1929 Mexican general election

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1929 Mexican general election

← 1928 November 17, 1929 1934 →
  Rubio Pascual, portrait.jpg Jose Vasconcelos.jpg
Nominee Pascual Ortiz Rubio José Vasconcelos
Party PNR Anti Re-election
Popular vote 1,947,848 110,979
Percentage 93.6% 5.3%
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General elections were held in Mexico on November 17, 1929.

The National Revolutionary Party, founded in 1928 by Mexico's most powerful leader at the time, Plutarco Elías Calles, made its debut in these elections. The 1929 elections marked the beginning of 71 uninterrupted years of rule by that party, which was later renamed Party of the Mexican Revolution in 1938 and finally, Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in 1946. No opposition party would win a Presidential election until the 2000 elections.

According to the official results, the 1929 presidential elections were won by Pascual Ortiz Rubio, who received 93.6% of the vote.[1] The opposition candidate José Vasconcelos refused to recognize the official results, claiming that a massive electoral fraud had taken place, and proclaimed his "Plan de Guaymas", urging the Mexican people to rebel against the alleged fraud. He was subsequently jailed, and after being released he moved to the United States.

Many modern analysts, such as Enrique Krauze, have arrived to the conclusion that the 1929 elections were indeed rigged and Ortiz Rubio probably lost the election. In subsequent decades, the National Revolutionary Party, later renamed Institutional Revolutionary Party, continued resorting to electoral fraud to perpetuate itself in power[2][3][4].



Candidate Party Votes %
Pascual Ortiz Rubio National Revolutionary Party 1,947,848 93.6
José Vasconcelos Mexican Anti Re-election Party 110,979 5.3
Pedro Rodríguez Triana Mexican Communist Party 23,279 1.1
Invalid/blank votes
Total 2,082,106 100
Source: Nohlen


  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p472 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ "Las elecciones de 1929". Reconoce MX. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  3. ^ Gil Olmos, José. "Un siglo de fraudes". Proceso. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  4. ^ Ramales Osorio, M.C. "MÉXICO: FRAUDES ELECTORALES, AUTORITARISMO Y REPRESIÓN Del Estado benefactor al Estado neoliberal". Retrieved 19 August 2018.