Luxemburg (Dutch, German)
|• Governor||Olivier Schmitz|
|• Total||4,443 km2 (1,715 sq mi)|
(1 January 2018)
|• Density||64/km2 (160/sq mi)|
very high · 8th
Luxembourg (French: Luxembourg; Dutch: Luxemburg (help·info); German: Luxemburg; Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg; Walloon: Lussimbork), also called Belgian Luxembourg, is the southernmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium. It borders on the country of Luxembourg to the east, France to the south and southwest, and the Belgian provinces of Namur to the northwest and Liège to the northeast. Its capital is Arlon (Luxembourgish: Arel, Dutch: Aarlen), in the south-east of the province.
It has an area of 4,443 km2 (1,715 sq mi), making it the largest Belgian province. With around 280,000 residents, it is also the least populated province, making it a relatively sparsely settled part of an otherwise very densely populated country.
It is significantly larger (70%) and much less populous than the neighbouring Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. About eighty percent of the province is part of the densely wooded Ardennes region. The southernmost region of the province is called Gaume or Belgian Lorraine (main city: Virton).
The Arelerland or Arlon region (in red on the map of arrondissements, below) bordering the neighbouring Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg has the particularity that many of its residents speak Luxembourgish, a language closely related to German, rather than the Walloon variety of French that is spoken elsewhere in the province.
The province was separated from the neighbouring Luxembourg by the Third Partition of Luxembourg, de jure in 1830–31 by the Conference of London dealing with the consequences of the Belgian Revolution of 1830, de facto in 1839, after William I, King of the Netherlands and Grand-Duke of Luxembourg, agreed to its decisions and thus the province was given to the newly created Kingdom of Belgium.
- Population per municipality as of 1 January 2017 (XLS; 397 KB)
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- "ARDENNE / BELGIAN LUXEMBOURG - Find 2018 Exhibitors - WTM London". london.wtm.com.
- "The Improbable Ales of Belgian Luxembourg". DRAFT. 18 August 2016.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Luxembourg (Belgium).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Luxembourg (province).|