List of World Heritage Sites in Japan
Japan accepted the UNESCO World Heritage Convention on 30 June 1992. As of July 2018, twenty-two properties have been inscribed on the World Heritage List: seventeen cultural sites and four natural sites. A further eight sites and one site extension have been submitted for future inscription and are currently on the Tentative List as of 2017.
World Heritage Sites
The Tentative List consists of sites previously nominated, but not yet inscribed.
As in other countries, several World Heritage Sites in Japan have been marked by controversy. The Hashima (Gunkanjima/Battleship Island) former coal mine has been the subject of the most controversy because of the Japanese government's refusal to acknowledge its wartime history of forced labor by Korean and Chinese prisoners. Recent academic research has questioned the Japanese government's compliance with UNESCO regulations and requirements with respect to the Hashima site. In 2005, UNESCO designated Shiretoko a World Heritage Site, advising to develop the property jointly with the Kuril Islands of Russia as a transboundary "World Heritage Peace Park". However, Shiretoko's listing as Natural Heritage was seen by the Indigenous Ainu as contradicting the long history of Ainu settlement in the park area..Controversies over the Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region have also been widely discussed. After two professors at the Mt. Fuji World Heritage Centre, Shizuoka were controversially forced to quit their jobs due to academic and racial harassment by officials of Shizuoka prefecture government in March 2018, comments on social media called for the cancellation of Mt. Fuji's World Heritage inscription.。
Performance of Japan in UNESCO
|UNESCO List||Exclusive Entries of Japan||Shared/Multinational Entries Involving Japan||Total|
|UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves||8||—||8|
|UNESCO World Heritage List||21||1||22|
|UNESCO Memory of the World Register||5||2||7|
|UNESCO Global Geoparks Network||10||—||10|
|UNESCO Creative Cities Network||8||—||8|
|UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists||24||—||24|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to World Heritage Sites in Japan.|
- Cultural Properties of Japan
- National Treasures of Japan
- Cultural Landscapes of Japan
- National parks of Japan
- "Japan". UNESCO. Retrieved 2017-05-08.
- M. Hudson, M. Aoyama, “Occupational apartheid and national parks: the Shiretoko world heritage site,” in F. Kronenberg, N. Pollard, D. Sakellariou, eds. Occupational Therapies Without Borders: Towards an Ecology of Occupation Based Practices (Edinburgh: Elsevier), pp. 247-255
- 「富士山世界遺産センター、２教授退職しピンチ」[Mt. Fuji World Heritage Centre in trouble after 2 Professors quit]『読売新聞』Yomiuri Newspaper 朝刊2018年4月3日 [April 3, 2018]
- (in Japanese) World Heritage Sites in Japan
- (in Japanese) Database of National Cultural Properties - World Heritage (世界遺産)