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Margaret Holland, Duchess of Clarence

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Margaret Holland
Arms of Margaret Holland, Countess of Somerset.svg
Titles and styles
Born1385
Died30 December 1439 (aged 53–54)[1]
Bermondsey Abbey, London, England
BuriedCanterbury Cathedral, Kent
FamilyHolland family
SpouseJohn Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (m. 1397, died 1410)
Thomas of Lancaster, Duke of Clarence (m. 1411, died 1421)
Issue
FatherThomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent
MotherAlice FitzAlan

Margaret Holland (1385 – 30 December 1439) was a medieval English noblewoman. She was a daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, who was the son of Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent" (granddaughter of Edward I of England, wife of Edward the Black Prince and mother of Richard II of England). Margaret's mother was Alice FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster.

Margaret married John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, son of John of Gaunt and his mistress Katherine Swynford. They had six children:[2]

In 1399, she was invested as a Lady Companion, Order of the Garter (L.G.).[3] After Beaufort died in 1410 (in the Tower of London), she married his nephew Thomas of Lancaster, Duke of Clarence (1387–1421), the son of King Henry IV. They had no children.[3] She died on 30 December 1439 at St. Saviour's Abbey, Bermondsey, in London, England.[3] Margaret and both her husbands are buried together in a carved alabaster tomb in Canterbury Cathedral that shows her lying between the two of them.

Descendants[edit]

Through her son, the 1st Duke of Somerset, Lady Margaret is an ancestress to the Tudor monarchs. Both Lady Joan, Queen consort of Scotland, and the Duke of Somerset, are ancestors of King George I of Great Britain. As such, both children are ancestors to the current British royal family.[4]

Lady Margaret's sister, Alianore Holland, the Countess of March is also a direct ancestor of George Washington, 1st President of the United States of America.

Ancestry[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Connor 2007, p. 388.
  2. ^ Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 220.
  3. ^ a b c Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pg 102, 103.
  4. ^ Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pg 274.
  5. ^ a b c d e Stansfield 1987, p. 310.
  6. ^ a b Richardson II, pp. 185–187.
  7. ^ Richardson II, pp. 392–394, 485–486.
  8. ^ a b c d e Stansfield 1987, p. 312.
  9. ^ a b c d Richardson II, pp. 178–179.
  10. ^ a b c d Richardson II, pp. 526–527.
  11. ^ a b Richardson II, pp. 392–394.
  12. ^ a b Richardson II, p. 392.
  13. ^ Richardson II, pp. 478–479.
  14. ^ a b Richardson II, p. 178.
  15. ^ a b Richardson II, pp. 525–526.

References[edit]

  • Connor, Meriel (2007). "The Political Allegiances of Christ Church Priory 1400–1472: the Evidence of John Stone's Chronicle". Archaeologia Cantiana. 127: 383–406.
  • Richardson, D. (2011). Kimball G. Everingham, ed. Magna Carta Ancestry. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1-4499-6638-6.
  • Shaw, R.L.J. (2009). "Holland, Margaret, duchess of Clarence". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/98133.
  • Stansfield, M.M.N. (1987). The Hollands, Dukes of Exeter, Earls of Kent and Huntingdon, 1352–1475 (PDF) (PhD). Corpus Christi College, Oxford.

External links[edit]