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Marcelo Ebrard

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Marcelo Ebrard
Marcelo Ebrard at Quinceañeras celebrations.jpg
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Designate
Assuming office
1 December 2018
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (Elect)
Succeeding Luis Videgaray Caso
President of the United Nations Global Network on Safer Cities
In office
3 September 2012 – 3 February 2014
Appointed by Joan Clos
Preceded by Position established
5th Head of Government of the Federal District
In office
5 December 2006 – 4 December 2012
Preceded by Alejandro Encinas
Succeeded by Miguel Ángel Mancera
Personal details
Born Marcelo Luis Ebrard Casaubón
(1959-10-10) 10 October 1959 (age 58)
Mexico City, Mexico
Political party Institutional Revolutionary (Before 1999)
Democratic Center (1999–2000)
Democratic Revolution (2000–2015)
Citizens' Movement (2015–2018)
National Regeneration Movement (2018–present)
Spouse(s) Francesca Ramos Morgan (Before 2005)
Mariagna Pratts (2006–2011)
Rosalinda Bueso (2011–present)
Education College of Mexico (BA)
École nationale d'administration

Marcelo Luis Ebrard Casaubón (Spanish pronunciation: [maɾˈselo eˈβɾaɾð]; born October 10, 1959) is a Mexican politician affiliated until 2015 to the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and current President of the United Nations Global Network on Safer Cities. He previously served as Head of Government of the Federal District of the United Mexican States from December 2006 to December 2012. He also served as Secretary-General of the former Mexican Federal District Department, minister of public security and minister of social development of the Mexican capital. In 2010, Ebrard was nominated as the "world's best mayor" by the Project World Mayor.[1] He was the successful candidate of the PRD-led electoral alliance to serve as Head of Government of the Federal District in the 2006 Federal District election. From 2009 to 2012, he was the Chair of the World Mayors Council on Climate Change.[2]

Personal life and education[edit]

Descendent of the French emigrant wave from Barcelonette in 1915, Ebrard is the son of architect Marcelo Ebrard Maure and Marcela Casaubón. He received a bachelor's degree in international relations from El Colegio de México, and specialized in public administration and planning at the École nationale d'administration of France. He was married to Francesca Ramos Morgan and had two daughters and one son: Francesca, Anne Dominique, and Marcelo Ebrard Ramos.[citation needed] He later divorced and married Mexican soap-opera actress Mariagna Pratts. In April 2011, Marcelo Ebrard announced his divorce from Mariagna Pratts through an official press release.[3] In October 7, 2011; Ebrard married for the third time, with Rosalinda Bueso, former Honduras ambassador to Mexico.[4]

Political career[edit]

Ebrard became a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in 1978. After volunteering in the presidential campaigns of 1976 and 1982, serving as an advisor to the secretary-general in 1988 and being elected to the Chamber of Deputies, Ebrard Casaubon left the PRI with Manuel Camacho Solís in 1995 to found the now-extinct Party of the Democratic Center (PCD). In 2000 he briefly campaigned for the 2000 Head of Government election for the PCD before stepping down in March 2000 and throwing his support behind Andrés Manuel López Obrador as the candidate of the multi-party Alliance for Mexico City.

Following the election, he joined López Obrador's cabinet as secretary of public security in 2000 and became a member of the Party of the Democratic Revolution on September 12, 2004. On July 8, 2006 French newspaper Le Monde ran an article indicating that Ebrard as an emerging leader of the Mexican Left. Manuel Camacho Solís, for whom Ebrard is a political protégé, has a reputation for running articles in foreign newspapers to indicate his political intentions.[citation needed] Many have seen this as an attempt to dismiss López Obrador and now rely on Ebrard to win the presidency in the 2012 presidential elections.[5] On December 7, 2010, he was awarded the World Mayor prize in recognition of his environmental and civil-rights initiatives within the Federal District.[6]

Head of Government of the Federal District (2006–2012)[edit]

Ebrard ran as the PRD's candidate for Head of Government in the Federal District election held on 2 July 2006, which he won with 47% of the votes.

He continued programs that Andrés Manuel López Obrador initiated, expanding them. A new initiative was the Prepa Sí program, which granted scholarships to low-income students, which managed to reduce the school-dropout in the city to 6% and raised the grade point average from 7.2 to 8.2.[citation needed]

He expanded pensions for the elderly, so that it was a right of every inhabitant of Mexico City who had reached 68 years of age and sent an initiative to the Legislative Assembly of the Federal District, to elevate it to the status of law.[citation needed]

Among his actions of greatest impact before the public opinion is the expropriation of properties and buildings that functioned as operational centers of crime, as it had happened with a property in the Tepito neighborhood, supposedly a drug-trafficking center; a large area of the Iztapalapa delegation, highlighted in the sale of stolen car parts, and two more drug sales properties in Santa María la Ribera. Although a part of the business sector criticized these actions as an attack on private property — actions that received the support of the federal government — its initiative of the extinction of ownership, as well as its introduction of video surveillance cameras, together with actions in favor of development social, helped reduce the delinquent index by 11% in Mexico City compared to 2006.[awkward] He also created a special intelligence unit against money laundering.[citation needed]

Marcelo Ebrard made significant changes to the Historic Center, returning it to the inhabitants of Mexico City and its visitors, by relocating the street vendor since mid-2007. His action was classified among the press as a success of his government, since informal traders had significantly increased their numbers in recent years. Some intellectual sectors criticized the decision of one of its dependencies to demolish historic buildings of the first square of the city for the relocation of street vendors, although it was supported by the National Institute of Anthropology and History. He also rehabilitated the Monument to the Revolution and the Alameda.[citation needed]

In the area of health, he built hospitals in Tláhuac, Iztapalapa and Tlalpan and promoted the development of specialties that did not exist in the public health system of Mexico City.[citation needed]

During his mandate, he was recognized for his decisions in the fight against climate change, the construction of a mobility infrastructure, through the transformation of public transport with the Ecobici system; the expansion of 350% of the Metrobús system and the construction of Metro Line 12.

