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List of largest art museums

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This list of largest art museums in the world ranks art museums and other museums that contain mostly pieces of art by the best available estimates of total exhibition space.

Inclusion criteria[edit]

Only gallery space is considered, as opposed to the public space or total building space.

These museums are mainly[vague] composed of man-made artifacts with an important aesthetical dimension (i.e., natural history, social history, science and technology museums are excluded, as well as palaces whose purpose is primarily historical and architectural and secondarily as an art collection). Museums contained inside a bigger institution are not considered as one entity if they are not at the same location.

For purposes of this list, large museums are those with more than 8,000 square meters (86,000 sq ft) of gallery space. Where noted in the list, sizes were estimated by detailed examination of floor plans and satellite images,[original research?] as no referenced numbers were available.

Largest art museums[edit]

Art Museums
Rank Building Name City Country Gallery space in m2 (sq ft) Year established
1 Paris 75001 Cour Napoléon Louvre Aile Turgot 02b 20141107 125236.jpg Louvre Paris  France 72,735
(782,910)[1]
1792
2 Hermitage West facade Saint Petersburg N wing.jpg State Hermitage Museum St. Petersburg  Russia 66,842
(719,480)[2]
1764
3 Chinese National Museum.jpg National Museum of China Beijing  China 65,000
(700,000)[3]
1959
4 Metropolitan Museum of Art - panoramio.jpg Metropolitan Museum of Art New York City  United States 58,820
(633,100)[4]
1870
5 Vatican Museums outside.jpg Vatican Museums Vatican City (Rome)   Vatican City 43,000
(460,000)[4]
1506
6 TokyoNationalMuseum.jpg Tokyo National Museum Tokyo  Japan 38,000
(410,000)[5][note 1][6]
1872
7 Royal Ontario Museum.jpg Royal Ontario Museum Toronto  Canada 36,000
(390,000)[7]
1912
8 Museo Nacional de Antropología - Wiki takes Antropología 007.jpg National Museum of Anthropology Mexico City  Mexico 33,000
(360,000)[8]
1964
9 Victoria and Albert Museum-1.jpg Victoria and Albert Museum London  United Kingdom 30,658
(330,000)[9][10]
1852
10 National Museum of Korea.jpg National Museum of Korea Seoul  South Korea 27,090
(291,600)[11]
1909
11 Art Institute of Chicago Michigan Avenue.jpg Art Institute of Chicago Chicago  United States 26,000
(280,000)[12][note 2]
1879
12 Nanjing Museum1.jpg Nanjing Museum Nanjing  China 26,000
(280,000)[13]
1933
13 British Museum from NE 2.JPG British Museum London  United Kingdom 25,700
(277,000)[4]
1753
14 NGA-EastBldg.jpg National Gallery of Art Washington  United States 25,200
(271,000)[14]
1937
15 MASS MoCA 1.jpg MASS MoCA North Adams  United States 23,225
(249,990)[15]
1999
16 Park of the Cinquantenaire - Royal Museums of Art and History, Brussels, 2010 (HDR 2).jpg Cinquantenaire Museum Brussels  Belgium 22,000
(240,000)[16][note 1][17]
1835
17 3GorgesMuseum.jpg Three Gorges Museum Chongqing  China 20,858
(224,510)[18]
2005
18 Mfa boston af.jpg Museum of Fine Arts Boston  United States 20,500
(221,000)[19]
1870
19 Shandong Art Museum Jinan  China 19,700
(212,000)[20]
1977
20 Israel Museum Black and White (6898548048).jpg Israel Museum Jerusalem  Israel 18,500
(199,000)[21]
1965
21 National Gallery Singapore - Joy of Museums - External.jpg National Gallery Singapore Singapore  Singapore 18,000
(190,000)[22]
2015
22 Minneapolis Institute of Arts.jpg Minneapolis Institute of Art Minneapolis  United States 17,500
(188,000)[23]
1883
23 Venezia-Arsenale.jpg Arsenal (Biennale) Venice  Italy 17,000
(180,000)[24]
1895
24 Centre Georges-Pompidou from Notre-Dame de Paris 2011.jpg Musée National d'Art Moderne Paris  France 17,000
