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List of political parties in Finland

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Finland

This article is a list of political parties in Finland, which includes Finland's national-level political parties and excludes local and provincial parties (such as the parties of Åland). A party is defined as a political association whose existence is recorded in the Ministry of Justice's party register.[1]

Finland has a multi-party system. Coalition governments which comprise a majority of seats in the Parliament of Finland are the norm. Those parties which are not in government are called the opposition. Parties work in parliamentary groups (eduskuntaryhmät), usually voting with party discipline, which is however not absolute.

Parties are composed of local chapters based in municipalities. In municipalities, which are fundamental administrative units of the country, parties hold seats in the municipal councils, but often have to compete for them with local non-party groups.

Finnish law states that a political association which fulfills certain conditions is eligible to become a political party free of charge.[1] Among these conditions are:

  • that the primary purpose of the association is to affect governmental affairs,
  • that it has received at least 5,000 votes in any parliamentary, municipal, or European Parliament election,
  • that the association's rules secure the following of democratic principles in its decision making and activities,
  • and that it has a general program based on these rules which expresses the association's principles and goals regarding its actions in governmental affairs.

A registered party may nominate candidates in any national and local elections, and a party that is represented in parliament is entitled to a government subsidy relative to its number of seats. To qualify as a registered party, an association must have bylaws guaranteeing democratic internal organization and must be able to present 5,000 signatures from supporters who are eligible to vote. A party that fails to win a single seat in two consecutive parliamentary elections is stricken from the register but may apply again. (In contrast, a voluntary association has a requirement of 20,000 supporters and is not eligible for party subsidy.)

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Registered[edit]

Party Ideology MPs MEPs CCs Leader Founded Ref
Social Democratic Party
Sosialidemokraattinen puolue
Socialdemokratiska parti
SDP Social democracy 40 2 1696 Antti Rinne 1899 [2][3][4]
Finns Party
Perussuomalaiset
Sannfinländarna
PS Finnish nationalism
Right-wing populism
39 2 770 Jussi Halla-aho 1995 [2][3][4]
National Coalition Party
Kokoomus
Samlingspartiet
KOK Liberalism
Liberal conservatism
38 3 1492 Petteri Orpo 1918 [2][3][4]
Centre Party
Keskusta
Centern
KESK Centrism
Liberal Conservatism
Nordic agrarianism
31 2 2823 Katri Kulmuni 1906 [2][3][4]
Green League
Vihreä liitto
Gröna förbundet
VIHR Green politics
Pro-Europeanism
Social liberalism
20 2 536 Maria Ohisalo 1987 [2][3][4]
Left Alliance
Vasemmistoliitto
Vänsterförbundet
VAS Democratic socialism
Eco-socialism
16 1 661 Li Andersson 1990 [2][3][4]
Swedish People's Party
Svenska folkpartiet
Ruotsalainen kansanpuolue
RKP Social liberalism
Swedo-Finnish interests
9 1 470 Anna-Maja Henriksson 1906 [2][3][4]
Christian Democrats
Kristillisdemokraatit
Kristdemokraterna
KD Christian democracy
Social conservatism
5 0 314 Sari Essayah 1958 [2][3][4]

Unregistered[edit]

Party Ideology MPs MEPs CCs Leader Founded Ref
Movement Now
Liike Nyt
Rörelse Nu
liik Market liberalism 1 0 14 Harry Harkimo 2018 [5][6][7][8]

Extra-parliamentary parties[edit]

Registered[edit]

Those parties that have received neither a seat in the Parliament of Finland nor in the European Parliament, but which are registered political parties, are listed below.

Party Ideology CCs Leader Founded Ref
Animal Justice Party
Eläinoikeuspuolue
Djurrättspartiet
EOP Animal rights 0 Saana-Maria Majatie 2016 [2][3][4]
Citizens' Party
Kansalaispuolue
Medborgarpartiet
KP Centrism
Euroscepticism
0 Sami Kilpeläinen 2016 [2][3][4]
Communist Party
Kommunistinen Puolue
Kommunistiska Parti
SKP Communism 2 Juha-Pekka Väisänen [fi] 1994 [2][3][4]
Communist Workers' Party
Kommunistinen Työväenpuolue
Kommunistiska Arbetarpartiet
KTP Communism
Marxism–Leninism
0 Hannu Harju [fi] 1988 [2][3][4]
Feminist Party
Feministinen puolue
Feministiska partiet
FP Feminism 1 Katju Aro [fi]
Warda Ahmed
Katriina Rosavaara
2016 [2][3][4]
Finnish People First
Suomen Kansa Ensin
SKE Nationalism 0 Marco de Wit [fi] 2018 [9][10]
Independence Party
Itsenäisyyspuolue
Självständighetspartiet
IPU Euroscepticism
Economic democracy
2 Henri Aitakari 1994 [2][3][4]
Liberal Party
Liberaalipuolue
Liberalpartiet
LIB Classical liberalism 5 Tea Törmänen 2016 [2][3][4]
Pirate Party
Piraattipuolue
Piratpartiet
PP Pirate politics
Social liberalism
2 Petrus Pennanen [fi] 2008 [2][3][4]
Blue Reform
Sininen tulevaisuus
Blå framtid
SIN Conservatism
Soft Euroscepticism
56 Kari Kulmala [fi] 2017 [2][3][4]

