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Madghacen

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Madghacen
Imedɣasen
Imedghassen, Boumia, Batna Province, Algeria 3.jpg
Tumulus shaped tomb at Madghacen
Location in Algeria
Location in Algeria
Shown within Algeria
LocationBatna Province, Algeria
RegionNumidia
Coordinates35°42′26″N 6°26′04″E / 35.70722°N 6.43444°E / 35.70722; 6.43444Coordinates: 35°42′26″N 6°26′04″E / 35.70722°N 6.43444°E / 35.70722; 6.43444

Madghacen (Berber languages: imedɣasen), also spelled Medracen or Medghassen or Madghis is a royal mausoleum-temple of the Berber Numidian Kings which stands near Batna city in Aurasius Mons in Numidia - Algeria.[1]

History[edit]

Madghis was a king[2] of independent kingdoms of the Numidia, between 300 to 200 BC Near the time of neighbor King Masinissa and their earliest Roman contacts. Ibn Khaldun said: Madghis is an ancestor of the Berbers of the branch Botr Zenata, Banu Ifran, Maghrawa (Aimgharen), Marinid, Ziyyanid, and Wattasid.[3][4]

Threats[edit]

As ICOMOS noted in their 2006/2007 Heritage at Risk report, the mausoleum has become "the victim of major 'repair work' without respect for the value of th[e] monument and its authenticity."[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ibn Khaldun and Yassine Bouharrou, History of the Berbers
  2. ^ Gautier, Émile Félix (1952). Le passé de l'Afrique du Nord: les siècles obscurs (in French). Payot.
  3. ^ Ibn Khaldoun, History of the Berbers
  4. ^ Gautier, É. F. (1937)
  5. ^ ALGERIA Mausoleum of Medracen in Danger
  6. ^ "ALGERIA Mausoleum of Medracen in Danger" (PDF). ICOMOS. 2006–2007. Retrieved 8 August 2016.

Further reading[edit]

  • Gabriel Camps, « Nouvelles observations sur l'architecture et l'âge du Medracen, mausolée royal de Numidie », CRAI, 1973, 117-3, p. 470-517 [1].
  • Yvon Thébert & Filippo Coarelli, « Architecture funéraire et pouvoir : réflexions sur l'hellénisme numide », MEFRA, Année 1988 [2]
  • Serge Lancel, L'Algérie antique, édition Mengès, Paris 2003.