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List of Deputy Prime Ministers of Luxembourg

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The Deputy Prime Minister of Luxembourg is the second-highest position in the Luxembourgian cabinet. The Deputy serves a vital function in Luxembourg's collegiate cabinet system, deputises for the Prime Minister when he is absent, represents his or her own political party, and holds other government positions.

Since the position was created, in 1959, almost all governments have been coalitions of two of the three major parties: the Christian Social People's Party (CSV), the Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP), and the Democratic Party (DP). The current government, however, consists of the LSAP, the DP and the Greens, a novelty. The Deputy Prime Minister has always been a leading politician from the junior coalition partner.

Since 1989, the title of Deputy Prime Minister has been an official one,[1] although the position had been unofficially known by that name since its creation. From the position's creation until 1989, the Deputy Prime Minister went by the name of the Vice-President of the Government. This mirrored the Prime Minister's title, which was President of the Government until 1989.[2]

List of Deputy Prime Ministers[edit]

Deputy Prime Minister Party Start date End date Reason for departure Prime Minister Government
Eugène Schaus DP 2 March 1959 15 July 1964 Coalition partner changed[3] Pierre Werner Werner-Schaus Ministry I
Henry Cravatte LSAP 15 July 1964 6 February 1969 Coalition partner changed[4] Werner-Cravatte Ministry
Eugène Schaus DP 6 February 1969 15 June 1974 Government lost election[5] Werner-Schaus Ministry II
Raymond Vouel LSAP 15 June 1974 21 July 1976 Appointed to EC Commission[5] Gaston Thorn Thorn Ministry
Bernard Berg LSAP 21 July 1976 16 July 1979 Government lost election[6] Thorn Ministry
Gaston Thorn DP 16 July 1979 22 November 1980 Appointed EC President[7] Pierre Werner Werner-Thorn-Flesch Ministry
Colette Flesch DP 22 November 1980 20 July 1984 Coalition partner changed[8] Werner-Thorn-Flesch Ministry
Jacques Poos LSAP 20 July 1984 26 January 1995 Coalition partner changed[9] Jacques Santer Santer-Poos Ministry I, II, III
26 January 1995 7 August 1999 Jean-Claude Juncker Juncker-Poos Ministry
Lydie Polfer DP 7 August 1999 31 July 2004 Coalition partner changed Juncker-Polfer Ministry
Jean Asselborn LSAP 31 July 2004 4 December 2013 Resigned Juncker-Asselborn Ministry I, II
Etienne Schneider LSAP 4 December 2013 Incumbent (shared with Braz after 5 December 2018) Xavier Bettel Bettel–Schneider Ministry I, II
Félix Braz DG 5 December 2018 Incumbent (shared with Schneider) Bettel–Schneider Ministry II
Félix BrazEtienne SchneiderJean AsselbornLydie PolferJacques PoosColette FleschGaston ThornBernard BergRaymond VouelEugène SchausHenry CravatteEugène Schaus

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Thewes (2003), p. 205
  2. ^ Thewes (2003), p. 209
  3. ^ Thewes (2003), p. 160
  4. ^ Thewes (2003), p. 172
  5. ^ a b Thewes (2003), p. 182
  6. ^ Thewes (2003), p. 192
  7. ^ Thewes (2003), pp. 192-3
  8. ^ Thewes (2003), p. 204
  9. ^ Thewes (2003), p. 230

References[edit]

  • Thewes, Guy (July 2003). Les gouvernements du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg depuis 1848 (PDF) (in French) (Édition limitée ed.). Luxembourg City: Service Information et Presse. ISBN 2-87999-118-8. Retrieved 2006-07-19.