(180,000)[25]
1947
25 Orsay Museum.JPG Musée d'Orsay Paris  France 16,853
(181,400)[26]
1986
26 The Otsuka Museum of Art13s3872.jpg Ōtsuka Museum of Art Naruto  Japan 16,000
(170,000)[27][note 1][28][29]
1998
27 2017 SFMOMA from Yerba Buena Gardens.jpg San Francisco Museum of Modern Art San Francisco  United States 15,800
(170,000)[30]
1935
28 Museo del Prado 2016 (25185969599).jpg Museo del Prado Madrid  Spain 15,400
(166,000)[31]
1819
29 Philadephia Museum of Art.jpg Philadelphia Museum of Art Philadelphia  United States 15,200
(164,000)[32][note 1][note 3]
1876
30 Denver Art Gallery 02.JPG Denver Art Museum Denver  United States 15,000
(160,000)[33][34]
1918
31 Egyptian museum cairo.JPG Egyptian Museum Cairo  Egypt 15,000
(160,000)[35]
1902
32 ReggiaCapodimonte.JPG Museo di Capodimonte Naples  Italy 15,000
(160,000)[36][note 1]
1757
33 Pavilhão Ciccillo Matarazzo.JPG Matarazzo Ciccillo (Bienal) São Paulo  Brazil 15,000
(160,000)[37]
1951
34 Dia Beacon 19.JPG Dia:Beacon Beacon, New York  United States 14,900
(160,000)[38]
2003
35 Dallas Museum of Art July 2015 01.jpg Dallas Museum of Art Dallas  United States 14,800
(159,000)[23]
1903
36 Edificio Sabatini. Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía.jpg Museo Reina Sofía Madrid  Spain 14,756
(158,830)[39][40][note 4]
1992
37 MMCA-Gwacheon.jpg MMCA, Gwacheon Gwacheon  South Korea 14,144
(152,240)[41]
1969
38 Detroit Institute of Arts - IMG 8923.JPG Detroit Institute of Arts Detroit  United States 14,000
(150,000)[42]
1885
39 Maria-Theresien-Platz Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien 2010.jpg Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna  Austria 14,000
(150,000)[43][note 1][44]
1891
40 National Art Center Tokyo 2008.jpg Tokyo National Art Center Tokyo  Japan 14,000
(150,000)[45]
2007
41 NTMOFA6.jpg National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts Taichung  Taiwan 13,600
(146,000)[46]
1988
42 Praha Veletržní palác jih.jpg National Gallery in Prague (Veletržní) Prague  Czech Republic 13,500
(145,000)[47]
1796
43 Indy-Art-Museum-Szmurlo.jpg Indianapolis Museum of Art Indianapolis  United States 13,300
(143,000)[48]
1883
44 Bayerisches Nationalmuseum.JPG Bavarian National Museum Munich  Germany 13,000
(140,000)[49]
1855
45 Brooklyn Museum June 2008 sunset jeh.JPG Brooklyn Museum New York City  United States 13,000
(140,000)[50][note 1]
1895
46 Capital Museum in Beijing.jpg Capital Museum Beijing  China 13,000
(140,000)[51][52]
1981
47 Museum of Fine Arts, main entrance, Montreal.jpg Montreal Museum of Fine Arts Montreal  Canada 13,000
(140,000)[53]
1860
48 Galería Nacional, Londres, Inglaterra, 2014-08-07, DD 035.JPG National Gallery London  United Kingdom 13,000
(140,000)[note 5][54]
1824
49 National Gallery of Victoria ext 01.JPG National Gallery of Victoria (St Kilda Road) Melbourne  Australia 13,000
(140,000)[55]
1861
50 Palais-de-Tokyo-lumière8.JPG Palais de Tokyo Paris  France 13,000
(140,000)[56]
2001
51 Salar jung museum hyderabad.jpg Salar Jung Museum Hyderabad  India 13,000
(140,000)[57]
1855
52 Virginia Museum of Fine Arts - entrance Fall2010.JPG Virginia Museum of Fine Arts Richmond  United States 12,500
(135,000)[58]
1934
53 Tate Modern - exteriér I. (3. 10. 2004).JPG Tate Modern London  United Kingdom 12,427
(133,760)[59]
2000
54 Springtime art museum.jpg Cleveland Museum of Art Cleveland  United States 12,400
(133,000)[23]
1913
55 Musee des beaux-arts du Canada - 001.jpg National Gallery of Canada Ottawa  Canada 12,400
(133,000)[60]
1880
56 Kunsthalle Hamburg.jpg Hamburger Kunsthalle Hamburg  Germany 12,000
(130,000)[61]
1869
57 Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam) 2.JPG Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Rotterdam  Netherlands 12,000
