List of Arctic expeditions

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Gerardus Mercator's 1595 map of the Arctic

This list of Arctic expeditions is a timeline of historic Arctic exploration and explorers of the Arctic.

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

The death of Willem Barentsz

17th century[edit]

  • 1612–1613: Button expedition, commanded by Thomas Button
  • 1613: Several whaling expeditions, consisting of a total of at least thirty ships, from England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands crowd Spitsbergen's west coast
  • 1614: Dutch and French expeditions discover Jan Mayen
  • 1615: Robert Fotherby, in the pinnace Richard, is the first English expedition to reach Jan Mayen
  • 1616: English expedition piloted by William Baffin explores the Davis Strait–Baffin Bay region
  • 1619–1620: Danish expedition led by Jens Munk in Enhiörningen (Unicorn) and Lamprenen (Lamprey) to discover the Northwest Passage penetrated Davis Strait as far north as 69°, found Frobisher Bay, spent a winter in Hudson Bay
  • 1633–1634: I. Rebrov explores the mouth of the Lena River
  • 1633–1635: Ilya Perfilyev explores the Lena and Yana Rivers and intervening coast
  • 1638: I. Rebrov explores coast between the Lena and Indigirka Rivers
  • 1641: Dimitry Zyryan and Mikhail Stadukhin explore the mouth of the Indigirka River and adjoining coast
  • 1646: I. Ignatyev explores the mouth of the Kolyma River and adjoining coast
  • 1648: Ya. Semyonov explores the mouth of Kotuy River and adjoining coast
  • 1648: Semyon Dezhnev and Fedot Alekseyevich Popov explore from the Kolyma River through the Bering Strait
  • 1649: Mikhail Stadukhin explores the coast from the Kolyma River to the Bering Strait
  • 1686–1687: Ivan Tolstoukhov expedition explores the mouth of the Yenisey River and the coast of the Taymyr Peninsula

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

20th century[edit]

  • 1986–1989: David Scott Cowper became the first person to have completed the Northwest Passage single-handed as part of a circumnavigation of the world
  • 1988: Will Steger completes first south–north traverse of Greenland
  • 1988: Soviet–Canadian 1988 Polar Bridge Expedition a group of thirteen Russian and Canadian skiers set out from Siberia skiing to Canada over the North Pole aided by satellites.
  • 1992: Crossing of the Greenland inland ice from east to west by a Japanese expedition led by Kenji Yoshikawa
  • 1993–1994: Pam Flowers dog sledded alone2,500 mi (4,000 km) from Barrow, Alaska to Repulse Bay (Naujaat), Canada[12]
  • 1994: Shane Lundgren led expedition that began in Moscow and proceeded north of the Arctic Circle across Siberia to Magadan
  • 1995: Marek Kamiński unsupported walked to the North Pole on 23 May 1995 (27 December 1995, he reached the South Pole alone)

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ E. C. Coleman (2006). The Royal Navy in Polar Exploration: From Frobisher to Ross. Tempus. pp. 65–77. ISBN 9780752436609. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  2. ^ Beechey, F. W. (1843). A Voyage Of Discovery Towards The North Pole, Performed In His Majesty's Ships Dorothea And Trent, Under The Command Of Captain David Buchan, R. N., 1818. London: Richard Bentley. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  3. ^ *An Officer Of The Expedition (1821). Letters Written During The Later Voyage Of Discovery In The Western Arctic Sea. London: Sir Richard Phillips And Co. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  4. ^ "Polar Discovery". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
  5. ^ King, Richard (1836). Narrative Of A Journey To The Shores Of The Arctic Ocean In 1833, 1834, and 1835; Under The Command Of Capt. Back, R. N., Volume I. London: Richard Bentley. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  6. ^ King, Richard (1836). Narrative Of A Journey To The Shores Of The Arctic Ocean In 1833, 1834, and 1835; Under The Command Of Capt. Back, R. N., Volume II. London: Richard Bentley. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  7. ^ Sonntag, August (1865). Professor Sonntag's Thrilling Narrative Of The Grinnell Exploring Expedition To The Arctic Ocean In The Years 1853, 1854, and 1855 In Search of Sir John Franklin, Under The Command of Dr. E. K. Kane, U.S.N. Philadelphia: Jas. T. Lloyd & Co. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  8. ^ Bliss, Richard W.; Raymond Lee Newcomb (1882). Our Lost Explorers: The Narrative of The Jeanette Arctic Expedition. Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing Company. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
  9. ^ Graf Zeppelin’s Arctic Flight, 1931
  10. ^ Discoverer 1
  11. ^ "POES Project Timeline". NASA. Archived from the original on May 11, 2012.
  12. ^ Alone Across The Arctic
  13. ^ "Jean Lemire Chief of mission". 1000jours.canald.com. Canal D. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  14. ^ Dougary, Ginny (May 20, 2003). "Pen Hadow makes history by walking solo to the North Pole". The Times. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  15. ^ NTI Praises Women in Action for Completing 220-km Walk
  16. ^ "French Arctic adventurers end their mission due to bad weather". Radio France International. 2013-02-09. Retrieved 2017-08-02.
  17. ^ Montgomery, Marc (September 27, 2017). "Worrisome discovery near North Pole". Radio Canada International. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Freezing Temps and Rotting Hands: Speaking With the Men of the Record-Breaking Polar Row Expedition". Men's Journal. Retrieved 2017-10-05.