Coin of Mazaeus
|Allegiance||Achaemenid Empire (until 331 BC)|
Macedonian Empire (331 – 328 BC)
|Rank||Satrap of Cilicia (under the Achaemenids)|
Satrap of Babylon (under Alexander the Great)
Mazaeus, Mazday or Mazaios (Greek:Μαζαῖος) (died 328 BC) was a Persian noble and satrap of Cilicia and later satrap of Babylon for the Achaemenid Empire, a satrapy which he retained under Alexander the Great.
Achaemenid Satrap of Cilicia
Hellenistic Satrap of Babylon
As a reward for his recognition of Alexander as the legitimate successor of Darius, Mazaeus was rewarded by being able to retain the satrapy of Babylon, as a Hellenistic satrap. Alexander left a Macedonian, Apollodorus of Amphipolis, as the military commander of the garrison of Babylon, and another as tax-collector. Mazaeus continued minting coins under his name, and later without his name.
The daughter of the Persian king Darius III, Stateira II, was originally betrothed to him, but he died before they could be married. She was eventually married to Alexander.
Coinage as Satrap of Cilicia
Mazday (Mazaios) as ruler of Sidon. Circa 353-333 BC.
Coinage as Satrap of Babylon
Late coinage of Mazaeus as satrap of Babylon.
- O'Brien, J. M. (2003). Alexander the Great: The Invisible Enemy: A Biography. Routledge. p. 94. ISBN 9781134845019.
- Heckel, Waldemar (2006). "Mazaeus, Callisthenes and the Alexander Sarcophagus". Historia. 55 (4): 385–396.
- Roisman, Joseph (2002). Brill's Companion to Alexander the Great. BRILL. p. 189. ISBN 9789004217553.
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