List of female castellans in Japan
A list of female castellans in Japanese history.
The list includes the following persons:
- Women who inherited the leadership of a Samurai clan.
- A woman who was named commander of the castle by a Daimyo.
- Due to the death of a male owner, his wife or daughter formally inherit the leadership of the castle.
The list does not include:
- Women who had great political power but were not formally clan or castle leaders.
- Reigning Empresses or Regents
- Women who was the owner of part or compartment of a castle, like Kodai-in who gaved the eastern ward of Osaka Castle to Tokugawa Ieyasu.
- Women who received honorable titles, such as Lady Kasuga who was named '' Jōrō Otoshiyori '' (上 臈 御 年 寄) and commanded the Ōoku area of Edo Castle
- Buildings or areas that cannot be considered a Japanese castle.
|Ii Naotora||Imagawa clan||Iinoya Castle (Tōtōmi Province)||1565-1568|
|Otazu no kata||None[a]||Hikuma Castle (Tōtōmi Province)||1566-1568|
|Ii Naotora(2)||Matsudaira clan||Iinoya Castle (Tōtōmi Province)||1568-1572|
|Lady Otsuya||Oda clan||Iwamura Castle (Mino province)||1572|
|Ii Naotora(3)||Matsudaira clan||Iinoya Castle (Tōtōmi Province)||1573-1582|
|Tachibana Ginchiyo||Ōtomo clan||Tachibana Castle (Chikuzen province)||1575-1581|
|Onamihime||Ashina clan||Sukagawa Castle (Mutsu province)||1582-1588|
|Ashikaga Ujinohime||（Later Hōjō clan）[b]||Koga Castle (Shimōsa Province)||1583-1590|
|Enkyūni||Ryūzōji clan||Kamafunatsu Castle (Chikugo Province)||1584|
|Yodo-dono||Toyotomi clan||Yodo castle (Yamashiro Province)||1589|
|Akai Teruko||Toyotomi clan||Ushiku castle||1590|
|Ashikaga Ujinohime(2)|| Toyotomi clan→
|Seishin-ni||Nanbu clan||Ne Castle (Mutsu province)||1614-1620|
Others evidences of female castellans
A sequence of women who acted remarkably as castellans, without being formal heiress, or female castellans where there is little detail about their administration, area and castle.
Sengoku period (1467–1603)
- Akamatsu Tōshōin: She was a de facto Daimyo of the Akamatsu clan. She was a guardian of Akamatsu Yoshimura. After Yoshimura's death, Tōshōin took total control of the clan as the leader in 1521.
- Jukei-ni: She acted as guardian and adviser to Ujiteru, Yoshimoto and her grandson Imagawa Ujizane. She has spent four generations of daimyos and it is said that she was de facto the last Sengoku daimyo of the Imagawa clan.
- Ikeda Sen: ''Tōdaiki'' (当代記) describes that she owned lands with a revenue equivalent to 10,000 koku, like a minor daimyo.
- Myorin: Luís Fróis describes that a woman was the ruler of an area that is currently the Ōita city, that woman was probably Myorin. Her son inherits the clan leadership after the death of Yoshioka Akioki. Because he is very young, Myorin becomes the representative head of Tsurusaki castle as a counselor for her son. Cases like these were common in all of Japanese history.
- Yodo-dono: She formally received Yodo Castle in 1589. After Hideyoshi's death, she acted as guardian of his heir Toyotomi Hideyori. Following the fall of the Council of Five Elders that resulted in the Battle of Sekigahara, Yodo-dono becomes the chief representative of the Toyotomi clan and Osaka Castle.
- Lady Nata: In Otomo Family Document (大友家文書録) , it is described that she owned lands on the Kunisaki Peninsula, an area run by her family, the Nata clan.
- Fujishiro Gozen: She was the female castellan of a minor castle, the Fujishiro-kan (藤代館) in Mutsu Province.
- Yamaga Sokō, 山鹿素行著『武家事紀』山鹿素行先生全集刊行会 1673年※国立国会図書館デジタルコレクション ※国立国会図書館デジタルコレクション
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- 百武志摩守と圓久尼 
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- 新田の史蹟 (in Japanese). 岡部福蔵. 1938.
- 柳谷 慶子 (2007), 近世の女性相続と介護, 吉川弘文館, p. 37, ISBN 9784642034203
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