(130,000)[62]
1849
58 MFAHCarolineWeissLaw.JPG Houston Museum of Fine Arts Houston  United States 12,000
(130,000)[63][note 6]
1900
59 Jaipur House Delhi.jpg National Gallery of Modern Art New Delhi  India 12,000
(130,000)[64]
1954
60 Beaux arts lille.jpg Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille Lille  France 12,000
(130,000)[65]
1809
61 Pinakothek der Moderne Nord.jpg Pinakothek der Moderne Munich  Germany 12,000
(130,000)[66]
2002
62 Rijksmuseum (3400724608).jpg Rijksmuseum Amsterdam  Netherlands 12,000
(130,000)[67]
1800
63 Moscow, Krymsky Val Street 10-14 2014 02.JPG Tretyakov Gallery (Krymsky Val) Moscow  Russia 12,000
(130,000)[68]
1985
64 Millwaukee Museum from south-west.jpg Milwaukee Art Museum Milwaukee  United States 11,900
(128,000)[69]
1882
65 Taipei Fine Arts Museum 20150919.jpg Taipei Fine Arts Museum Taipei  Taiwan 11,700
(126,000)[70]
1983
66 WLA filmlinc MOMA 4.jpg Museum of Modern Art New York City  United States 11,600
(125,000)[71]
1929
67 AGO at dusk.jpg Art Gallery of Ontario Toronto  Canada 11,500
(124,000)[72]
1900
68 NSWAG.jpg Art Gallery of New South Wales Sydney  Australia 11,000
(120,000)[73]
1874
69 Muzeum Kapitolinskie.JPG Capitoline Museums Rome  Italy 11,000
(120,000)[74]
1734
70 Fondazione prada, milano, cortile 02.JPG Fondazione Prada Milan  Italy 11,000
(120,000)[75]
1993
71 Museo Guggenheim, Bilbao.JPG Guggenheim Museum Bilbao  Spain 11,000
(120,000)[76]
1997
72 Highsmithlacmaoblique.jpg Los Angeles County Museum of Art Los Angeles  United States 11,000
(120,000)[77]
1910
73 MAC-USP, fachada 5.JPG MAC-University of São Paulo São Paulo  Brazil 11,000
(120,000)[78][note 1]
1963
74 Pergamonmuseum Front.jpg Pergamon Museum Berlin  Germany 11,000
(120,000)[79][note 1]
1910
75 Shaanxi History Museum 2.JPG Shaanxi History Museum Xi'an  China 11,000
(120,000)[80]
1991
76 HangarBicocca, vue du haut du Hangar.jpg HangarBicocca Milan  Italy 10,900
(117,000)[81]
2012
77 Museu nacional d'art de catalunya.jpg Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya Barcelona  Spain 10,500
(113,000)[82]
1934
78 Tibet Museum1.jpg Tibet Museum Lhasa  China 10,500
(113,000)[83]
1999
79 Portland Art Museum Mark Building - Oregon.JPG Portland Art Museum Portland, Oregon  United States 10,400
(112,000)[84]
1892
80 Budapest Fine Arts Museum R01.jpg Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest Budapest, Hungary  Hungary 10,300
(111,000)[85]
1906
81 Carnegie Museum of Art.JPG Carnegie Museum of Art Pittsburgh  United States 10,000
(110,000)[86]
1896
82 HambgBhf 1a.jpg Hamburger Bahnhof Berlin  Germany 10,000
(110,000)[87]
1996
83 Basler Kunstmuseum.jpg Kunstmuseum Basel Basel   Switzerland 10,000
(110,000)[88]
1936
84 MAXXI ingresso 04.jpg MAXXI Rome  Italy 10,000
(110,000)[89]
2010
85 Museo Egizio e Galleria sabauda, Torino.jpg Museo Egizio Turin  Italy 10,000
(110,000)[90]
1824
86 Museum kunst palast East facade.jpg Museum Kunstpalast Düsseldorf  Germany 10,000
(110,000)[91]
1913
87 MMCA-Gwacheon.jpg MMCA, Seoul Seoul  South Korea 10,000
(110,000)[92]
2013
88 Poznan 10-2013 img01 National Museum.jpg National Museum, Poznań Poznań  Poland 10,000
(110,000)[93][note 1]
1857
89 RIAN archive 308973 Central gates of the Russian Museum in St.Petersburg.jpg Russian Museum Saint-Petersburg  Russia 10,000
(110,000)[94][95][96][note 1]
1895
90 Stlouisartmuseum.JPG Saint Louis Art Museum St. Louis  United States 10,000
(110,000)[23]
1881
91 Milano - Castello sforzesco - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto 11-giugno-2006 03.jpg Museums of Sforza Castle Milan  Italy 10,000
(110,000)[97][note 1]
1896
92 PikiWiki Israel 15282 Tel Aviv Museum of Art.jpg Tel Aviv Museum of Art Tel Aviv  Israel 10,000
(110,000)[note 7][98][99]
1932
