Loading...

National Regeneration Movement

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
National Regeneration Movement
Movimiento Regeneración Nacional
President and Secretary General Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz
Founded October 2, 2011
(as a non-profit organization)[1]
July 9, 2014
(as a political party)[2]
Ideology Cardenism[3]
Reformism[4]
Social democracy[5][6]
Left-wing populism[7]
Left-wing nationalism[8]
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation Juntos Haremos Historia
International affiliation Foro de São Paulo[9]
Colours     
Slogan La esperanza de México[10]
(The hope of Mexico)
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
191 / 500
Seats in the Senate of the Republic
55 / 128
State governors
4 / 32
Seats in State legislatures
78 / 1,124
Mayors
30 / 2,474

The National Regeneration Movement (Spanish: Movimiento Regeneración Nacional, MORENA, English: brunette) is a Cardenist and social democratic political party in Mexico.[11] Established a non-profit organization in 2012 and formally registered as a political party in 2014, it was led by three-time presidential candidate and President-elect of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador[12][13][14] until 12 December 2017, when he registered himself as a candidate for the party's nomination, and was succeeded by Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz.[15][16]

Forbes described the National Regeneration Movement as "not in the strict sense a political party, but an alliance of diverse movements and political actors, whose main reference is its presidential candidate, [Andrés Manuel López Obrador]."[17]

For the 2018 general elections, it formed the coalition Juntos Haremos Historia, composed of left-wing Labor Party and right-wing Social Encounter Party. It managed to win the presidency with 53% of the popular vote, and won a majority in both the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.

History[edit]

MORENA was officially founded by López Obrador as a non-profit, cross-party organization supporting his candidacy for the Presidency in the 2012 general election on 2 October 2011.[18][19] Following López Obrador's loss in the 2012 election, he left his former party, the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), and MORENA transformed from an unofficial 'movement' into a political party (with López Obrador as its leader).[20] A couple of days after his departure from the PRD, federal deputy Ricardo Monreal stated it was a "divorce for convenience," and that López Obrador did the most responsible thing in order to avoid the polarization of the country.[21] According to polls and surveys, most of the Mexican public had negative view on the establishment of MORENA as a political party.[22] On 7 January 2014, Martí Batres, president of MORENA, presented the documentation to the INE to be acknowledged political party.[23] In 2014, López Obrador revealed why he left the PRD, stating, "I left the PRD because the leaders of that party betrayed the people, they went with Peña Nieto and approved the Pact for Mexico, which is nothing more than a 'Pact against Mexico.' I can not be in a party where tax increases were approved and it was approved that they will increase the price of gasoline every month. Gasoline in Mexico costs more than in the United States, the salary in Mexico is the lowest in the entire North American continent, and instead of asking for wage increases, the PRD rose to the podium to ask for the increase in the price of gasoline, it's an embarrassment."[24] After Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas criticized him for forming his own political party, on 7 July 2014, López Obrador posted on social media that, "PRD leaders and most of its legislators voted for the fiscal reforms [raising taxes and gas prices] and with their collaboration they paved the way for privatization of the oil industry."[25] On 10 July 2014, the INE approved MORENA to be an official political party to receive federal funds and to participate in the 2015 legislative elections.[26]

2015 Mexican legislative elections[edit]

The 2015 legislative elections was the first election where MORENA participated as an official political party. It managed to win 35 seats in the Chamber of Deputies: 14 district seats plus 21 proportional seats.

2018 Mexican general elections[edit]

The 2018 general election was the first presidential election in which MORENA participated. MORENA fought the election in coalition with socialist Labor Party (PT) and the right-wing Christian-conservative Social Encounter Party (PES) under the name Juntos Haremos Historia.

