List of islands of Japan

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The four hundred main islands of Japan run from Hokkaido in the north-east, along the largest island, Honshu, to Kyushu, in the south-west. The fourth and smallest of the islands, Shikoku, lies tucked between Honshu to the north and Kyushu to the east.
The four main islands of Japan

The four main islands of Japan are:

Japan also has over 6,000 smaller islands, of which only approximately 430 are inhabited.[4]

List of smaller islands of Japan[edit]

Hokkaido prefecture[edit]

Islands of Honshu in the Sea of Japan[edit]

Islands in Tokyo Bay (artificial islands)[edit]

Islands in Osaka Bay (artificial islands)[edit]

Islands in Ise Bay[edit]

Islands in Mutsu Bay[edit]

Islands in the Pacific Ocean[edit]

Islands around Kyushu[edit]

Most of these are located in the East China Sea.

Islands around Shikoku[edit]

Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shotō)[edit]

Satsunan Islands[edit]

The northern half is administratively part of Kagoshima Prefecture and Kyushu.

Ōsumi Islands[edit]

The North-Eastern Group:

The North-Western Group:

Tokara Islands[edit]

The Shichi-tō:

Amami Islands[edit]

Ryukyu Islands (Ryūkyū-shotō)[edit]

The Southern Half, Okinawa Prefecture

Okinawa Islands[edit]

The Central Group or Ryukyu proper:

Sakishima Islands[edit]

Also known as the Further Isles:

Islands in the Inland Sea[edit]

Islands in lakes[edit]

Other artificial islands[edit]

Claims but does not control[edit]

The Northern Territories[edit]

There are the four disputed Kuril Islands, also known as the Chishima Islands.[16]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Imperial Japanese Commission, pp. 3-4.
  2. ^ a b Imperial Japanese Commission to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. (1903). Japan in the Beginning of the 20th century (Haruki Yamawaki, editor), p. 2.
  3. ^ Imperial Japanese Commission, pp. 2-3.
  4. ^ Look Japan, Vol. 43, Issues 493-504, p. 35; retrieved 2013-3-2.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Rishiri-tō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 791.
  6. ^ a b c d Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Sovereign and Subject, p. 332.
  7. ^ a b c d e Ponsonby-Fane, p. 331.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Nussbaum, "Izu Shotō" at p. 412.
  9. ^ Gotoh, H. et al. (2010). "Infrastructure Maintenance and Disaster Prevention Measures on Isolated Islands: the Case of the Izu Islands near Tokyo" in Island Sustainability (Favro, S., editor), p. 187.
  10. ^ Nussbaum, p. 412; Ponsonby-Fane, p. 332.
  11. ^ Nussbaum, "Ōshima" at p. 761.
  12. ^ Nussbaum, "Torishima" at p. 987.
  13. ^ a b c d Nussbaum, "Ogasawara Guntō" at p. 737.
  14. ^ Nussbaum, "Hashima" at p. 294.
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ Imperial Japanese Commission, p. 3.