In 2009 he was named President of the World Mayors Council on Climate Change and in 2010 he received the World Mayor award by the City Mayors Foundation.

Ebrard has stated as a goal the revival of the Nahuatl language. His plan calls for city workers to learn the language as an initial effort in reviving the language.[7]

Marcelo Ebrard was the first Head of Government of the Federal District to complete his six-year term as governor, starting on 5 December 2006 and ending on 5 December 2012.

Controversy

The city's chief of police, Marcelo Ebrard, and the Federal Secretary of Public Safety, Ramón Huerta, were both accused of not organizing a timely rescue effort when three undercover federal police officers were lynched by a mob in one of the capital's most impoverished suburbs in Tláhuac on November 23, 2004. After a thorough investigation, López Obrador gave Ebrard a vote of confidence, despite a request from President Fox that López Obrador relieve him of his duties. Later, using his constitutional powers, Fox fired Ebrard, in what critics believe was a politically motivated move to derail his political future.[8][9] Ramón Huerta was also implicated in the incident, yet Fox gave Huerta his full support, and did not remove him from office. For this incident Ebrard is currently under investigation,[needs update] as are the federal authorities that also failed to act. He was later reinstated as Secretary of Social Development by López Obrador.

2012 Presidential election[edit]

On 30 March 2010, Marcelo Ebrard publicly announced his intention to contest for the candidacy of his party to the Presidency of Mexico in 2012; as a pre-campaign platform he founded his Progressive Vanguard movement. On 11 June 2011, the PRD movement of Jesús Ortega "Nueva Izquierda", also known as "Los Chuchos," named him candidate of his party to the Presidency of Mexico. In contrast, the current National Democratic Left, led by Dolores Padierna Luna, ruled in favor of Andrés Manuel López Obrador. On 15 November 2011, it was announced that the method to select a candidate for the Presidency in 2012, would be a series of polls, which made Andrés Manuel López Obrador a winner, for which Ebrard refused to compete for the candidacy of 2012. As a formal Presidential candidate, Andrés Manuel López Obrador proposed he be Secretary of the Interior in case of winning the presidential elections, but Enrique Peña Nieto was elected President of Mexico.[10]

President of Global Network of Safer Cities[edit]

In September 2012, Ebrard was elected to serve as President of the United Nations Global Network on Safer Cities[11][12] which is part of the Urban Initiatives through the United Nations.[13][14] He renounced his position on 3 February 2014, in order to contend for the Presidency of the PRD.[15][16]

Designate Secretary of Foreign Affairs[edit]

Ebrard was part of López Obrador's 2018 campaign team, responsible for interaction in Mexico's northwestern states.[17] After López Obrador won the election on 1 July 2018, he was pronounced as the Secretary of Foreign Affairs a couple of days later, replacing Héctor Vasconcelos, who would instead become a Senator.[18][19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "La historia de amor de Marcelo Ebrard y Mariagna Prats". CNN Mexico. 6 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "Mayor Park of Seoul takes the helm of WMCCC from Mayor Ebrard of Mexico City". World Mayors Council on Climate Change. Retrieved December 31, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Ebrard y Mariagna anuncian fin de su matrimonio". El Universal. April 5, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Ebrard se casa hoy con Rosalinda". El Universal. October 7, 2011. 
  5. ^ CORRESPONDANTE, Joëlle Stolz-MEXICO (8 July 2006). "Marcelo Ebrard est élu à la mairie de Mexico et prend la tête des manifestations de la gauche" – via Le Monde. 
  6. ^ vom Hove, Tamm (December 7, 2010). "Marcelo Ebrard, Mayor of Mexico City awarded the 2010 World Mayor Prize". worldmayor.com. World Mayor Project. Retrieved December 8, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Marcelo Ebrard quiere revivir lengua azteca - ElPeriodicoDeMexico.Com". 
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-30. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-04. Retrieved 2008-06-15. 
  10. ^ "Propuesta de gabinete de Andrés Manuel López Obrador". Archived from the original on 31 January 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  11. ^ "Marcelo Ebrard, Mexico City Mayor, is elected President of the Global Network on Safer Cities". Metropolis. 
  12. ^ "Ebrard announced president of the Global Network of Safer Cities". The Global Network of Cities, Local and Regional Governments. 
  13. ^ "Global Network on Safer Cities". Urban Initiatives. UN HABITAT. 
  14. ^ "PRESS CONFERENCE TO PRESENT OUTCOME STATEMENT OF GLOBAL NETWORK ON SAFER CITIES". News and Media Division. United Nations Department of Public Information. 
  15. ^ "Ebrard renuncia a cargo en la ONU". El Economista. Retrieved 21 August 2018. 
  16. ^ "Confirma Ebrard que deja la ONU para contender por presidencia del PRD". Excelsior. Retrieved 21 August 2018. 
  17. ^ "Ebrard y Monreal operarán estados que no favorecen a AMLO". Politico MX. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  18. ^ "Mexico's president-elect Lopez Obrador picks Marcelo Ebrard as foreign minister". Reuters. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  19. ^ "Marcelo Ebrard a la Cancillería; Héctor Vasconcelos va al Senado: AMLO". Aristegui Noticias. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Diccionario biográfico del gobierno mexicano (1992), Ed. Fondo de Cultura Económica, Mexico

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Luis Videgaray Caso
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Designate

Taking office 2018
Incumbent