Background

On 24 June 2017, the PT agreed to fight the 2018 election in an electoral alliance with MORENA; however the coalition was not officially registered with the National Electoral Institute (INE), the country's electoral authority. For MORENA, the alliance was facilitated by the withdrawal of the PT's candidate Óscar González Yáñez, who resigned his candidacy and called for votes in favor of Delfina Gómez Álvarez, standard-bearer in the state elections of the State of Mexico in 2017.[27][28][29]

In October 2017, at PT's National Congress, as party president Alberto Anaya was reelected to another 6-year term, PT formalized its coalition with MORENA.[30]

At first, there was speculation about the possibility of a front grouping all the left-wing parties: MORENA, the PRD, PT and the MC. However, López Obrador rejected any kind of agreement due to political differences, especially after the elections in the State of Mexico, when the candidates of the PRD and MC continued with their campaigns refusing to support the MORENA candidate.[31] At the end of November 2017, the leaders of MORENA and the PES announced that they were in talks to form a possible alliance: Hugo Eric Flores Cervantes, president of the PES, said "We don't negotiate with the PRI, we have two options, go alone or with MORENA."[32]

Confirmation

Parties of the coalition Juntos Haremos Historia

On 13 December 2017, PES joined the coalition between MORENA and the PT, and it was formalized under the name Juntos Haremos Historia (English: Together We Will Make History).[33] Following the signing of the agreement, López Obrador was appointed as a pre-candidate for the three political groups.[34] It was a partial coalition that supported López Obrador as the presidential candidate and divided the legislative elections between the three: MORENA chose candidates in 150 federal electoral districts (out of 300) and 32 Senate rates, while the PT and the PES each nominated 75 candidates for the Chamber of Deputies and 16 for the Senate.[35][36]

The alliance received criticism as it was a coalition between two left-wing parties (MORENA and the PT) with a formation related to the evangelical right (PES).[37] In response, MORENA national president Yeidckol Polevnsky said that her party believes in inclusion and team work to "rescue Mexico" and that they will continue to defend human rights;[38] in turn, Hugo Eric Flores Cervantes, national president of the PES, said that "the only possibility of real change in our country is the one headed by Andrés Manuel López Obrador" and that his party had decided to be "on the right side of history."[39]

Results

Following the results on 1 July 2018, candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador won the presidential election with 53% of the popular vote. MORENA won a total of 55 seats in the Senate: 42 constituency seats and 13 proportional representation seats. It won 156 seats in the Chamber of Deputies: 106 based on district and 85 proportional representation seats. It also won 4 governorships: Mexico City, Chiapas, Tabasco, and Veracruz.

Ideology[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election year Candidate Votes % Outcome Notes
2018 Andrés Manuel López Obrador 30,113,483 53.19 Green tickY Elected

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Election year # of
district votes
% of
district vote
# of
proportional votes
% of
proportional vote
# of
overall seats won
± Position
2015 3,327,793 8.8 3,346,303 8.4
35 / 500
New party Minority
2018 TBD TBD TBD TBD
191 / 500
Increase 156 Minority

Senate elections[edit]

Election year Constituency PR # of seats Position Presidency Note
votes % votes %
2018
58 / 128
Minority Andrés Manuel López Obrador Morena Party (Mexico).svg Coalition: Juntos Haremos Historia

List of Presidents[edit]

Officeholder Term State
Martí Batres 2012–2015 Mexico City
Andrés Manuel López Obrador 2015–2017 Tabasco
Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz 2017–present Mexico City

