List of ships of James Cook

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Captain James Cook, FRS, RN (7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European discovery of eastern Australia, Hawaii and undertook the first circumnavigation of New Zealand.

HMS Resolution and HMS Discovery

During his long career he served on a number of British ships.

Early career[edit]

Cook served his early career in the merchant fleet mostly on colliers. Ships he sailed on were:

  • Freelove a collier where Cook served as an apprentice from 26.2.1746 to 22.4.1748.
  • Three Brothers he served as apprentice from 14.6.1748 -8.12.1749.
  • Mary of Whitby where he was a seaman from 8.2.1750 to 5.12.1750.
  • Three Brothers with the rank of seaman from 19.2.1751 to 30.7.1751.
  • Friendship serving as a seaman from 31.7.1751 to 14.6.1755.[1][2]
    Endeavour beached at Endeavour River By Johann Fritzsch, 1786.

Royal Navy Career[edit]

In 1755 he joined the Royal Navy, and served on:

Command career[edit]

All four ships were ex-colliers purchased by the Royal Navy as research vessels.


  1. ^ Clifford E. Thornton, "Captain Cook in Cleveland", Middlesbrough Council, 1978.
  2. ^ C. Preston, "Captain James Cook R.N., F.R.S.", Whitby Literary Society, 1973.
  3. ^ Robson, John (2009). Captain Cook's War and Peace: The Royal Navy Years 1755-1768. University of New South Wales Press. pp. 19–25. ISBN 9781742231099.
  4. ^ a b Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  5. ^ Karl Heinz Marquardt (2003). The Global Schooner: Origins, Development, Design and Construction, 1695-1845. US Naval Institute Press.
  6. ^ Colledge, J. J. ; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.

Further reading[edit]

  • Baines, Stephen (2012). Captain Cook's Merchant Ships: Freelove, Three Brothers, Mary, Friendship, Endeavour, Adventure, Resolution and Discovery. Stroud, Gloucestershire: The History Press. ISBN 9780750962148.