93 Taipei Taiwan National-Palace-Museum-02.jpg National Palace Museum Taipei  Taiwan 9,613
(103,470)[100]
1925
94 Museo Arqueológico Nacional de España 01.jpg National Archaeological Museum Madrid  Spain 9,300
(100,000)[101]
1867
95 Musée Fabre - panoramio.jpg Musée Fabre Montpellier  France 9,300
(100,000)[102]
1828
96 Bardo Museum east-1.JPG Bardo National Museum Tunis  Tunisia 9,000
(97,000)[103]
1888
97 Cité de l'architecture 001.jpg Cité de l'Architecture et du Patrimoine Paris  France 9,000
(97,000)[104]
1879
98 National Museum New Delhi.jpg National Museum, New Delhi New Delhi  India 9,000
(97,000)[105][note 1]
1809
99 Nasjonalgalleriet oslo.jpg National Gallery Oslo  Norway 9,000
(97,000)[106]
1842
100 Shanghai - Power Station of Art (12250570163).jpg Power Station of Art (Biennale) Shanghai  China 9,000
(97,000)[107]
2012
101 SAAM facade.jpg Smithsonian American Art Museum Washington, D.C.  United States 8,800
(95,000)[108]
1829
102 Musee du quai Branly exterieur.jpg Musée du quai Branly Paris  France 8,750
(94,200)[109]
2006
103 辽宁省博物馆新馆.jpg Liaoning Provincial Museum Shenyang  China 8,500
(91,000)[110]
1949
104 Milano Banca Commerciale.JPG Gallerie di Piazza Scala Milan  Italy 8,300
(89,000)[111]
2011
105 National Art Museum Of China.jpg National Art Museum of China Beijing  China 8,300
(89,000)[112]
1958
106 Galleria degli Uffizi Florence.jpg Galleria degli Uffizi Florence  Italy 8,000
(86,000)[citation needed]
1581
107 IMG 0386 - Galleria nazionale d'arte moderna, front.jpg Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna Rome  Italy 8,000
(86,000)[113][note 1]
1883
108 Le parvis d'entrée de la Gemäldegalerie (Berlin) (11476462646).jpg Gemäldegalerie Berlin  Germany 8,000
(86,000)[114]
1830
109 Louvre Abu Dhabi Abu Dhabi  UAE 8,000
(86,000)[115]
2017
110 Cologne Germany Roofs-of-Museum-Ludwig-01.jpg Museum Ludwig Cologne  Germany 8,000
(86,000)[116]
1976
111 Archäologisches Nationalmuseum Athen.jpg National Archaeological Museum Athens  Greece 8,000
(86,000)[117]
1866
112 Neues Museum Berlin.jpg Neues Museum Berlin  Germany 8,000
(86,000)[118]
1855
113 Paris - Petit Palais.jpg Petit Palais Paris  France 8,000
(86,000)[119]
1902
114 Gmii.jpg Pushkin Museum Moscow  Russia 8,000
(86,000)[120][note 1]
1898
115 Stedelijk Museum 1.jpg Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam  Netherlands 8,000
(86,000)[121]
1874
116 Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza (Madrid) 08.jpg Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum Madrid  Spain 8,000
(86,000)[122][note 1]
1992
117 Toledo Museum of Art Monroe Street entrance.jpg Toledo Museum of Art Toledo, Ohio  United States 8,000
(86,000)[123][note 1]
1901
118 Moscow 05-2012 TretyakovGallery.jpg Tretyakov Gallery Moscow  Russia 8,000
(86,000)[124][note 1]
1856
119 M. H. de Young Memorial Museum.jpg de Young San Francisco  United States 7,900
(85,000)[125]
1895
120 0 Nelson-Atkins X3.jpg Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art Kansas City  United States 7,900
(85,000)[23]
1933

Large museums with unknown or unreliable figures[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Floor plan on museum website used to identify which spaces in the museum building are gallery spaces. Dimensions of building in feet established from satellite view of museum building from Google Maps. Total square footage of gallery spaces then calculated based on dimensions of gallery spaces in floor plan.
  2. ^ 65,000 sqft expansion adds 30% of gallery space
  3. ^ Includes Perelman Building
  4. ^ References for historical building + extension
  5. ^ Main buildings : Law and Beck
  6. ^ 5,000 sqm original exhibition space, doubled by extension
  7. ^ 20,000 square meters for building space

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