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ García, Rosario. "LÓPEZ OBRADOR FORMALIZA A 'MORENA' COMO SU ESTRUCTURA PARA LAS ELECCIONES". Expansion. Retrieved 31 July 2018. 
  2. ^ Zepeda, Aurora. "Aprueban tres nuevos partidos; a partir de agosto recibirán dinero público". Excelsior. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  3. ^ "Declaración de principios de MORENA" (PDF). Morena.sí (in Spanish). 
  4. ^ "Amlo y las nuevas izquierdas". 
  5. ^ Lopez Guillén, Julio (3 July 2018). "Y México Dijo Sí". La Verdad (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 July 2018. 
  6. ^ Gregorich, Luis. "De la corrupción al narcotráfico, el difícil mandato que le espera al mexicano López Obrador". Clarín (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 July 2018. 
  7. ^ "'Oye, Trump': candidato presidencial López Obrador ganará por paliza en México" (in Spanish). Bloomberg. 29 June 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018 – via Gestión. 
  8. ^ "Mexico's new president is a nationalist, but he's not anti-American". 
  9. ^ "Foro de São Paulo Partidos". forodesaopaulo.org. 
  10. ^ Ferrer, Heriberta. "AMLO llama a sumarse a Morena en nuevo spot". El Financiero. Retrieved 2 August 2018. 
  11. ^ "Morena, Partido Humanista y PES toman protesta en INE" (in Spanish). Terra Networks. 13 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Mexico's Lopez Obrador leaves coalition to form new movement". BBC News. 10 September 2012. 
  13. ^ "Mexico's electoral Left May Be Divided Further by a New Political Party". The Wall Street Journal. 24 January 2014. (Subscription required (help)). 
  14. ^ "Mexico's MORENA Party Obtains Legal Status--What Will Be the Impact?". newpol.org. 19 July 2014. 
  15. ^ "Yeidckol Polevnsky asume presidencia de Morena, tras salida de AMLO". AM De Queretaro. Retrieved 22 June 2018. 
  16. ^ RODRÍGUEZ GARCÍA, ARTURO. "Yeidckol Polevnsky asume presidencia nacional de Morena". Proceso. Retrieved 22 June 2018. 
  17. ^ López Montiel, Gustavo. "El futuro de los partidos después de la elección". Forbes Mexico. Retrieved 31 July 2018. 
  18. ^ García, Rosario. "LÓPEZ OBRADOR FORMALIZA A 'MORENA' COMO SU ESTRUCTURA PARA LAS ELECCIONES". Expansion. Retrieved 31 July 2018. 
  19. ^ "What is MORENA?". LaJornada (in Spanish). 6 October 2011. 
  20. ^ "After July, MORENA will be a political party". Diario Cambio (in Spanish). 19 January 2012. 
  21. ^ "LA SEPARACIÓN DE LÓPEZ OBRADOR DEL PRD FUE UN "DIVORCIO POR CONVENIENCIA"". Expansion. Retrieved 9 July 2018. 
  22. ^ "Sólo 21% a favor que Morena sea partido político: Parametría". Animal Politico. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  23. ^ "Solicita Morena al IFE su registro como partido político". Aristegui Noticias. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  24. ^ Lara Paz, Ana Paola. "AMLO indicó que se salió del PRD porque los dirigentes de ese partido se fueron con EPN y traicionaron al pueblo". MVS Noticias. Retrieved 9 July 2018. 
  25. ^ Chouza, Paula. "Mexico's López Obrador registers new leftist party to run in 2015 election". El Pais. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  26. ^ Zepeda, Aurora. "Aprueban tres nuevos partidos; a partir de agosto recibirán dinero público". Excelsior. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  27. ^ Digital, Milenio. "PT acuerda ir con Morena por la Presidencia en el 2018". Milenio. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  28. ^ "Aprueba PT coalición con Morena en elecciones de 2018". SDPnoticias.com. 25 June 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  29. ^ "PRD avala "frente amplio" en 2018; PT se va con Morena (Documento)". aristeguinoticias.com. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  30. ^ García, Carina. "PT va con MORENA y reelige a Alberto Anaya en liderazgo". El Universal. Retrieved 26 June 2018. 
  31. ^ "Prd amlo alianza 2018". www.animalpolitico.com. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  32. ^ "No negociaremos con el PRI; vamos solos o con Morena: PES". Excélsior. 7 December 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  33. ^ "Partido del Trabajo y Encuentro Social anuncian coalición con Morena". Expansión. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  34. ^ Nación321 (13 December 2017). "Morena y Encuentro Social oficializan su unión rumbo a 2018". Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  35. ^ Redacción (13 December 2017). "Morena, PT y Encuentro Social firman coalición rumbo a elección de 2018". El Financiero. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  36. ^ Zavala, Misael (13 December 2017). "Firman acuerdo Morena, PES y PT para ir en coalición". El Universal. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  37. ^ Camhaji, Elías (13 December 2017). "López Obrador se alía con el conservador Encuentro Social para las elecciones de 2018". El País. Retrieved 13 December 2017. 
  38. ^ "En Morena creemos en la inclusión: Yeidckol ante las críticas por alianza con el PES". El Financiero Bloomberg. 13 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via YouTube. 
  39. ^ "La única opción para cambiar el país es la que encabeza AMLO: Hugo Eric Flores". El Financiero Bloomberg. 13 December 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via YouTube. 

External links[edit]