Luisa María Calderón

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Luisa María de Guadalupe Calderón Hinojosa (born October 23, 1956 in Mexico City) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the National Action Party who served in the Senate of Mexico from 2000 until September 2006.[1] She is currently senator-elect as a PAN proportional representative.[2] Her term in the senate began in late 2012 and will continue through 2018. "Cocoa" (her nickname) is known as a champion for women and minority rights throughout Mexico.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Luisa María belongs to a family of prominent Mexican politicians. She is the sister of former President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa and Juan Luis Calderón Hinojosa.[4][5]

She studied psychology at the Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Occidente (ITESO) in Tlaquepaque, Jalisco, and has pursued graduate studies at the Universidad Iberoamericana.

Luisa María is a single mother.

Political career[edit]

Calderón joined the National Action Party in 1976. She served as a local deputy in the Congress of Michoacán from 1983[6] to 1986 and served in the federal Chamber of Deputies during the LIV Legislature. In 2000 she was elected via proportional representation to serve as a Senator during the LVIII Legislature and the LIX Legislature.

2011 Michoacan gubernatorial race[edit]

In 2011, Luisa Calderón ran for Governor of Michoacan in a highly contested race. Although she lost, the election was marred with accusations of corruption by the PRI and intimidation by narco-affiliated criminals. She was the candidate of the PAN-PANAL coalition. Calderón narrowly lost against PRI candidate Fausto Vallejo Y Figueroa by less than 3 percent of the vote.[7] She had led most opinion polls prior to the election, which was held on November 13, 2011.[8] Vallejo received 35% of the vote, while Calderon won 33% for second place.[9] Calderón, who led most opinion polls prior to the election, claimed that drug traffickers based in Michoacán helped tip the election in Vallejo's favor.[8]


  1. ^ "Luisa María Calderón aclara que no 'destapó' a Margarita Zavala - El Universal - México". El Universal. 2009-11-11. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
  2. ^ "'La Cocoa' no descarta buscar gubernatura de Michoacán". Milenio.com. Archived from the original on 2013-01-28. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
  3. ^ Redacción/Quadratín 13.05.2012 19:31 (2012-05-13). "Las mujeres sabemos gobernar: Cocoa - Quadratin - Noticias Michoacan" (in Spanish). Quadratin. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
  4. ^ La Jornada. "Arribo de Luisa María Calderón, medida desesperada del PAN: Alanís - La Jornada Michoacán". Lajornadamichoacan.com.mx. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
  5. ^ "Hermana de Calderón reta al PRI a 'cuidarle las manos' - El Universal - Los Estados". El Universal. 2009-05-04. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
  6. ^ Cesar Augusto Mendoza Moreno. RedCubeCMS. "Poco claro, el fin de los recursos federales en estados y municipios - Cambio de Michoacán". Cambiodemichoacan.com.mx. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
  7. ^ "San Luis Potosí :: Elecciones 2012". Prep.com.mx. Retrieved 2012-08-25.
  8. ^ a b Wilkinson, Tracy (2011-11-14). "Mexico president's sister apparently defeated in Michoacan vote". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  9. ^ Tucker, Duncan (2011-11-18). "PRI wins tight Michoacan election". Guadalajara Reporter. Retrieved 2012-02-11.[permanent dead link]