
32.3
(90.1)
32.5
(90.5)
30.5
(86.9)
30.3
(86.5)
30.8
(87.4)
32.4
(90.3)
31.8
(89.2)
31.5
(88.7)
29.8
(85.6)
30.9
(87.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
22.6
(72.7)
23.1
(73.6)
25.2
(77.4)
25.9
(78.6)
24.8
(76.6)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.1
(77.2)
24.1
(75.4)
22.4
(72.3)
24.2
(75.5)
Average low °C (°F) 12.7
(54.9)
15.1
(59.2)
15.4
(59.7)
18.2
(64.8)
19.5
(67.1)
19.1
(66.4)
19.9
(67.8)
19.7
(67.5)
20.0
(68.0)
18.5
(65.3)
16.8
(62.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17.5
(63.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
4
(0.2)
15
(0.6)
52
(2.0)
2
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
15
(0.6)
30
(1.2)
10
(0.4)
2
(0.1)
132
(5.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 691 metres or 2,267 feet[16]

Media

Radio Laascaanood is the main radio station operating in the Sool region from Las Anod.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  2. ^ Regions of Somalia
  3. ^ Hassan, Abdiqani. "Dozens killed in clashes between two Somali regions in land dispute". Reuters. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  4. ^ Hassan, Harun Maruf. "Official: Somaliland-Puntland Clash Leaves 4 Dead". VOA News. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  5. ^ Senelwa, Kennedy. "Are Somaliland, Puntland ready for war over land?". The East African. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  6. ^ Moshe Y. Sachs, Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations, Volume 2, (Worldmark Press: 1988), p.290.
  7. ^ "Somalia: Somaliland forces fire on civilians in Las Anod, 1 killed" Garowe Online 7 November 2007
  8. ^ "Somalia: Protests in Las Anod against visiting Somaliland ministers" Garowe Online 21 October 2007, from Internet Archive
  9. ^ Somalia: Puntland leader warns of 'new civil war' as Somaliland forces attack Buhodle Archived 2012-04-27 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Averting War in Northern Somalia". International Crisis Group. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  11. ^ Hassan, Abdiqani. "Somaliland authorities arrest demonstrators, journalists covering protest". Reuters. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Two TV channels shut down, journalists arrested in Somaliland". Reporters Without Borders. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Somaliland authorities arrest demonstrators, journalists covering protest". African News. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  14. ^ Roble, Faisal (22 October 2007) "Somaliland: Is Invading Los Anod Part of Creating 'New Reality on the Ground'"? Archived 2008-05-25 at the Wayback Machine WardheerNews.Com
  15. ^ "Ilays National University". Ilays Educational Academy. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  16. ^ "Climate: Las Anod - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 25 September 2016.