Municipal elections in Barcelona
The basic level of Spanish local government are the municipalities (Spanish: municipios, Catalan: municipis). The city of Barcelona constitutes a municipality. The reigning institution in Barcelona is called Ajuntament de Barcelona, and it's formed by the mayor (Catalan: alcalde, fem. alcaldessa), the government (Catalan: Comissió de govern, although it's commonly known as Govern municipal) and the legislature or ciy council (Catalan: Consell Municipal, although it's commonly known as Ple de l'Ajuntament).
Local elections in Spain are regulated by the LOREG law. Municipal elections are held every 4 years on the last Sunday of May, on all the municipalities of Spain at the same time, together with other regional elections (although it's not the case in Catalonia) and other local level elections, such as comarcal or provincial council elections. If European elections are scheduled to take place on the same dates, local elections must be held the same day with European Parliament elections.
The size of the legislature is determined by the population count on 1 January before the election. In Barcelona, the city council has 41 members. Voters only elect the members of the city council. The mayor is elected indirectly.
Voting is non-compulsory. Local councillors are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes, which include blank ballots.
The mayor is elected on the first plenary session of the term by the city councillors in a single round election. If any candidate obtains an absolute majority of the votes, the candidate of the most voted party in the last election is elected as a mayor. After the plenary session, the Mayor chooses the councillors that are going to be in the government.
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|Barcelona in Common (Let's Win Barcelona)–Agreement (BComú–Entesa)1||176,612||25.21||+14.82||11||+6|
|Convergence and Union (CiU)||159,393||22.75||–5.98||10||–4|
|Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's)||77,272||11.03||+9.09||5||+5|
|Republican Left of Catalonia–Municipal Agreement (ERC–BcnCO–AM)||77,120||11.01||+5.42||5||+3|
|Socialists' Party of Catalonia–Progress Candidacy (PSC–CP)||67,489||9.63||–12.51||4||–7|
|People's Party (PP)||61,004||8.71||–8.53||3||–6|
|Popular Unity Candidacy–Let's Reverse Barcelona (CUP–Capgirem)||51,945||7.42||+5.47||3||+3|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||23,298||3.33||—||0||±0|
|Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA)||5,720||0.82||+0.11||0||±0|
|The Greens–The Ecologist Alternative (EV–AE)||5,684||0.81||New||0||±0|
|Better Barcelona (RI.cat–SI)2||2,626||0.37||–0.76||0||±0|
|Blank Seats (EB)||1,957||0.28||–1.39||0||±0|
|Platform for Catalonia (PxC)||1,617||0.23||–0.34||0||±0|
|Vox–Family and Life Party (Vox–PFiV)||1,520||0.22||+0.13||0||±0|
|United Free Citizens (CILUS)||989||0.14||New||0||±0|
|Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD)||811||0.12||–0.12||0||±0|
|Communist Party of the Catalan People (PCPC)||656||0.09||–0.07||0||±0|
|Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS)||455||0.07||+0.01||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||439||0.06||–0.04||0||±0|
|United for Declaring Catalan Independence (UPDIC)||286||0.04||New||0||±0|
|Libertarian Party (P–LIB)||273||0.04||New||0||±0|
|Internationalist Solidarity and Self-Management (SAIn)||166||0.02||–0.02||0||±0|
|The National Coalition (LCN)||99||0.01||New||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||703,590||60.59||+7.60|
Historical composition of the City Council
Until Primo de Rivera's dictatorship, only one half of the council was renewed at every election. The numbers below indicate the total seats after the election.
|Election||Left and Republicans||Nationalists||Monarchist||Other||Total|
|1923–1931: Primo de Rivera dictatorship|
|1939–1979: Francisco Franco's Francoist Spain|
- Ajuntament de Barcelona. Òrgans de govern
- "Organic Law 5/1985, of 19 June, of the General Electoral Regime. Title III, Special Provisions for Municipal Elections".
- "Election Results. Municipal Elections 2015". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- "Electoral Results Consultation. Municipal. May 2015. Barcelona Municipality". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
- "Municipal elections in Barcelona since 1979". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
- La Veu de Catalunya, 13-04-1931 p.1
- Consulta de resultados. Infoelectoral. Ministerio del Interior