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Municipal elections in Barcelona

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Municipal elections in Barcelona are held every four years to elect the city council. The mayor is elected indirectly by the councillors on the first plenary session of the term.

Overview[edit]

The basic level of Spanish local government are the municipalities (Spanish: municipios, Catalan: municipis). The city of Barcelona constitutes a municipality. The reigning institution in Barcelona is called Ajuntament de Barcelona, and it's formed by the mayor (Catalan: alcalde, fem. alcaldessa), the government (Catalan: Comissió de govern, although it's commonly known as Govern municipal) and the legislature or ciy council (Catalan: Consell Municipal, although it's commonly known as Ple de l'Ajuntament).[1]

Local elections in Spain are regulated by the LOREG law. Municipal elections are held every 4 years on the last Sunday of May, on all the municipalities of Spain at the same time, together with other regional elections (although it's not the case in Catalonia) and other local level elections, such as comarcal or provincial council elections. If European elections are scheduled to take place on the same dates, local elections must be held the same day with European Parliament elections.

The size of the legislature is determined by the population count on 1 January before the election. In Barcelona, the city council has 41 members. Voters only elect the members of the city council. The mayor is elected indirectly.

Voting is non-compulsory. Local councillors are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes, which include blank ballots.

The mayor is elected on the first plenary session of the term by the city councillors in a single round election. If any candidate obtains an absolute majority of the votes, the candidate of the most voted party in the last election is elected as a mayor. After the plenary session, the Mayor chooses the councillors that are going to be in the government.[2]

Last election was held on 24 May 2015. Next election is scheduled to take place in 2019.

Results[edit]

2015 election[edit]

Summary of 24 May 2015 City Council of Barcelona election results
BarcelonaCouncilDiagram2015.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Barcelona in Common (Let's Win Barcelona)–Agreement (BComú–Entesa)1 176,612 25.21 +14.82 11 +6
Convergence and Union (CiU) 159,393 22.75 –5.98 10 –4
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 77,272 11.03 +9.09 5 +5
Republican Left of Catalonia–Municipal Agreement (ERC–BcnCO–AM) 77,120 11.01 +5.42 5 +3
Socialists' Party of Catalonia–Progress Candidacy (PSC–CP) 67,489 9.63 –12.51 4 –7
People's Party (PP) 61,004 8.71 –8.53 3 –6
Popular Unity Candidacy–Let's Reverse Barcelona (CUP–Capgirem) 51,945 7.42 +5.47 3 +3
Blank ballots 6,363 0.91 –3.56
Total 700,496 41 ±0
Valid votes 700,496 99.56 +1.26
Invalid votes 3,094 0.44 –1.26
Votes cast / turnout 703,590 60.59 +7.60
Abstentions 457,550 39.41 –7.60
Registered voters 1,161,140
Sources[3][4][5]

Historical composition of the City Council[edit]

1901–1939[edit]

Until Primo de Rivera's dictatorship, only one half of the council was renewed at every election. The numbers below indicate the total seats after the election.

Election Left and Republicans Nationalists Monarchist Other Total
PRR PRDF
UFNR
ERC Other LR
LC
Other PL PLC CT Other
1901 13 17 8 9 3 50
1903 29 17 4 50
1905 31 19 50
1909 (May) 25 11 14 50
1909 (Dec) 29 13 8 50
1911 24 11 15 (LR) 50
1913 21 5 2 18 1 2 1 50
1915 20 1 3 20 4 2 50
1917 23 22 3 2 50
1920 16 26 1 1 3 2 1 50
1922 14 28 4 3 1 50
1923–1931: Primo de Rivera dictatorship
1931 12 25 1 12 50
1934 4 26 10 40
1939–1979: Francisco Franco's Francoist Spain
Source:[6]

After 1979[edit]

Election CUP PSUC
ICV
BeC
ERC PSC C's CiU UCD AP
PP
Total
1979 9 2 16 8 8 43
1983 3 21 13 6 43
1987 2 21 17 3 43
1991 3 20 16 4 43
1995 3 2 16 13 7 41
1999 2 3 20 10 6 41
2003 5 5 15 9 7 41
2007 4 4 14 12 7 41
2011 5 2 11 14 9 41
2015 3 11 5 4 5 10 3 41
Source:[7]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ajuntament de Barcelona. Òrgans de govern
  2. ^ "Organic Law 5/1985, of 19 June, of the General Electoral Regime. Title III, Special Provisions for Municipal Elections".
  3. ^ "Election Results. Municipal Elections 2015". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Electoral Results Consultation. Municipal. May 2015. Barcelona Municipality". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Municipal elections in Barcelona since 1979". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  6. ^ La Veu de Catalunya, 13-04-1931 p.1
  7. ^ Consulta de resultados. Infoelectoral. Ministerio del Interior