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Lido di Venezia

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Lido di Venezia
20050525-033-lido.jpg
Lido Vaporetto terminal, seen from the Lagoon
Lido di Venezia is located in Venetian Lagoon
Lido di Venezia
Lido di Venezia
Location in the Venetian Lagoon
Geography
Coordinates45°24′02″N 12°21′38″E / 45.40062°N 12.360595°E / 45.40062; 12.360595Coordinates: 45°24′02″N 12°21′38″E / 45.40062°N 12.360595°E / 45.40062; 12.360595
Adjacent bodies of waterVenetian Lagoon
Area4 km2 (1.5 sq mi)
Length11 km (6.8 mi)
Highest elevation3 m (10 ft)
Administration
ComuneVenice

The Lido, or Venice Lido (Lido di Venezia), is an 11-kilometre-long (7-mile) sandbar in Venice, northern Italy; it is home to about 20,000 residents. The Venice Film Festival takes place at the Lido every September.[1]

Geography[edit]

The island is home to three settlements. The Lido itself, in the north, is home to the Film Festival, the Grand Hotel des Bains, the Venice Casino and the Hotel Excelsior Venice Lido. Malamocco, in the centre, was the first and, for a long time, the only settlement. It was at one time home to the Doge of Venice. Alberoni at the southern end is home to the golf course.[citation needed] Frequent public buses run the length of the island along the main street.

At least half the Adriatic side of the island is a sandy beach, much of it belonging to the various hotels that house the summer tourists. These include the renowned Hotel Excelsior and the Grand Hotel des Bains, setting for Thomas Mann's classic novel Death in Venice, currently undergoing major renovation. These beaches are private, though towards the northern and southern ends of the island there are two enormous public beaches. The Adriatic Sea is fairly clean and warm, ideal for children, with only the occasional jellyfish to disturb swimming.[citation needed]

The heart of the island is the Gran Viale Santa Maria Elisabetta, a wide street approximately 700 m long that leads from the lagoon and vaporetto (water bus) stop on one side across to the sea on the other. It houses hotels, shops, and tourist-centric restaurants.[citation needed]

Venezia Lido, a public airport suitable for smaller aircraft, is found on the NE end of Lido di Venezia. It has a 1000 m grass runway.[citation needed]

History[edit]

In 1177, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and Pope Alexander III signed the Treaty of Venice here following Frederick's defeat at the Battle of Legnano in 1176.[citation needed]

In 1202, at the beginning of the Fourth Crusade, it was used as a camp by tens of thousands of crusaders, who were blockaded there by the Venetians when they could not pay for the Venetian ships they needed for transport.[citation needed]

In 1857, the first sea bathing facility was set up. This was the first time that anything like it had been seen in Europe and soon, the lido became "The Lido", a byword for a beach resort. The Lido's success and the fascination of Venice nearby made the Lido famous worldwide.[citation needed]

Lido was also famous for its brothels in the first half of the 20th century.[citation needed]

Major beach facilities, hotels and private summer villas have remained the heart of an island that is still known as the "Golden Island".[citation needed]

In the 1960s, the improving post-war Italian economy created a real-estate boom in the island, and many Venetians moved to Lido to benefit from its modern infrastructure.

Venice Film Festival[edit]

The Lido di Venezia is home to the Venice International Film Festival (Italian: Mostra Internazionale d'Arte Cinematografica della Biennale di Venezia, "International Exhibition of Cinematographic Art of the Venice Biennale"). The fifth festival established its home. Designed and completed in 1937, the Palazzo del Cinema di Venezia was built on the Lido and has since been the Festival’s official site except for a three year exception from 1940 to 1942 when the festival was moved away from Venice for fear of bombing. Coincidentally, the city received almost no damage. The Lido has also hosted numerous film shoots such as the 1971 Italian-French drama film Death in Venice (original Italian title: Morte a Venezia) directed by Luchino Visconti and starring Dirk Bogarde and Björn Andrésen, based on the eponymous novella by German author Thomas Mann.

Legacy[edit]

The term Lido, originally coming from this island, is used to refer to certain types of outdoor swimming pools especially in Great Britain, and the "Lido deck" on a cruise ship. It also forms the first part of many place names in coastal locations throughout Italy.

The British travel writer Robin Saikia has written a literary history, The Venice Lido, charting the island's story from its early beginnings to the present day, published by Blue Guides.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hughes, Holly (Jan 14, 2010). "Frommer's 500 Extraordinary Islands". John Wiley & Sons. p. 5. Retrieved 1 December 2013.

External links[edit]