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List of European countries by population

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European countries by population
(UK shown as its constituent countries)

This list of European countries by population presents the list of 50 countries and 8 territories and dependencies located in Europe, broadly defined. Transcontinental countries are included if they are members of the Council of Europe. The constituent countries of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales are combined as the United Kingdom.

The most populated country in Europe is Russia.[1] Though more than 75% of this transcontinental country's land is in Asia, approximately 110 million people, or 77% of its population, are located within its European territory. The most populated country wholly within Europe is Germany.

The largest cities by total land area are Paris, London, Moscow, Berlin, Istanbul and Madrid. The most spoken languages are Russian, German, English, French, Turkish, Italian, Spanish, Ukrainian and Polish.

Table[edit]

Note: The ranking is determined by the given population figures, which are based on the latest available official figures. These figures may be official estimates, or may be somewhat out of date. Therefore the ranking is only approximate in the case of countries that are very close in population size.

     Transcontinental countries located in Europe and Asia.
     Countries located wholly in Asia but which may be considered European countries.

Rank[Note 1] Country
(or dependent territory)
Official population Date Regional grouping Source
1  Russia[Note 2] 146,877,088 January 1, 2018 EAEU Official Estimate
2  Germany 82,887,000 June 30, 2018 EU Official estimate
3  Turkey 82,003,882 December 31, 2018 Official estimate
4  France[Note 3] 67,372,000 November 1, 2018 EU Monthly official estimate
5  United Kingdom[Note 4] 66,040,229 June 30, 2017 EU Official annual estimate
6  Italy 60,390,560 Semptember 30, 2018 EU Monthly official estimate
7  Spain 46,733,038 July 1, 2018 EU Official estimate
8  Ukraine[Note 5] 42,220,824 October 1, 2018 Monthly official estimate
9  Poland 38,433,600 December 31, 2017 EU Official estimate
10  Romania 19,523,621 January 1, 2018 EU Official annual estimate
11  Kazakhstan 18,356,900 November 1, 2018 EAEU Official estimate
12  Netherlands 17,284,685 December 26, 2018 EU Official population clock
13  Belgium 11,449,656 November 1, 2018 EU Monthly official estimate
14  Greece 10,768,193 January 1, 2017 EU Official estimate
15  Czech Republic 10,627,794 September 30, 2018 EU Official quarterly estimate
16  Portugal 10,291,027 December 31, 2017 EU Official annual estimate
17  Sweden 10,215,250 October 31, 2018 EU Official monthly estimate
18  Azerbaijan 9,959,245 October 1, 2018 Official estimate
19  Hungary 9,771,000 January 1, 2018 EU Official annual estimate
20  Belarus 9,477,100 October 1, 2018 EAEU Official quarterly estimate
21  Austria 8,857,960 October 1, 2018 EU Quarterly provisional figure
22   Switzerland 8,526,932 September 30, 2018 EFTA Official provisional figure
23  Bulgaria 7,050,034 December 31, 2017 EU Official estimate
24  Serbia[Note 6] 7,001,444 January 1, 2018 Official annual estimate
25  Denmark 5,806,015 October 1, 2018 EU Official quarterly estimate
26  Finland 5,522,015 November 30, 2018 EU Monthly official estimate
27  Slovakia 5,445,087 June 30, 2018 EU Official estimate
28  Norway 5,323,933 October 1, 2018 EFTA Official quarterly estimate
29  Ireland 4,857,000 April 1, 2018 EU Official estimate
30  Croatia 4,105,493 December 31, 2017 EU Official estimate
31  Georgia[Note 7] 3,729,600 January 1, 2018 Official annual estimate
32  Moldova 3,547,539 January 1, 2018 Official estimate
33  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,511,372 June 30, 2016 Official estimate
34  Armenia 2,969,200 September 30, 2018 EAEU Official quarterly estimate
35  Albania 2,870,324 January 1, 2018 Official annual estimate
36  Lithuania 2,793,986 January 1, 2019 EU Monthly official estimate
37  North Macedonia 2,075,301 December 31, 2017 Official estimate
38  Slovenia 2,070,050 July 1, 2018 EU Official estimate
39  Latvia 1,921,300 December 1, 2018 EU Monthly official estimate
40  Kosovo[Note 8] 1,798,506 December 31, 2017 Official annual estimate
41  Estonia 1,319,133 January 1, 2018 EU Official estimate
42  Cyprus 864,200 December 31, 2017 EU Official annual estimate
43  Montenegro 622,359 January 1, 2018 Official estimate
44  Luxembourg 602,005 January 1, 2018 EU Official estimate
45  Malta 475,701 December 31, 2017 EU Official estimate
46  Iceland 355,620 September 30, 2018 EFTA Official quarterly estimate
 Jersey (UK) 105,500 December 31, 2017 Official estimate
 Isle of Man (UK) 83,314 April 24, 2016 2016 census result
47  Andorra 74,794 December 31, 2017 Official estimate
 Guernsey (UK) 62,063 December 31, 2017 Official estimate
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 51,237 November 1, 2018 Monthly official estimate
48  Monaco 38,300 December 31, 2017 Official annual estimate
49  Liechtenstein 38,201 June 30, 2018 EFTA Official semi annual estimate
 Gibraltar (UK) 33,573 December 31, 2015 EU Official estimate
50  San Marino 33,407 November 30, 2018 Official monthly estimate
 Åland Islands (Finland) 29,489 December 31, 2017 EU Official estimate
51   Vatican City 800 January 1, 2014 Official estimate

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only for widely recognized and non-dependent territories
  2. ^ Including the disputed territory of the Republic of Crimea, the city of Sevastopol (the so-called Crimean Federal District)
  3. ^ Population of the 18 regions of France. Excluding Overseas Territories and Collectivities: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Clipperton Island, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
  4. ^ Including the constituent countries of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Excluding the 14 Overseas Territories and 3 Crown dependencies. Gibraltar, Jersey, the Isle of Man, and Guernsey shown separately below.
  5. ^ Excluding the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and City of Sevastopol, Ukraine's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are disputed with and de facto administered by Russia. However includes all territory in the Donbass region where there are ongoing insurgencies by separatist forces.
  6. ^ Excludes Kosovo.
  7. ^ Excludes Abkhazia (242,862, census 2011) and South Ossetia (53,559, census 2015).
  8. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is recognized as an independent state by 103 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Russia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 2019. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)