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List of female castellans in Japan

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A list of female castellans in Japanese history.

Definition[edit]

The list includes the following persons:

  • Women who inherited the leadership of a Samurai clan.
  • A woman who was named commander of the castle by a Daimyo.
  • Due to the death of a male owner, his wife or daughter formally inherit the leadership of the castle.

The list does not include:

  • Women who had great political power but were not formally clan or castle leaders.
  • Reigning Empresses or Regents
  • Women who was the owner of part or compartment of a castle, like Kodai-in who gaved the eastern ward of Osaka Castle to Tokugawa Ieyasu.
  • Women who received honorable titles, such as Lady Kasuga who was named '' Jōrō Otoshiyori '' (上 臈 御 年 寄) and commanded the Ōoku area of Edo Castle
  • Buildings or areas that cannot be considered a Japanese castle.

List[edit]

Name Allegiance Castle Reign
Hikone-tachibana.pngIi Naotora[1] Japanese crest Imagawa Akadori.svg Imagawa clan Iinoya Castle (Tōtōmi Province) 1565-1568
Otazu no kata[2] None[a] Hikuma Castle (Tōtōmi Province) 1566-1568
Hikone-tachibana.pngIi Naotora(2)[1] Mitsubaaoi.jpg Matsudaira clan Iinoya Castle (Tōtōmi Province) 1568-1572
Oda emblem.svgLady Otsuya Oda emblem.svg Oda clan Iwamura Castle (Mino province) 1572
Hikone-tachibana.pngIi Naotora(3)[1] Mitsubaaoi.jpg Matsudaira clan Iinoya Castle (Tōtōmi Province) 1573-1582
Japanese Crest Tachibana Mamori.svgTachibana Ginchiyo Japanese Crest daki Gyouyou.svg Ōtomo clan Tachibana Castle (Chikuzen province) 1575-1581
Japanese Crest mitumori Kikkou ni Hanabishi.svgOnamihime[3] Marunimitsuhikiryo.svg Ashina clan Sukagawa Castle (Mutsu province) 1582-1588
Ashikaga mon.svgAshikaga Ujinohime Mitsuuroko.svgLater Hōjō clan[b] Koga Castle (Shimōsa Province) 1583-1590
Enkyūni Hiashi.jpg Ryūzōji clan Kamafunatsu Castle (Chikugo Province) 1584[4]
Goshichi no kiri inverted.svgYodo-dono Goshichi no kiri inverted.svg Toyotomi clan Yodo castle (Yamashiro Province) 1589[5]
Japanese Crest Nitta hitotu Hiki.svgAkai Teruko Goshichi no kiri inverted.svg Toyotomi clan Ushiku castle 1590[6]
Ashikaga mon.svgAshikaga Ujinohime(2) Goshichi no kiri inverted.svg Toyotomi clan→
Ashikaga mon.svg Kitsuregawa clan
Kōnosu Palace 1590-1620
Seishin-ni Japanese Crest Nannbu Turu.svg Nanbu clan Ne Castle (Mutsu province) 1614-1620[7]

Others evidences of female castellans[edit]

A sequence of women who acted remarkably as castellans, without being formal heiress, or female castellans where there is little detail about their administration, area and castle.

Sengoku period (1467–1603)[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Equivocal between Matsudaira clan and Takeda clan
  2. ^ She was de facto Koga kubō, title equivalent to shōgun, but in fact puppet of Hōjō clan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 祖山法忍『井伊家伝記』国文学研究資料館:井伊家伝記:NO=13、NO=14、NO=24、NO=25、NO=26、NO=27、NO=28、NO=29、NO=30
  2. ^ Yamaga Sokō, 山鹿素行著『武家事紀』山鹿素行先生全集刊行会 1673年※国立国会図書館デジタルコレクション ※国立国会図書館デジタルコレクション
  3. ^ 芳賀登ほか監修『日本女性人名辞典』(日本図書センター、1993年 ISBN 978-4820578819
  4. ^ 百武志摩守と圓久尼 [1]
  5. ^ a b "城百科:淀古城 - 淀殿が居住した城 江戸時代に築城の淀城とは別(京都府 伏見区)". www.hat.hi-ho.ne.jp.
  6. ^ 新田の史蹟 (in Japanese). 岡部福蔵. 1938.
  7. ^ 柳谷 慶子 (2007), 近世の女性相続と介護, 吉川弘文館, p. 37, ISBN 9784642034203
  8. ^ 日本人名大辞典+Plus,朝日日本歴史人物事典, デジタル版. "赤松洞松院(あかまつ どうしょういん)とは". コトバンク (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-06-04.
  9. ^ 駒沢史学 (in Japanese). 駒沢大学史学会. 1996.
  10. ^ "史籍雑纂. 苐二 - 国立国会図書館デジタルコレクション". dl.ndl.go.jp. Retrieved 2019-05-12.
  11. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (2012-01-20). Samurai Women 1184–1877. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781780963334.
  12. ^ 脇田晴子 「妙林尼」『日本歴史大事典』 小学館. ISBN 978-4095230016.
  13. ^ Schurhammer, Georg (1955). Franz Xaver: sein Leben und seine Zeit (in German). Herder. ISBN 9783451165184.
  14. ^ "梟雄・津軽為信も、密かに「女」の怨念を恐れていた!?". shuchi.php.co.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-04-08.