Misión San Fernando Rey de España de Velicatá
- Another mission bearing the name San Fernando Rey de España is located in the Mission Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles, California.
The site for the future mission was identified by the Jesuit missionary-explorer Wenceslaus Linck in 1766. After the Jesuits were replaced by the Franciscans in 1768, the latter were charged with extending Spanish control far to the north, into Alta California. Mission San Fernando, at the Cochimí settlement of Velicatá on the route north, was established by Junípero Serra during the early stages of the Portolá expedition, on May 14 1769, the day of Pentecost. This would be Father Junipero Serra's first mission before moving north to Alta California.
In the 1770s, under the Franciscans and then after 1773 under their Dominican successors, the mission quickly reached its peak and went into decline as epidemics decimated the native population. A missionary was no longer permanently resident at the site after about 1818. A few ruined walls and stone foundations survive at the site as well as petroglyphs and some remains of pictograms. Just to the west of the mission ruins you will find an aqueduct and a small dam.
- Aviles, Brian A.; Hoover, Robert L. (Summer 1997). "Two Californias, Three Religious Orders and Fifty Missions: A Comparison of the Missionary Systems of Baja and Alta California" (PDF). Pacific Coast Archaeological Society Quarterly. 33 (3). Retrieved 7 February 2019.
- Sauer, Carl O., and Peveril Meigs. 1927. "Site and Culture at San Fernando Velicatá". University of California Publications in Geography 2:271–302. Berkeley.
- Vernon, Edward W. 2002. Las Misiones Antiguas: The Spanish Missions of Baja California, 1683–1855. Viejo Press, Santa Barbara, California.
- Meighan, Clement. Seven Rock Art Sites in Baja California Ballena Press, 1978.
- Aschmann, Homer. 1959. The Central Desert of Baja California: Demography and Ecology. Manessier Press, San Diego, California.
- Writings of Junípero Serra. Edited by Antonine ... v.1. Serra, Junípero, Saint, 1713-1784 (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?q1=velicata;id=uc1.b3929749;view=plaintext;start=1;sz=10;page=root;size=100;seq=117;num=61)
- bajamissions The Spanish missions and visitas of Baja California.
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