Unregistered[edit]

Party Ideology CCs Leader Founded Ref
Change 2011
Muutos 2011
Förändring 2011
M11 Direct democracy 0 Anita Saarinen 2009 [4][11][12]
Workers' Party of Finland
Suomen Työväenpuolue
Finlands Arbetarparti
STP Nordic model 0 Juhani Tanski 2003 [4][13]

Historical parties[edit]

Parliamentary historical parties[edit]

Party Founded Dissolved
Finnish Party
Suomalainen Puolue
1863 1918
Young Finnish Party
Nuorsuomalainen Puolue
1894 1918
Christian Workers' Union of Finland
Suomen Kristillisen Työväen Liitto, KTL
1906 1922
People's Party [fi]
Kansanpuolue
1917 1918
Communist Party of Finland
Suomen Kommunistinen Puolue, SKP
1918 1992
National Progressive Party
Kansallinen Edistyspuolue
1918 1951
Liberal Swedish Party
Ruotsalainen vapaamielinen puolue
1919 1951
Patriotic People's Movement
Isänmaallinen kansanliike
1932 1944
People's Party
Kansanpuolue
1932 1936
Finnish People's Democratic League
Suomen Kansan Demokraattinen Liitto, SKDL
1945 1990
Liberal League
Vapaamielisten liitto
1951 1965
Liberals
Liberaalit
1965 2011
Finnish People's Unity Party
Suomen Kansan Yhtenäisyyden Puolue, SKYP
1972 1983
Constitutional Right Party
Perustuslaillinen Oikeistopuolue, POP
1973 1992
Democratic Alternative
Demokraattinen Vaihtoehto, Deva
1986 1990
Kirjava ”Puolue” – Elonkehän Puolesta 1988 2003
People's Party of Finland
Suomen Kansanpuolue
1951 1965
Reform Group
Remonttiryhmä
1998 2001
Finnish Rural Party
Suomen Maaseudun Puolue
1959 1995
Small Farmers Party
Pienviljelijäin Puolue
1936 1954
Small Farmers' Party of Finland
Suomen Pienviljelijäin Puolue
1929 1936
Socialist Electoral Organisation of Workers and Smallholders
Sosialistinen työväen ja pienviljelijöiden vaalijärjestö, STPV
1924 1930
Socialist Workers' Party of Finland
Suomen Sosialistinen Työväenpuolue, SSTP
1920 1923
Socialist Unity Party
Sosialistinen yhtenäisyyspuolue, SYP
1946 1955
Social Democratic Union of Workers and Smallholders
Työväen ja Pienviljelijöiden Sosialidemokraattinen Liitto, TPSL
1959 1973
Young Finns
Nuorsuomalaiset
1994 1999

Extra-parliamentary historical parties[edit]

Election campaign stations for the Pirate Party and Independence Party, Narinkka, Helsinki.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Puoluelaki 10/1969" [Party Law 10/1969]. www.finlex.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "List of Registered Parties". Vaalit.fi. Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Rekisteröidyt puolueet". Vaalit.fi (in Finnish). Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Puolueiden nimet ja lyhenteet". Kielitoimiston ohjepankki (in Finnish). Retrieved 2018-03-20.
  5. ^ "Här är listan på alla som är med i Harkimos nya rörelse". Hufvudstadsbladet (in Swedish). 23 April 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  6. ^ Ijäs, Johannes (27 April 2018). "Harkimo (liik) siirretään perussuomalaisten ja keskustan väliin takariviin". Demokraatti (in Finnish). Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  7. ^ Karkkola, Minna (7 May 2018). "Tutkija löysi paradoksin Hjallis Harkimon liikkeestä: 'Saadaanko tavoitteella tismalleen päinvastainen lopputulos?'". Uusi Suomi (in Finnish). Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  8. ^ Räsänen, Jukka-Pekka (21 April 2018). "Nimet julki: he ovat Liike Nytin taustalla". Savon Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  9. ^ Paakkanen, Mikko (11 December 2018). "Suomeen rekisteröitiin uusi maahanmuuttovastainen puolue". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Kansallismielinen Suomen Kansa Ensin puoluerekisteriin". Ilta-Sanomat (in Finnish). STT. 11 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Hirvisaari perustaa Muutos 2011 -nimisen eduskuntaryhmän | Yle Uutiset" (in Finnish). yle.fi. Retrieved 2013-12-23.
  12. ^ "Muutospuolue" (in Finnish). Change 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  13. ^ Seppänen, Timo (13 April 2015). "Eduskunnan kynnys on korkea pienpuolueille". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 14 October 2018.

External links[edit]